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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Sand Production Management

[+] Author and Article Information
Mamdouh M. Salama

Conoco Inc., P.O. Box 1267, Ponca City, OK 74603

J. Energy Resour. Technol 122(1), 29-33 (Dec 01, 1999) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.483158 History: Received March 23, 1999; Revised December 01, 1999
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

Salama, M. M., and Venkatesh, E. S., 1983, “Evaluation of Erosional Velocity Limitations in Offshore Gas Wells,” Proceedings of the 15th Annual Offshore Technology Conference, OTC Paper 4485.
Svendeman,  S. J., and Arnold,  K. E., 1994, “Criteria for Sizing Multi-phase Flow Lines for Erosive/Corrosive Services,” SPE Prod. Facil., 9, No. 1, pp. 74–80.
Shirazi, S. A., Shadley, J. R., McLaury, B. S., and Rybicki, E. F., 1993, “A Procedure to Predict Solid Particle Erosion in Elbows and Tees,” Proceedings of Codes and Standards in a Global Environment, ASME PVP-Vol. 259 , pp. 159–167.
Shirazi, S. A., McLaury, B. S., Shadley, J. R., and Rybicki, E. F., 1994, “Generalization of the API RP 14E Guidelines for Erosive Services,” Proceedings of SPE 69th Annual Technical Conf., SPE Paper 28518, pp. 583–592.
Birchenough, P. M., and Dawson, S. G., 1993, “Design Procedure for Erosion in Multi-Phase Flow,” private communication.
Salama, M. M., 1998, “An Alternative to API 14 E Erosional Velocity Limits for Sand Laden Fluids,” Proceedings of the Annual Offshore Technology Conference, OTC Paper 8898.
Weiner, P. D., and Tolle, G. C., 1976, “Detection and Prevention of Sand Erosion of Production equipment,” API OSAPER Project No. 2, American Petroleum Inst., Texas A&M Research Foundation.
Tolle, G. C., and Greenwood, D. R., 1977, “Design of Fittings to Reduce Wear Caused by Sand Erosion,” API OSAPER Project No. 6, American Petroleum Institute, Texas A&M Research Foundation.
Bourgoyne, A. T., 1989, “Experimental Study of Erosion in Diverter Systems Due to Sand Production,” Proceedings of the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, New Orleans, LA, SPE/IADC 18716.
Angelson, S., Kvernvold, O., Linglem, M., and Olsen, S., 1989, “Long Distance Transport of Unprocessed HC. Sand Settling in Multi-Phase Flow Lines,” Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Multi-Phase Flow, Paper D2, BHRA., Nice, France.
Wicks, M., 1971, “Transport of Solids at Low Concentration in Horizontal Pipes,” Advances in Solid-Liquid Flow in Pipes & Its Application, I. Zandi, ed., Pergamon Press, pp. 101–124.
Holte, S., Angelson, S., Kvernvold, O., and Raeder, J. H., 1987, “Sand Bed Formation In Horizontal and Near Horizontal Gas-Liquid-Sand,” The European Two-Phase Flow Group Meeting, Trondheim, Norway.
Oroskar,  A. R., and Turian,  R. M., 1980, “The Critical Velocity in Pipeline Flow of Slurries,” AIChE. J., 26, No. 4, pp. 550–558.
Davies,  J. T., 1987, “Calculations of Critical Velocities to Maintain Solids in Suspension in Horizontal Pipes,” J. Eng. Sci., 42, No. 7, Pergamon Journal Ltd, UK, pp. 1667–1670.
Chein, S. F., 1994, “Settling Velocity of Irregularly Shaped Sand Particles,” SPE Paper 26121, Proceedings of Drilling and General Petroleum Engineering, SPE.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Comparison between predicted and measured sand erosion rate in bends
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison between predicted sand settling velocity using the proposed model and experimental data
Grahic Jump Location
A comparison between injected sand and predictions by acoustic sand monitors
Grahic Jump Location
The effect of gas velocity of the sensitivity of acoustic sand monitors
Grahic Jump Location
A comparison between ER probe measurements and predictions
Grahic Jump Location
Unexplained response of ER and acoustic sand monitors under no-flow condition

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