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RESEARCH PAPERS: Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering

Ice Force Prediction Based on Strain-Rate Field

[+] Author and Article Information
F. J. Bruen, V. Vivatrat

Brian Watt Associates, Inc., Houston, Tex. 77032

J. Energy Resour. Technol 106(4), 509-514 (Dec 01, 1984) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3231115 History: Received November 01, 1983; Revised June 27, 1984; Online October 22, 2009

Abstract

The mechanical behavior of sea ice has been found to be strongly dependent on the deformation rate. Consequently, prediction of ice load on arctic structures must include an adequate consideration of the deformation rate and its effects on the ice behavior. Analytical work for ice load prediction has to date been concentrated on obtaining stress fields around the structure, satisfying an “average” strain-rate dependent strength of ice. In other words, the stress field and the strain-rate field are not directly related. Consequently, there is a gap in understanding the relationship between ice loads and ice deformation. This shortcoming has been recognized, and in the last two years, large-scale field experimental programs have been conducted to measure the deformation pattern and rate around large indenters and an actual offshore island. This paper illustrates a procedure by which the strain-rate dependent mechanical properties of ice can be directly integrated into the force prediction method. This method assumes that the strain-rate field around the structure can be estimated from field measurements and relies on the bound theorems of creep analysis. This paper concentrates on a nonimpact condition in a uniform landfast ice field. The load scenario considered is one of initial breaking out. The effects of nonhomogeneities in the ice field are not included.

Copyright © 1984 by ASME
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