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TECHNICAL PAPERS

A New Approach to Evaluate Temperature Effects on Rheological Behavior of Formate-Based Fluids

[+] Author and Article Information
Rosana F. T. Lomba, Carlos H. M. de Sá, Edimir M. Brandão

PETROBRAS/CENPES, Cidade Universitaria, Ilha do Fundao, Rio de Janeiro, RJ-21949-900 Brazil

J. Energy Resour. Technol 124(3), 141-145 (Aug 06, 2002) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1485293 History: Received June 15, 2000; Revised February 25, 2002; Online August 06, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Downs, J., 1992, “High Temperature Stabilization of Xanthan in Drilling Fluids by the Use of Formate Salts,” Physical Chemistry of Colloids and Interfaces in Oil Production, pp. 197–202.
Downs, J. D., 1992, “Formate Brines: New Solutions to Deep Slim-Hole Drilling Fluid Design Problems,” Proc., European Petroleum Conference, pp. 105–114.
Downs, J. D., 1993, “Formate Brines: Novel Drilling and Completion Fluids for Demanding Environments,” Proc., SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, pp. 267–279.
Hallman,  J. H., 1996, “Formates in Practice: Field Use and Reclamation,” World Oil, Spp. 81–90.
Howard, S. K., 1995, “Formate Brines for Drilling and Completion: State of the Art,” Proc., SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, pp. 483–496.
Ramsey, M. S., Shipp, J. A., Lang, B. J., Black, A., and Curry, D., 1996, “Cesium Formate: Results and Analysis of Drilling with a New High Density Unweighted Brine,” Proc., SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, pp. 95–104.
Svendsen, O., Toften, J. K., Marshall, D. S., and Hermansson, C. L., 1995, “Use of a Novel Drill-In/Completion Fluid Based on Potassium Formate Brine on the First Open Hole Completion in the Gullfaks Field,” Proc., SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, pp. 647–661.
Downs, J. D., Killie, S., Whale, G. F., and Inglesfield, C., 1994, “Development of Environmentally Benign Formate-Based Drilling and Completion Fluids,” Proc., Second International Conference on Health, Safety & Environment in Oil & Gas Exploration & Production, pp. 419–428.
Alderman, N. J., Gavignet, A., Guillot, O., and Maitland, G. C., 1988, “High-Temperature, High Pressure Rheology of Water-Based Muds,” Proc., 63rd SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, pp. 187–195.
Sinha, B. K., 1970, “A New Technique to Determine the Equivalent Viscosity of Drilling Fluids Under High Temperatures and Pressures,” Proc., Fourth Conference on Drilling and Rock Mechanics, pp. 33–40.
Churchill, S. W., 1982, “The Development of Theoretically Based Correlations for Heat and Mass Transfer,” Proc., First Latin American Congress on Heat and Mass Transfer, pp. 207.
Perry, R. H., and Chilton, C. H., 1982, Chemical Engineers’ Handbook, McGraw-Hill International Book Company, Section 4, p. 15.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Viscosity of a high solids content water-based fluid as function of temperature under 34,500 kPa
Grahic Jump Location
Viscosity of a high solids content water-based fluid as function of temperature under 69,000 kPa
Grahic Jump Location
Viscosity of a sodium formate fluid as function of temperature under 4000 kPa
Grahic Jump Location
Viscosity of a potassium formate fluid as function of temperature under 4000 kPa
Grahic Jump Location
Viscosity of a potassium/cesium formate fluid (1.88 SG) as function of temperature under 4000 kPa
Grahic Jump Location
Dimensionless shear stress versus temperature plot for a high solids content water-based fluid
Grahic Jump Location
Dimensionless shear stress versus temperature plot for sodium formate fluid
Grahic Jump Location
Dimensionless shear stress versus temperature plot for potassium formate fluid
Grahic Jump Location
Dimensionless shear stress versus temperature plot for potassium/cesium formate fluid

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