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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Chemically Improved Filter Cakes for Drilling Wells

[+] Author and Article Information
Neeraj S. Nandurdikar

Independent Project Analysis, Inc., Ashburn, VA 20147

Nicholas E. Takach, Stefan Z. Miska

The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK 74104

J. Energy Resour. Technol 124(4), 223-230 (Nov 20, 2002) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1492841 History: Received April 20, 2001; Revised April 30, 2002; Online November 20, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Fluids , Drilling , Slags , Filters
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References

Jiao, D. and Sharma, M. M., 1992, “Formation Damage Due to Static and Dynamic Filtration of Water-Based Muds,” SPE 23823, Lafayette, LA, February 26–27.
Cowan, K. M., Hale, A. H., and Nahm, J. J., 1992, “Conversion of Drilling Fluids to Cements with Blast Furnace Slag: Performance, Properties and Applications for Well Cementing,” SPE 24575, Washington, DC, October 4–7.
Tare,  U. A., Takach,  N. E., Miska,  S. Z., Growcock,  F. B., and Davis,  N., 1999, “Investigation of Drilling Fluids Containing Blast Furnace Slag for Their Potential Impact on Formation Damage,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 121, pp. 149–153.
Dan,  T. K., and Chaterjee,  M. K., 1985, “Activation of an Indian Blast Furnace Slag by Lime and Lime-Gypsum Mixed Activator in Solution Phase,” Indian J. Technol., 23, pp. 337–344.
Schilling,  P. J., and Roy,  A., 1994, “Microstructure, Strength, and Reaction Products of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag Activated by Highly Concentrated NaOH Solution,” J. Mater. Res., 9, pp. 188–197.
Shi,  C., and Day,  R. L., 1996, “Selectivity of Alkaline Activators for the Activation of Slags,” Cement and Concrete Aggregates, 18, No. 1, June, pp. 8–14.
Davis, N., Mihalik, P., Lundie, P. R., Growcock, F., Calloni, G., and Davidson, E., 1999, “New Permeability Plugging Apparatus Procedure Addresses Safety and Technology Issues,” SPE/IADC 52815, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, March 9–11.
Bailey, L., Meeten, G. H., and Way, P., 1998, “Filter Cake Integrity and Reservoir Damage,” SPE 39429, Lafayette, LA, February 18–19.
Meeten,  G. H., 1993, “A Dissection Method for Analyzing Filter Cakes,” Chemical Engineering Society, 48, No. 13, pp. 2391–2398.

Figures

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Filtration results using a PHPA formulation and 35 micron filter disks
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Filtration results using calcium carbonate drill-In fluid and 60 micron filter disks
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Schematic diagram of the filter cake testing device
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Strength of an unactivated slag-laden filter cake
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5 ppb BFS-containing cake activated for 2 h by NaOH solution
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Strength test results on filter cakes under various activating conditions
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Micrograph of a drill-in fluid cake containing no BFS
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Micrograph of a drill-in fluid cake with BFS without activation
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Micrograph of a drill-in fluid cake containing 5 ppb BFS and activated for 2 h by NaOH solution
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Micrograph of a 5ppb BFS cake activated for 2 h with the mixture
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Micrograph of the interface between the filter cake and porous media
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Permeability of a filter cake made from a control mud
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Permeability of a filter cake containing 5 ppb BFS

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