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TECHNICAL PAPERS

An Alternate Method to API RP 14E for Predicting Solids Erosion in Multiphase Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
Brenton S. McLaury, Siamack A. Shirazi

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Tulsa, 600 South College Avenue, Tulsa, OK 74104-3189

J. Energy Resour. Technol 122(3), 115-122 (May 24, 2000) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1288209 History: Received October 28, 1999; Revised May 24, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

API Recommended Practice for Design and Installation of Offshore Production Platform Piping Systems, API RP 14E, 1991, American Petroleum Institute, Fifth Edition, Washington, DC, Oct.
Salama, M. M., 1998, “An Alternative to API 14E Erosional Velocity Limits for Sand Laden Fluids,” presented at the 1998 Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, TX, OTC 8898.
Jordan, K., 1998, “Erosion in Multiphase Production of Oil and Gas,” Corrosion 98, Paper No. 58, NACE International Annual Conference, San Antonio, TX.
Salama, M. M., and Venkatesh, E. S., 1983, “Evaluation of Erosional Velocity Limitations in Offshore Gas Wells,” 15th Annual OTC, Houston, TX, May 2–5, OTC No. 4485.
Bourgoyne, Jr., A. T., 1989, “Experimental Study of Erosion in Diverter Systems Due to Sand Production,” presented at the 1989 SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, New Orleans, LA, SPE/IADC 18716.
Svedeman, S. J., and Arnold, K. E., 1993, “Criteria for Sizing Multiphase Flow Lines for Erosive/Corrosive Service,” paper presented at the 1993 SPE Conference, Houston, TX, SPE 26569.
McLaury, B. S., 1993, “A Model to Predict Solid Particle Erosion in Oilfield Geometries,” Master’s thesis, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
Shirazi, S. A., McLaury, B. S., Shadley, J. R., and Rybicki, E. F., 1995, “Generalization of the API RP 14E Guideline for Erosive Services,” J. Pet. Technol. (Distinguished Author Series), pp. 693–698.
Edwards, J. K., McLaury, B. S., and Shirazi, S. A., 1998, “Supplementing a CFD Code with Erosion Prediction Capabilities,” Paper FEDSM98-5229, ASME FED Summer Meeting Proc., Washington, DC, June 21–25.
Forder,  A., Thew,  M., and Harrison,  D., 1998, “A Numerical Investigation of Solid Particle Erosion Experienced Within Oilfield Control Valves,” Wear, 216, pp. 184–193.
Weiner, P. D., and Tolle, G. C., 1976, “Detection and Prevention of Sand Erosion of Production Equipment,” API OSAPER Project No. 2, American Petroleum Institute, Texas A&M Research Foundation.
Tolle, G. C., and Greenwood, D. R., 1977, “Design of Fittings to Reduce Wear Caused by Sand Erosion,” API OSAPER Project No. 6, American Petroleum Institute, Texas A&M Research Foundation.
Wang, J., Shirazi, S. A., Shadley, J. R., and Rybicki, E. F., 1996, “Application of Flow Modeling and Particle Tracking to Predict Sand Erosion Rates in Elbows,” ASME FED-Vol. 236, pp. 725–734.
Eyler, R. L., 1987, “Design and Analysis of a Pneumatic Flow Loop,” M.S. thesis, West Virginia University.
Bikbiaev,  K. A., Krasnov,  V. I., Maksimenko,  M. I., Berezin,  V. L., and Zhilinskii,  I. B., 1972, “Main Factors Affecting Gas Abrasive Wear of Elbows in Pneumatic Conveying Pipes,” Chemical Petroleum Engineering, 8, pp. 465–466.
McLaury, B. S., Wang, J., Shirazi, S. A, Shadley, J. R., and Rybicki, E. F., 1997, “Solid Particle Erosion in Long Radius Elbows and Straight Pipe,” Paper 38842 presented at SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, TX, October 5–8.
McLaury, B. S., Shirazi, S. A., Shadley, J. R., and Rybicki, E. F., 1995, “Parameters Affecting Flow Accelerated Erosion and Erosion-Corrosion,” Corrosion 95, Paper No. 120, NACE International Annual Conference, Orlando, FL.
McLaury, B. S., Shirazi, S. A., Shadley, J. R., and Rybicki, E. F., 1999, “How Operating and Environmental Conditions Affect Erosion,” Corrosion 99, Paper No. 34, NACE International Annual Conference, San Antonio, TX.

Figures

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Comparison of erosional velocities using API RP 14E equation with field failure data
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Concept of equivalent stagnation length
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Stagnation length versus pipe diameter for elbow and tee
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The effect of different factors on particle impact velocity
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Liquid flowstream velocity as a function of superficial gas and liquid velocities
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Comparison of experimental data with predictions for mulitphase flow
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Threshold erosional velocity curves for multiphase erosion prediction model and Salama’s model with field failure data
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Predicted threshold erosional velocity curves for different allowable penetration rates
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Predicted threshold erosional velocity curves for different sand rates
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Predicted threshold erosional velocity curves for different sand sizes
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Predicted threshold erosional velocity curves for different elbow diameters
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Predicted threshold erosional velocity curves for different operating pressures

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