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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Pressure Loss/Gain Boundary of Gas-Liquid Downward Flow in Inclined and Vertical Pipes

[+] Author and Article Information
X. Tom Chen

Texaco Upstream Technology, 18619 1/2 Woodland Hills, Humble, TX 77338

Hong-Quan Zhang, Clifford L. Redus, James P. Brill

Department of Petroleum Engineering, The University of Tulsa, 600 South College Avenue, Tulsa, OK 74104-3189

J. Energy Resour. Technol 122(2), 83-87 (Mar 03, 2000) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.483165 History: Received October 24, 1998; Revised March 03, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

Beggs, H. D., 1971, “A Study of Two-Phase Flow in Inclined Pipes,” Ph.D. dissertation, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
Hasan, A. R., 1993, “Void Fraction in Bubbly and Slug Flow in Downward Two-Phase Flow in Vertical and Inclined Wellbores,” SPE 26522, presented at the 68th Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, TX, October 3–6.
Roumazielles,  P., Yang,  J., Sarica,  C., Chen,  X. T., Wilson,  J., and Brill,  J. P., 1996, “Downward Co-Current Slug Flow in Inclined Pipes,” SPE Prod. Facil., pp. 173–178.
Yang, J., Sarica, C., Chen, X. T., and Brill, J. P., 1996, “A Study of Downward Intermittent Flow in Inclined Pipes,” 1996 International Congress & Exposition (IMECE), November 17–22, Atlanta, GA.
Taitel,  Y., and Dukler,  A. E., 1976, “A Model for Prediction of Flow Regime in Horizontal and Near Horizontal Gas-Liquid Flow,” AIChE J., 22, pp. 47–55.
Shoham, O., 1982, “Flow Pattern Transition and Characterization in Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow in Inclined Pipes,” Ph.D. dissertation, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
Barnea,  D., 1987, “A Unified Model for Predicting Flow Pattern Transitions for the Whole Range of Pipe Inclinations,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 13, pp. 1–12.
Zigrang,  D. J., and Sylvester,  N. D., 1985, “A Review of Explicit Friction Factor Equations,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 107, pp. 280–283.
Cohen,  S. L., and Hanratty,  T. J., 1968, “Effects of Waves at a Gas-Liquid Interface on a Turbulent Air Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 31, pp. 467–469.
Shoham,  O., and Taitel,  Y., 1984, “Stratified Turbulent-Turbulent Gas-Liquid Flow in Horizontal and Inclined Pipes,” AIChE J., 30, pp. 377–385.
Taitel,  Y., and Barnea,  D., 1990, “Two-Phase Slug Flow,” Adv. Heat Transfer, 20, pp. 83–131.
Wallis, G. B., 1969, One-Dimensional Two Phase Flow, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY.
Govan,  A. H., Hewitt,  G. F., Owen,  D. G., and Burnett,  G., 1989, “Wall Shear Stress Measurements in Vertical Air-Water Annular Two-Phase Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 15, pp. 307–325.
Brill, J. P., and Beggs, H. D., 1978, Two-Phase Flow in Pipes, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.

Figures

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Two-fluid models—(a) equilibrium stratified flow in inclined pipe; (b) equilibrium annular flow in vertical pipe
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Comparison of model prediction with Beggs’ experimental results (air-water system at 6.12 bar and 26.7°C, D=38.1 mm, smooth pipe, α=15 deg)
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Comparison of model prediction with Beggs’ experimental results (air-water system at 5.83 bar and 16.1°C, D=25.4 mm, smooth pipe, α=75 deg)
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Effect of inclination angle on pressure loss/gain boundary (gas-oil system at 67 bar and 38°C, D=76.2-mm i.d. smooth pipe)
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Effect of pipe diameter on pressure loss/gain boundary (gas-oil system at 67 bar and 38°C, smooth pipe, α=45 deg)
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Effect of roughness on pressure loss/gain boundary (gas-oil system at 67 bar and 38°C, D=76.2 mm, α=45 deg)
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Pressure loss/gain boundaries for different two-phase systems (D=76.2 mm, smooth pipe, α=45 deg)
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Effect of operating pressure on pressure loss/gain boundary (steam-water system, D=76.2 mm, smooth pipe, α=90 deg)

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