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TECHNICAL PAPERS

An Experimental Comparison Between a Recombined Hydrocarbon-Water Fluid and a Model Fluid System in Three-Phase Pipe Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
Ole Harald Utvik, Trygve Rinde, Arne Valle

Norsk Hydro, Research Centre Porsgrunn, N3907 Porsgrunn, Norway

J. Energy Resour. Technol 123(4), 253-259 (Jun 11, 2001) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1410365 History: Received October 28, 1999; Revised June 11, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Sobocinski, D. B., 1955, “Horizontal Co-Current Flow of Water, Gas-Oil and Air,” M.S. thesis, Chemical Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Tulsa, OK.
Trallero, J. L., 1995, “Oil-Water Flow Patterns in Horizontal Pipes,” Ph.D. thesis, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
Pan, L., 1996, “High Pressure Three-Phase (Gas/liquid/liquid) Flow,” Ph.D. thesis, Imperial College, London, UK.
Malinowsky, M. S., 1975, “An Experimental Study on Oil-Water and Air-Oil-Water Flowing Mixtures in Horizontal Pipes,” M.S. thesis, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
Laflin, A. N., and Oglesby, K. D., 1976, “An Experimental Study on the Effects of Flow Rates, Water Fraction and Gas-Liquid Ratio on Air-Oil-Water Flow in Horizontal Pipes,” B.S. thesis, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
Valle, A., and Utvik, O. H., 1997, “Pressure Drop, Flow Pattern and Slip for Two Phase Crude Oil/Water Flow: Experiments and Model Predictions,” Proc., Int. Conf. on Liquid-Liquid Two-Phase Flow and Transport Phenomena, Turkey.
Utvik, O. H. Valle, A., and Rinde, T., 1998, “Pressure Drop, Flow Pattern and Slip for a Multi-Phase Crude Oil-Water Hydrocarbon Gas System,” Third Int. Conference on Multiphase Flow, ICMF98 Lyon, France.
Solemani, A., Hewitt, G., and Lawrence, C. J., 1997, “Effect of Mixers on Flow Patterns and Pressure Drop in Horizontal Oil-Water Pipe Flow,” Proc., Int. Conf. on Liquid-Liquid Two-Phase Flow and Transport Phenomena, Turkey.
Pal,  R., 1993, “Pipeline Flow of Unstable and Surfactant-Stabilized Emulsions,” AIChE J., 39, No. 11, pp. 207–215.
Açikgöz,  M., França,  F., and Lahey,  R. T., 1992, “An Experimental Study of Three-Phase Flow Regimes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 18, No. 3, pp. 327–336.
Hall, A. R. W., 1992, “Multiphase Flow of Oil, Water And Gas in Horizontal Pipes,” Ph.D. thesis, Imperial College, London, UK.
Angeli, P., 1996,
“Liquid-Liquid Dispersed Flow in Horizontal Pipes,” Ph.D. thesis, Imperial College, London, UK.
Haaland,  S. E., 1983, “Simple and Explicit Formulas for the Friction Factor in Turbulent Pipe Flow,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 105, pp. 89–90.
Kvandal, H. K., Valle, A., Robøle, B., and Arvesen, T., 1998, “Comparison Between Three-Phase Field Tests and Multiphase Simulation Code,” SPE49159.
Valle, A., 2000, “Three Phase Gas-Oil-Water Pipe Flow,” Ph.D. thesis, Imperial College, London, UK, pp. 418–419.
Traykov,  T. T., and Ivanov,  I. B., 1977, “Hydrodynamics of Thin Films. Effect of the Surfactants on the Velocity of Thinning of Emulsion Films,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 3, No. 3, pp. 471–483.

Figures

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Outline of the multiphase flow loop
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Location of the instruments in the test section
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Relative pressure gradient and flow pattern for a model oil-synthetic water system and a light North Sea crude-synthetic formation water system at mixture velocity 1.17±0.02 m/s
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Relative pressure gradient and flow pattern for a model oil-synthetic water system and a light North Sea crude-synthetic formation water system at mixture velocity 1.75±0.03 m/s
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Relative pressure gradient and flow pattern for a nitrogen-model oil-water system and recombined reservoir fluid system; USL:1.17±0.02 m/s;USG:0.58±0.11 m/s
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Relative pressure gradient and flow pattern for a nitrogen-model oil-water system and recombined reservoir fluid system; USL:1.17±0.02 m/s;USG:2.93±0.05 m/s
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Densitometer readings for the crude system and model fluid system at USG=0.58±0.11 m/s and USL=1.17±0.02 m/s

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