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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Flow Pattern Transitions in Horizontal Pipelines Carrying Oil-Water Mixtures: Full-Scale Experiments

[+] Author and Article Information
Yuri V. Fairuzov, Pedro Arenas-Medina

Institute of Engineering, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City 04510, Mexico

Jorge Verdejo-Fierro, Ruben Gonzalez-Islas

Division of Production Systems, PEMEX, Exploration & Production, Villahermosa, Tabasco 86030, Mexico

J. Energy Resour. Technol 122(4), 169-176 (Aug 14, 2000) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1318204 History: Received November 05, 1999; Revised August 14, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

Ricca, P. M., 1991, “Ultrasonic Inspection Prompts of Chemical Inhibitor Program,” Oil & Gas J., April 22, pp. 73–77.
Angeli,  P., and Hewitt,  G. F., 1998, “Pressure Gradients in Horizontal Liquid-Liquid Flows,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 24, pp. 1183–1204.
Trallero, J. L., 1995, “Oil-Water Flow Patterns in Horizontal Pipe,” Ph.D. dissertation, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
Brauner,  N., and Maron,  D. M., 1992, “Stability Analysis of Stratified Liquid-Liquid Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 18, pp. 103–121.
Brauner,  N., and Maron,  D. M., 1992, “Flow Pattern Transitions in Two-Phase Liquid-Liquid Flow in Horizontal Tubes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 18, pp. 123–140.
Rao,  C. S., and Dukler,  A. E., 1971, “The Isokinetic-Momentum Probe. A New Technique for Measurement Global Voids and Velocities in the Flow Dispersions,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam., 10, No. 3, pp. 3–10.
Kline,  S. J., and McClintock,  F. A., 1953, “Describing Uncertainties in Single-Sample Experiments,” Mech. Eng. (Am. Soc. Mech. Eng.), 75, Jan., pp. 3–8.
Guzhov,  A. I., Grishin,  A. P., Medvedev,  V. F., and Medvedeva,  O. P., 1973, “Emulsion Formation During the Flow of Two Immiscible Liquids in a Pipe” (in Russian), Neftianoe Khoziastvo (Oil Industry), 8, pp. 58–61.
Nadler,  M., and Mewes,  D., 1997, “Flow Induced Emulsification in the Flow of Two Immiscible Liquids in Horizontal Pipes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 23, pp. 55–68.
Decarre,  S., and Fabre,  J., 1997, “Phase Inversion Prediction Study” (in French), J. L’Institut Francais du Petrole, 52, pp. 415–424.

Figures

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Schematic of multi-point sampling probe
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Schematic of a connecting line
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Schematic diagram of test section
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Multi-point sampling probe
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Rack and MPSP installed in the pipeline
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Flow pattern classification 3
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Measured water volume fraction profile (series 1)—(a) Um=0.24 m/s,λw=1.5 percent; (b) Um=0.43 m/s,λw=1.9 percent; (c) Um=1.11 m/s,λw=1.9 percent
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Measured water volume fraction profile (series 2)—(a) Um=0.91 m/s,λw=3.0 percent; (b) Um=1.13 m/s,λw=3.0 percent; (c) Um=1.89 m/s,λw=3.0 percent
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Measured water volume fraction profile (series 3)—(a) Um=0.61 m/s,λw=7.15 percent; (b) Um=1.68 m/s,λw=8.2 percent; (c) Um=1.91 m/s,λw=7.16 percent
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Measured water volume fraction profile (series 4)—(a) Um=1.07 m/s,λw=19.3 percent; (b) Um=1.26 m/s,λw=17.7 percent; (c) Um=1.52 m/s,λw=20.4 percent
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Comparison of experimental data with theoretical transition boundaries
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Comparison of experimental data with theoretical transition boundaries

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