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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Comparison of Externally Fired and Internal Combustion Gas Turbines Using Biomass Fuel

[+] Author and Article Information
Sandro B. Ferreira

CAPES/Brazil SoE—Cranfield University, MK43 0AL Bedfordshire, UKe-mail: S.B.Ferreira.1998@Cranfield.ac.uk

Pericles Pilidis

School of Engineering, Cranfield University, MK43 0AL Bedfordshire, UKe-mail: P.Pilidis@Cranfield.ac.uk

J. Energy Resour. Technol 123(4), 291-296 (Jun 15, 2001) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1413468 History: Received April 30, 2000; Revised June 15, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Ferreira, S. B., 1998, Análise das Condições de Operação de Turbinas a Gás lindustriais Utilizando Biomassa Gaseificada, M.Sc. thesis (Portuguese), Istituto de Engenharia Meca⁁nica, Escola Federal de Engenharia Meca⁁nica, Itajubá-MG/Brasil.
Mathieu, P., and Pilidis, P., 1991, “The Use of Gaseous Fuels on Aero-Derivative Gas Turbine Engines,” presented at Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition, Orlando, FL, June 3–6.
Bridgwater,  A. V., 1995, “The Technical and Economic Feasibility of Bjomass Gasification for Power Generation,” Fuel, 74, No. 5, pp. 631–653.
Consonni,  S., and Larson,  E. D., 1996, “Biomass-Gasifier/Aeorderivative Gas Turbine Combined Cycles: Part A—Technologies and Performance Modeling,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 118, pp. 507–515.
Larson, E. D., and Williams, R. H., 1988, “Biomass-Fired Steam-Injected Gas Turbine Cogeneration,” ASME-Cogen Turbo II Proc., G. K. Sevory, and T. H. Fransson, eds., ASME, New York, pp. 57–66.
LaHaye, P. G., and Zabolotny, E., 1989, “Externally-Fired Combined Cycle (EFCC),” ASME-Cogen Turbo Meeting, Nice, France, August 30–September 2, pp. 263–274.
Zabolotny, E. R., Vivenzio, T. A., and LaHaye, P., 1990, “Externally Fired Combined Cycle (EFCC),” American Power Conf., 52nd Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, pp. 23–31.
Consonni, S., and Macchi, E., 1996, “Externally Fired Combined Cycles (EFCC). Part B: Alternative Configurations and Cost Projections,” ASME International Gas Turbine & Aeroderivative Congress & Exhibition, Birmingham, UK, pp. 1–10.
Tsatsaronis,  G., 1993, “Thermoeconomic Analysis and Optimization of Energy Systems,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 19, pp. 227–257.
Brilliant, H. M., 1995, Second Law Analysis of Present and Future Gas Turbine Engines, 31st AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibition, Report AIAA 95-3030, July 10–12, San Diego, CA.
Bejan, A., Tsatsaronis, G., and Moran, M., 1996, Thermal Design and Optimization, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, NY.
Moran, M. J., 1982, Availability Analysis: A Guide to Efficient Energy Use, Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Szargut, J., Morris, D. R., and Stewart, F. R., 1988, Exergy Analysis of Thermal, Chemical and Metallurgical Processes, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, New York, NY.
Neto, A. C., and Pilidis, P., 1999, “A Comparative Exergy Analysis of Advanced Power Cycles Using Biomass Fuel,” Presented at Int Gas Turbine & Aeroengine Congress & Exhibition, Indianapolis, IN, June 7–10.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of the (a) EFGT and (b) BIG/GT cycles
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of the EFGT/CC cycle
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of the exergy destruction ratios in the main components of the simple cycles
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of the exergy destruction ratios in the main components of the combined cycles

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