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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Environmental Impact of Fossil Fuel Fired Co-Generation Plants Using a Numerically Standardized LCA Scheme

[+] Author and Article Information
Anugerah Widiyanto, Seizo Kato, Naoki Maruyama, Yoshimasa Kojima

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Mie University 1515 Kamihama-cho, Tsu, Mie 514-8507, Japan

J. Energy Resour. Technol 125(1), 9-16 (Mar 14, 2003) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1510521 History: Received September 01, 2001; Revised May 01, 2002; Online March 14, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Kato,  S., and Widiyanto,  A., 1999, “A Life Cycle Assessment Scheme for Environmental Load of Power Generation Systems with NETS Evaluation Method,” Proc. of IJPGC 1999, ASME, I , pp. 139–145.
Heijungs, R. Ed., 1992, “Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Products-Guide and Background (English Ed.),” Leiden: Center of Environmental Science.
Steen, B., and Ryding, S. O., 1992, “The EPS Enviro-Accounting Method; An Application of Environmental Accounting Principles for Evaluation and Valuation of Environmental Impact in Product Design,” Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL) Report.
Kato,  S., Nikai,  Y., Maruyama,  N., Takai,  H., Widiyanto,  A., and Kojima,  Y., 1999, “A Proposal of ESS-NETS and Its Application for Industrial Products (in Japanese),” Proc. of ’99 Symposium on Environmental Engineering, pp. 360–364.
Kato,  S., Maruyama,  N., Nikai,  Y., Takai,  H., Kojima,  Y., and Widiyanto,  A., 1999, “LCA Estimation Scheme Aiming at Compromising Compatibility between Environmental Load and Economical Cost for Co-generation Eco-operation,” Proc. of ECOS’99, pp. 276–281.
Anonymous, 2000, “EDMC 2000, Energy and Economic Statistic in Japan,” The Energy Data and Modeling Center.
Anonymous, 1999, “Energy Statistics Yearbook 1999,” United Nations Press.
Kaneko,  S., , 1997, “Operation Results of the Air Blown Entrained Flow Gasifier,” Proc. of International Conference of Engineering 97, 1 , pp. 119–124
Sato,  S., Ota,  K., Furuya,  T., Koyama,  Y., and Hashimoto,  A., 2000, “Current Status of Research and Development in IGCC Demonstration Plant (in Japanese),” Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Technical Review, 37, No. 1, pp. 25–28.
Kaneko, S., Ohta, K., Furuya, T. Shinada, O., and Hashimoto, A., 1999, “Design of IGCC Demonstration Plant (in Japanese),” Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Technical Reviews, 36 , No. 1, pp. 21–24.
Horiuchi, K., 2000, “Test Operation of Osaki PFBC System (in Japanese),” Proc. The 7th Symposium on Power and Energy Technology 2000, JSME, pp. 85–90.

Figures

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Generated electricity by plant type in Japan (1998)
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ELM values due to grid electricity in Japan (1998)
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Co-generation system employed here
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Gas Turbine Performance
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Typical ICON display to setup co-generation unit of interest
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Energy demand of 4 hotels and 8 office buildings
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Operating rate of each gas turbine in a summer day
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Operating rate of each gas turbine in a winter day
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Hourly Eco-Load values of each system
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Running cost during optimized operation
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Annual running cost for each system
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Overall energy efficiency

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