0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

Measuring Reservoir Compaction Through Radioactive Marker Technique

[+] Author and Article Information
Paolo Macini

Dept. of Chemical, Mining & Environmental Engineering, University of Bologna, Viale del Risorgimento, 2, Bologna 40136 Italy

Ezio Mesini

Dept. of Chemical, Mining & Environmental Engineering, University of Bologna, Viale del Risorgimento, 2, Bologna 40136 Italy

J. Energy Resour. Technol 124(4), 269-275 (Nov 20, 2002) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1506700 History: Received September 01, 2001; Revised May 01, 2002; Online November 20, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Macini, P., and Mesini, E., 1998, “Static and Dynamic Reservoir Rock Compressibility at High Pressure,” Paper SPE 49549, in Proc. 8th Abu Dhabi Petroleum Conf., Abu Dhabi, pp. 813–820.
Evangelisti,  G., and Poggi,  B., 1970, “Sopra i Fenomeni di Deformazione dei Terreni da Variazioni Della Pressione di Strato,” Mem. Acc. Sci. Ist. Bologna, II, 6, pp. 1–124.
Geertsma,  J., 1973, “Land Subsidence Above Compacting Oil and Gas Reservoirs,” J. Pet. Technol. 25, pp. 734–744.
Gambolati,  G., Ricceri,  G., Bertoni,  W., Brighenti,  G., and Vuillermin,  E., 1991, “Mathematical Simulation of the Subsidence of Ravenna,” Water Resources Research, 27(11), pp. 2899–2918.
Benedetti, G., Draghetti, T., Bitelli, G., Ungendoli, M., Bonsignore, F., and Zavatti, A., 2000, “Land Subsidence in the Emilia-Romagna Region, Northern Italy,” in Proc. Sixth Int. Symp. On Land Subsidence, Ravenna, I, pp. 61–76.
Fourmaintraux, D. M., Flouzat, M., Boutéca, M. J., and Kasser, M., 1994 “Improved Subsidence Monitoring Methods,” Paper SPE/ISRM 28095, in Proc. Eurock ’94, Delft, pp. 549–556.
Ferretti, A., Prati, C., and Rocca, F., 2000 “Measuring Subsidence with SAR Interferometry: Applications of the Permanent Scatterers Technique,” in Proc. Sixth Int. Symp. On Land Subsidence, Ravenna, II, pp. 67–79.
Wegmüller, U., Strozzi, T., and Tosi, L., 2000, “Differential SAR Interferometry for Land Subsidence Monitoring: Methodology and Examples,” in Proc. Sixth Int. Symp. On Land Subsidence, Ravenna, II, pp. 93–105.
Brighenti, G., Macini, P., and Mesini, E., 1998, “Subsidence in Northern Italy: Compaction Measurements of Water/Gas Bearing Formations,” in Proc. 8th Congr. of the Int. Ass. of Engineering Geology, Vancouver, pp. 207–214.
Holt, R. M., Brignoli, M., Fjaer, E., Unander, T. E., and Kenter, C. J., 1994, “Core Damage Effects on Compaction Behavior,” Paper SPE/ISRM 28027, in Proc. Eurock ’94, Delft, pp. 55–62.
Holt, R. M., Nes, O. M., Ringstad, C., and Fjaer, E., 2000, “The Reliability of Core Data as Input to Seismic Reservoir Monitoring Studies,” SPE Paper 65180, in Proc. European Petroleum Conf., Paris, pp. 685–693.
Netland, S. O., Knapstad, B., and Holt, R. M., 1996, “Estimation of In Situ Compaction Modulus from Tidal Response in Well Test Data,” Paper SPE 36821, in Proc. European Petroleum Conf., Milan, pp. 81–87.
Cassiani, G., and Zoccatelli, C., 2000 “Towards a Reconciliation Between Laboratory and In-Situ Measurements of Soil and Rock Compressibility,” in Proc. Sixth Int. Symp. On Land Subsidence, Ravenna, II, pp. 3–15.
Schmitt, T., 1996, “The Measurement of the Subsidence of Geological Formations With Position Sensitive Detectors. Application to the Oil Fields,” in Proc. 5th European Union Hydrocarbon Symp., Edinburgh, pp. 1028–1061.
