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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Evaluation of Energy, Environmental, and Economic Characteristics of Fuel Cell Combined Heat and Power Systems for Residential Applications

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Burak Gunes, Michael W. Ellis

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061

J. Energy Resour. Technol 125(3), 208-220 (Aug 29, 2003) (13 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1595112 History: Received June 01, 2002; Revised April 01, 2003; Online August 29, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Energy Information Administration, 2001, “1997 Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Housing Characteristics,” http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/recs/recs97_hc/97tblhp.html (accessed: June, 2002).
Ellis, M. W., 2002, Fuel Cells for Building Applications, ASHRAE, Atlanta, GA.
Hoven, J. A., 1993, “Residential Cogeneration System Development,” GRI-94/0029, Gas Reseach Institute.
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Krist, K., and Gleason, K. J., 1999, “SOFC-based Residential Cogeneration Systems,” Electrochemical Society Proceedings, 99 (19), pp. 107–115.
Teagan, W. P., Wilson, R. P., Mathias, S., and Frantzis, L., 1986, “System and Technology Concept Generation for Small Commercial/Residential Cogeneration Applications,” GRI-Report # 86/0224, Gas Research Institute.
Becker,  B. R., and Stogsdill,  K. E., 1990, “Domestic Hot Water Use Database,” ASHRAE J., 32(9), pp. 21–25.
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Kulp, G., 2001, “Issues in PEM Fuel Cell Air Management,” Masters Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia.
Little, Arthur D., 1994, “Multi-Fuel Reformers for Fuel Cells Used in Transportation,” Department of Energy: DOE/CE/50343-2, Arthur D. Little, Cambridge, MA.
ASHRAE, 1999, HVAC Applications Handbook, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, GA.
Pontikakis,  N., and Ruth Douglas,  W., 1994, “Electrical Residential Water Heating: A Consumption and Conservation Survey,” ASHRAE Trans., 100(2), pp. 74–91.
Gunes, M. B., 2001, “Investigation of a Fuel Cell Based Total Energy System for Residential Applications,” Masters Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA.
Energy Information Administration, 2001, “Annual Energy Review,” DOE/EIA-0384(2000), Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
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R. S. Means Company Inc., 1998, Mechanical Cost Data, R. S. Means Company, Inc., Kingston, MA.
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Figures

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Lights and appliances load profile
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Residential domestic hot water use
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Energy use for peak cooling days
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Energy use for peak heating days
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Fuel cell based combined heat and power system diagram
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Fuel cell system diagram
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Fuel cell system performance at part load
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Thermal storage tank diagram
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Annual FCCHP energy use by service
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Load duration curves and CHP efficiency
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Life cycle costs of residential energy systems

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