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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Calculating Benzene Concentration Emitted During Tanker Loading

[+] Author and Article Information
Takahiro Majima

Environment and Energy Department, National Maritime Research Institute, 6-38-1, Shinkawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0004, Japan

Hiroshi Yamanouchi

Environment and Energy Department, National Maritime Research Institute, 6-38-1, Shinkawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0004, Japan

Katsuji Yamaguchi

Environment and Energy Department, National Maritime Research Institute, 6-38-1, Shinkawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0004, Japan

J. Energy Resour. Technol 126(1), 6-12 (May 04, 2004) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1649247 History: Received March 01, 2002; Revised October 01, 2003; Online May 04, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Figures

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499 Gross Tons Chemical Tanker
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Schematic of Diffusion in Cargo Tank
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Experimental Equipment, (a) Schematic Flow Diagram, (b) 1/10 Scale Model of Cargo Tank
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Results of “Circulation Method”, Concentration Profile in the Vertical Direction (a) S=11 mm, (b) S=6 mm
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Results of Trial and Error Process for c*, Concentration Profile in the Vertical Direction (a) S=11 mm, (b) S=6 mm
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Results of “Loading Method”, Surface Level versus Emission Concentration, (a) QL=3.2 L/min, (b) QL=12 L/min
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Calculation Chart for Coefficient ζ (a) Relationship between ζ and Surface Level, S (b) Reynolds Number and Gradient of ζ, when S/DT>0.55
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Sampling Position for Onboard Measurement
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Comparison of the Emission Concentration between Model and Experimental Data

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