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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Propagation of Turbulent Natural Gas/Air Flames in Tubing With 90° Bends

[+] Author and Article Information
Michael D. Morgan

University of Calgary, Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, 2500 University Drive, NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada

S. A. (Raj) Mehta

University of Calgary, Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, 2500 University Drive, NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada

T. J. Al-Himyary

University of Calgary, Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, 2500 University Drive, NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada

R. G. (Gord) Moore

University of Calgary, Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, 2500 University Drive, NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada

J. Energy Resour. Technol 125(4), 304-310 (Nov 18, 2003) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1619431 History: Received April 01, 2002; Revised May 01, 2003; Online November 18, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Borman, G. L., and Ragland, K. W., 1998, “Combustion Engineering,” McGraw-Hill.
Liñán, A., and Williams, F. A., 1997, “Fundamental Aspects of Combustion,” Oxford Engineering Sciences Series 34, Oxford University Press.
Sokolik, A. S., 1963, “Self-Ignition Flame and Detonation in Gases,” Israel Program for Scientific Translations.
Stull,  D. R., 1977, “Fundamentals of Fire and Explosion,” American Institute of Chemical Engineers, AIChE Monograph Series 73, No. 10.
Williams, F. A., 1985, “Combustion Theory: The Fundamental Theory of Chemically Reacting Flow Systems,” Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc.
Perkins,  T. K., and Euchner,  J. A., 1987, “Safe Purging of Natural Gas Pipelines,” Society of Petroleum Engineers, SPE Paper 16184 SPHERE 1988, pp. 663.
Bollinger, L. M., and Williams, D. T., 1948, “Effect of Reynolds Number in the Turbulent-Flow Range on Flame Speeds of Bunsen-Burner Flame,” NACA TM-1707, Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.
Olson, W. T., 1958, “Basic Considerations in the Combustion of Hydrocarbon Fuels With Air,” NACAR 1300, Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.
Shy, S. S., Lin, W. J., and Wei, J. C., 1999, “Turbulent Burning Velocities of CH4-Air Mixtures in a New Turbulent Flow System,” 17th International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosions and Reactive Systems, Heidelberg, Germany.
Sato, K. S., Sakai, Y., and Chiga, M., 1996, “Flame Propagation Along 90 Bend in an Open Duct,” 26th Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, pp. 931–937.
Sobiesiak, A., and McAlary, G., 1999, “Flame Propagation in Straight Channel With 90 Curved Section,” 17th International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosions and Reactive Systems, Heidelberg, Germany.
Zamashchikov, V. V., 1997, “Experimental Investigation of Gas Combustion Regimes in Narrow Tubes,” Combustion and Flame, The Combustion Institute, 108 , pp. 357–359.
Dunn-Rankin, D., and McCann, M. A., 2000, “Overpressures From Nondetonating, Baffle-Accelerated Turbulent Flames in Tubes,” Combustion and Flame, The Combustion Institute, 120 , pp. 504–514.
Leason,  D. B., 1951, “Turbulence and Flame Propagation in Premixed Gases,” Fuel, 10, pp. 233–239, October.
Lindstedt, R. P., and Michels, H. J., 1989, “Deflagration to Detonation Transitions and Strong Deflagrations in Alkane and Alkene Air Mixtures,” Combustion and Flame, 76 , pp. 169–181.
Catlin, C. A., Fairweather, M., and Ibrahim, S. S., 1995, “Predictions of Turbulent, Premixed Flame Propagation in Explosion Tubes,” Combustion and Flame, The Combustion Institute, 102 , pp. 115–128.
Johnson, D. M., and Vasey, M. W., 1996, “The Prevention and Mitigation of Gas Explosions,” International Conference on Health, Safety & Environment, Society of Petroleum Engineers, SPE Paper 35810, New Orleans, Louisiana, 9–12 June.
Bruneaux, G., Akselvoll, K., Poinsot, T., and Ferziger, J. H., 1996, “Flame-Wall Interaction Simulation in a Turbulent Channel Flow,” Combustion and Flame, The Combustion Institute, 107 , pp. 27–44.
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Potter, A. E., Jr., and Berlad, A. L., 1954, “A Thermal Equation for Flame Quenching,” NACAR 1264, Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.
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Lieuwen, T., and Rajaram, R., “Acoustic Radiation From Premixed Flames Subjected to Convected Flow Disturbances,” 40th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Paper AIAA-02-0480, Reno, Nevada, 14–17 January, 2002.
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Crane eds., 1984, “Flow of Fluids Through Valves, Fittings, and Pipe,” Technical Paper 410M, Crane Canada Inc.: Valve & Industrial Div., Montréal.

Figures

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Schematic Diagram of the Experimental Setup
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Isometric Sketch of Combustion Chamber
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Typical Pressure Response (9% NG, 7 scfpm, 5 psig)
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Typical Pressure Variance (9% NG, 7 scfpm, 5 psig)
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Typical Temperature Response (9% NG, 7 scpfm, 5 psig)
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Pressure Response with Downstream Combustion (9% NG, 10 scfpm, 5 psig)
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Pressure Variance with Downstream Combustion (9% NG, 10 scfpm, 5 psig)
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Temperature Response with Downstream Combustion (9% NG, 10 scfpm, 5 psig)
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Effect of Back Pressure on Maximum Pressure (9% NG, 3 scfpm)
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Effect of Fuel Concentration on Maximum Pressure (3 scfpm, 5 psig)
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Effect of Flow Rate on Maximum Pressure (9% NG, 5 psig)
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Turbulent Burning Velocity as a Function of Re

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