A New Mechanism for FBC Agglomeration and Fouling in 100 Percent Firing of Petroleum Coke

[+] Author and Article Information
E. J. Anthony

CANMET, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0G1

A. P. Iribarne, J. V. Iribarne

University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

J. Energy Resour. Technol 119(1), 55-61 (Mar 01, 1997) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2794223 History: Received April 11, 1995; Revised December 05, 1996; Online November 06, 2007


In an effort to clarify the causes of agglomeration and fouling in fluidized bed combustion of petroleum coke, a detailed study was made of samples taken from different locations of an industrial-sized CFBC boiler, including deposits formed after 7 and 96 days of operation. It was found that vanadium, the suspected cause of the agglomeration, does not accumulate in fouled regions and that no low melting oxides were present. Neither could any low melting eutectics be expected from the vanadium compounds identified. Therefore, the high concentrations of vanadium in the petroleum coke fuel cannot explain the formation of agglomerates. Fouling is attributed to molecular cramming effect caused by the nearly quantitative conversion of the CaO to CaSO4 and the absence of fuel-derived ash providing inert material, which could contribute discontinuities between the sintered anhydrite grains and prevent massive consolidation of deposits.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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