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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Counter-Current and Co-Current Gas Kicks in “Horizontal” Wells: Non-Newtonian Rheology Effects

[+] Author and Article Information
H. Baca

Phillips Petroleum Company

D. E. Nikitopoulos

Center for Turbine Innovations and Energy Research (TIER), Mechanical Engineering Department, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA

J. R. Smith, A. T. Bourgoyne

Petroleum Engineering Department, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA

J. Energy Resour. Technol 125(1), 51-60 (Mar 14, 2003) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1555659 History: Received February 01, 2001; Revised July 01, 2002; Online March 14, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Figures

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Schematic depiction of horizontal well (a), section of horizontal well where counter-current gas flow may result (b), and experimental facility for low-pressure simulation of well-section with counter-current flow (c).
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Measured co-current and counter-current flow-map boundaries for gas-liquid flows in “horizontal” wells at various dip-angles and for three different liquid rheologies. (a) water/air, (b) thin-polymer/air, (c) thick-polymer/air.
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Dip-angle effect on downwards water/air, two-phase flow in an inclined-pipe with eccentric annular cross-section and gas injection in the middle of the pipe length; counter-current gas flow fraction (a), counter-current gas void fraction (b) and slip ratio (c); current gas void fraction (d) and slip ratio (e).
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Dip-angle effect on downwards thin-polymer/air, two-phase flow in an inclined-pipe with eccentric annular cross-section and gas injection in the middle of the pipe length; counter-current gas flow fraction (a), counter-current gas void fraction (b) and slip ratio (c); current gas void fraction (d) and slip ratio (e).
Grahic Jump Location
Dip-angle effect on downwards thick-polymer/air, two-phase flow in an inclined-pipe with eccentric annular cross-section and gas injection in the middle of the pipe length; counter-current gas flow fraction (a), counter-current gas void fraction (b) and slip ratio (c); current gas void fraction (d) and slip ratio (e).

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