Overboom, E. J. M., Peeters, M., and Milloy, G., 1981 “Precise Distance Measurements With Gamma Ray Logging Tools to Monitor Compaction (PDM),” in Proc. SPWLA 22nd Annual Logging Symp., pp. 28.
Mobach, E., and Gussinklo, H. J., 1994, “In-situ Reservoir Compaction Monitoring in the Groningen Field,” Paper SPE/ISRM 28094, in Proc. Eurock ’94, Delft, pp. 535–547.
Menghini,  M. L., 1989, “Compaction Monitoring in the Ekofisk Area Chalk Fields,” J. Pet. Technol. 41(7), pp. 735–739.
De Kock,  A. J., Johnson,  T. J., Hagiwara,  T., Zea,  H. A., and Santa,  F., 1998, “Gulf of Mexico Subsidence Monitoring Project with a New Formation-compaction Monitoring Tool,” SPE Drill. Completion, 13, pp. 223–230.
Schlumberger, 1994, Formation Subsidence Monitoring, Schlumberger, Internal report.
Pemper, R., Ahmad, I., Brewer, J., and Gold, R., 1996, “Development of a Compaction Monitoring Measurement System,” in Proc. 17th SPWLA European Symp., Amsterdam, pp. 2.
Ramirez, M. O., and Zubillaga, J. I., 1987, “Applications of Well Logging for Compaction and Subsidence Studies in the Orinoco Oil Belt, Venezuela,” SPE Paper 16773, in Proc. 62nd SPE/ATCE, Dallas.
Bevilacqua, N., Cassiani, G., Macini, P., and Mesini, E., 1999, “Compaction Monitoring in Adriatic Gas Fields,” in Proc. 10th Int. Sci. and Tech. Conf. “New methods and technologies in petroleum geology, drilling, reservoir and gas engineering,” Krakow, pp. 103–112.
Macini, P., and Mesini, E., 2000, “Compaction Monitoring From Radioactive Marker Technique,” in Proc. Sixth Int. Symp. On Land Subsidence, Ravenna, II, pp. 43–55.
Palozzo, W., Cassiani, G., Brighenti, G., and Zoccatelli, C., 2000, “Three Dimensional Simulation of Subsidence Due to the Gas Production in the Barbara Field and Comparison with Field Data,” in Proc. Sixth Int. Symp. On Land Subsidence, Ravenna, II, pp. 397–408.
Baù, D., Gambolati, G., and Teatini, P., 1999, “Statistical Analysis of In Situ Compaction Measurements for Anthropogenic Land Subsidence Prediction in the Northern Adriatic Basin,” in Proc. 5th Conf. Int. Ass. Mathematical Geology, Trondheim, I, pp. 299–304.
Brighenti, G., Macini, P., and Mesini, E., 2000, “Reservoir Compaction: A Parametric Study on In-Situ Measurements,” in Proc. Sixth Int. Symp. On Land Subsidence, Ravenna, II, pp. 17–29.
Pemper, R., Fjell, L., Gold, R., and Ramstad, F., 1997, “Field Examples With a New Compaction Monitoring Instrument,” in SPWLA 38th Annual Logging Symp., pp. 11.
Western-Atlas, 1996, Compaction Monitoring Instrument (CMI) a New Generation State of the Art Tool, Western Atlas International, Internal report.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of Radioactive Marker Technique. Radioactive bullets are shot into the producing formation and GR measurements are periodically repeated to measure distance variations between markers.
Grahic Jump Location
Top: filtered and smoothed registration of GR signal (GR Count); the logging speed is fairly constant (Depth wheel velocity). Bottom: the same, when the logging speed is not constant, because of “yo-yo” and stick-and-slip motion. From Ref. 22.
Grahic Jump Location
Central and Northern Adriatic Sea gas fields (Italian section). Detail of wells currently monitored by RMT. From Ref. 22.
Grahic Jump Location
Cm values calculated from laboratory (EN1, DICMA) and in-situ RMT measurements (RMT). Data are rearranged after ENI 13 and University of Bologna, DICMA 9.

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In