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TECHNICAL PAPERS

A CFD Based Correlation for Erosion Factor for Long-Radius Elbows and Bends

[+] Author and Article Information
Jianrong Wang

Mechanical Engineering Department, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK 74104

Siamack A. Shirazi

Mechanical Engineering Department, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK 74104e-mail: siamack-shirazi@utulsa.edu

J. Energy Resour. Technol 125(1), 26-34 (Mar 14, 2003) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1514674 History: Received February 01, 2001; Revised June 01, 2002; Online March 14, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Venkatesh, E. S., 1986, “Erosion Damage in Oil and Gas Wells,” SPE Paper 15183.
Mills, D., and Manson, J. S., 1975, “Learning to Live With Erosion of Bends,” First International Conference on the Inter and External Protection of Pipes, Paper G1.
Bikbiaev,  F. A., Maksimenko,  M. I., Berezin,  V. L., Krasnov,  V. L., and Zhilinskii,  I. B., 1972, “Wear on Branches in Pneumatic Conveying Ducting,” Chemical Petroleum Engineering, 8 , pp. 465–466.
Bikbiaev,  K. A., Krasnov,  V. I., Maksimenko,  M. I., Berezin,  V. L., Zhilinskii,  I. B., and Otroshko,  N. T., 1973, “Main Factors Affecting Gas Abrasive Wear of Elbows in Pneumatic Conveying Pipes,” Chemical Petroleum Engineering, 9 , pp. 73–75.
Flemmer, C. L., Flemmer, R. L. C., Means, K., and Johnson, E. K., 1988, “The Erosion of Pipe Bends,” The 1988 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, pp. 93–98.
Bourgoyne Jr., A. T., 1989, “Experimental Study of Erosion in Diverter Systems due to Sand Production,” SPE/IADC 18716.
Tolle, G. C., and Greenwood, D. R., 1977, “Design of Pipe Fittings to Reduce Wear Caused by Sand Erosion,” API OSAPER Project No. 6, Texas A&M Research Foundation.
Eyler, R. L., 1987, “Design and Analysis of a Pneumatic Flow Loop,” M.S. thesis, West Virginia University.
Ahlert, K. R., 1994, “Effects of Particle Impingement Angle and Surface Wetting on Solid Particle Erosion on ANSI 1018 Steel,” M.S. thesis, The University of Tulsa.
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Wang,  J., and Shirazi,  S. A., 2000, “A Simultaneous Variable Solution Procedure for Laminar and Turbulent Flows in Curved Channels and Bends,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 122, pp. 552–559.
Kim., Wu. J., and Patel, V. C., 1993, “An Experimental Study of Boundary-Later Flow in A Curved Rectangular Duct,” Data for Validation of CFD codes, (and ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering Data Bank), FED-Vol. 146, pp. 13–28.
Clark,  H. McI., and Burmeister,  L. C., 1992, “The Influence of the Squeeze Film on Particle Impact Velocities in Erosion,” Int. J. Impact Eng., 12(3), pp. 415–426.
Brand, L., 1947, “Vector and Tensor Analysis,” John Wiley and Sons, Inc., pp. 359–360.
Grant,  G., and Tabakoff,  W., 1975, “Erosion Prediction in Turbomachinary Resulting From Environmental Solid Particles,” J. Aircr., 12(5), pp. 471–478.
Jun, Y-D., and Tabakoff, W., 1992, “Numerical Simulation of a Dilute Particulate Flow over Tube Banks,” Multiphase Flow in Wells and Pipelines, Winter Annual Meeting of ASME, Anaheim, CA, pp. 125–133.
Mclaughlin, M., 1968, “Experimental Study of Particle Wall Collisions Relating to Flow of Solid Particles in A Fluid,” Ph.D. thesis, California Institute of Technology, CA.
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Shirazi,  S. A., Shadley,  J. R., Mclaury,  B. S., and Rybicki,  E. F., 1995, “A Procedure to Predict Solid Particle Erosion in Elbows and Tees,” J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 117, pp. 45–52.

Figures

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Definition of restitution of rebound
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Velocity profiles in 90 degree bend
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Velocity measurement locations in a bend
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Comparison of model predicted penetration rates and experimental data of Bourgoyne
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Comparison of predicted penetration rates and experimental data of Tolle and Greenwood
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Comparison of predicted trend of penetration rates for an elbow with Eyler data
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Comparison of predicted penetration rates for two different r/D elbows with Bikbiaev data
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Predicted particle impact angle and impact number in the outer wall of bends
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Comparison of elbow radius factor for long radius elbow with experimental data and particle tracking (P.T.) results
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Comparison of simplified ERFr/D model prediction with P.T. results
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Comparison of simplified ERFr/D model prediction with P.T. results for oil
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Comparison of simplified ERFr/D model prediction with P.T. results for water

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