0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

Optical Analysis of Pulse Combustion Using Shadowgraph and Planar CH-LIF Imaging Technique

[+] Author and Article Information
Yojiro Ishino

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya, Japane-mail: ishino@megw.mech.nitech.ac.jp

Tatsuya Hasegawa

Department of Environmental Technology and Urban Planning, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya, Japan

Shigeki Yamaguchi

Department of Transport Machine Engineering, Meijo University, Nagoya, Japan

Norio Ohiwa

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya, Japan

J. Energy Resour. Technol 123(1), 59-63 (Oct 30, 2000) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1348015 History: Received March 15, 2000; Revised October 30, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Putnam,  A. A., Belles,  F. E., and Kentfield,  J. A. C., 1986, “Pulse Combustion,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 12, pp. 43–79.
Zinn, B. T., 1996, “Pulse Combustors Applications: Past, Present and Future,” Unsteady Combustion, eds. F. Culick, M. V. Heitor, and J. H. Whitelaw, Kluwer Academic, Boston, MA, pp. 113–137.
Keller,  J. O., and Hongo,  I., 1990, “Pulse Combustion: The Mechanisms of NOx Production,” Combust. Flame, 80, pp. 219–237.
Keller,  J. O., Bramlette,  T. T., Barr,  P. K., and Alvarez,  J. R., 1994, “NOx and CO Emissions from a Pulse Combustor Operating in a Lean Premixed Mode,” Combust. Flame, 99, pp. 460–466.
Ohiwa,  N., Yamaguchi,  S., Hasegawa,  T., Qin,  B. K., and Okada,  A., 1986, “An Experimental Study of the Ignition and Burning Mechanisms in a Pulse Combustor (Combustion Characteristics Supplied with a Propane-Air Mixture),” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng., Ser. B, 52–476B, pp. 1913–1922.
Keller,  J. O., Barr,  P. K., and Gemmen,  R. S., 1994, “Premixed Combustion in a Periodic Flow Field. Part I: Experimental Investigation,” Combust. Flame, 99, pp. 29–42.
Ishino,  Y., Suzuki,  M., Abe,  T., Ohiwa,  N., and Yamaguchi,  S., 1996, “Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics in Pulsating Pipe Flows (Effects of Pulsation on Internal Heat Transfer in a Circular Pipe Flow),” Heat Transfer-Jpn. Res., 25, No 5, pp. 323–341.
Ishino,  Y., Kani,  N., Ohiwa,  N., and Yamaguchi,  S., 1997, “Optical Observations of Ignition and Combustion Process in a Two-Dimensional Valveless Pulse Combustor,” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng., Ser. B, 63–613B, pp. 3137–3143.
Barr,  P. K., Keller,  J. O., Bramlette,  T. T., Westbrook,  C. K., and Dec,  J. E., 1990, “Pulse Combustor Modeling Demonstration of the Importance of Characteristics Time,” Combust. Flame, 82, pp. 252–269.
Barr,  P. K., and Keller,  J. O., 1994, “Premixed Combustion in a Periodic Flow Field. Part II: The Importance of Flame Extinction by Fluid Dynamic Strain,” Combust. Flame, 99, pp. 43–52.
Ishino,  Y., Kani,  N., Ohiwa,  N., and Yamaguchi,  S., 1997, “Measurements and Numerical Evaluation of Acoustic Characteristics in a Two-Dimensional Valveless Pulse Combustor (Numerical Approach and Acoustic Characteristics without Combustion),” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng., Ser. B, 63–614B, pp. 3419–3425.
Garland,  N. L., and Crosley,  D. R., 1985, “Energy Transfer Processes in CH A2Δ and B2Σ in an Atmospheric Pressure Flame,” Appl. Opt., 24, pp. 4229–4237.
Namazian,  M., Schmitt,  R. L., and Long,  M. B., 1998, “Two-Wavelength Single Laser CH and CH4 Imaging in a Lifted Turbulent Diffusion Flame,” Appl. Opt., 27, pp. 3597–3600.
Paul,  P. H., and Dec,  J. E., 1994, “Imaging of Reaction Zones in Hydrocarbon-Air Flames by Use of Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence of CH,” Opt. Lett., 19, pp. 998–1000.
Cadou, C., Logan, P., Karagozian, A., Marchant, R., and Smith, O., 1991, “Laser Diagnostic Techniques in a Resonant Incinerator,” SPIE Vol. 1434, Environmental Sensing and Combustion Diagnostics, pp. 67–77.
Willis,  J. W., Cadou,  C., Mitchell,  M., and Karagozian,  A. R., 1994, “Destruction of Liquid and Gaseous Waste Surrogates in an Acoustically Excited Dump Combustor,” Combust. Flame, 99, pp. 280–287.
Fristrom, R. M., 1995, Flame Structure and Processes, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 411–412.
Ishino, Y., Hasegawa, T., Yamaguchi, S., and Ohiwa, N., 1999, “Combined Planar Imaging of Schlieren Photography with OH-LIPF and Spontaneous OH-Emission in a 2-D Valveless Pulse Combustor,” Proc., 5th ASME/JSME Joint Conf., L-01, AJTE99-6485.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Schematic diagram of the pulse combustion system used
Grahic Jump Location
A structural detail and dimensions of the two-dimensional valveless pulse combustor used
Grahic Jump Location
Optical system used for planar CH-LIF imaging
Grahic Jump Location
Laser excitation scan through the R-branch region of the (0,0) band of the B2Σ−X2Π system of CH in a propane-air Bunsen flame; fluorescence of the (0,1) band emission near 435 nm is collected
Grahic Jump Location
An example of the pressure fluctuation time history under the most stable pulsation
Grahic Jump Location
Seven typical shadowgraph images of pulse combustion process
Grahic Jump Location
Four typical CH-LIF images of pulse combustion process

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In