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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Development of Thermodynamic, Geometric, and Economic Models for Use in the Optimal Synthesis/Design of a PEM Fuel Cell Cogeneration System for Multi-Unit Residential Applications

[+] Author and Article Information
Borja Oyarzábal, Michael W. Ellis, Michael R. von Spakovsky

Center for Energy Systems Research, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061e-mail: mwellis@vt.edu

J. Energy Resour. Technol 126(1), 21-29 (May 04, 2004) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1647130 History: Received February 01, 2003; Revised October 01, 2003; Online May 04, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Oyarzabal, B., von Spakovsky, M. R., and Ellis, M. W., 2002, “The Optimal Synthesis/Design of a PEM Fuel Cell Cogeneration System for Multi-Unit Residential Applications—Application of a Decomposition Strategy,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., ASME, N.Y., N.Y., accepted for publication.
Jianguo, X., and Gilbert, F. F., 1989, “Methane Steam Reforming, Methanation and Water-Gas Shift: I. Intrinsic Kinetics,” AIChE J., 35 (1).
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Georgopoulos, N. G., 2002, “Application of a Decomposition Strategy to the Optimal Synthesis/Design and Operation of a Fuel Cell Based Total Energy System,” M.S. Thesis, Department Of Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute And State University, Blacksburg, Virginia.
Georgopoulos, N., von Spakovsky, M. R., and Munoz, J. R., 2002, “A Decomposition Strategy Based on Thermoeconomic Isolation Applied to the Optimal Synthesis/Design and Operation of a Fuel Cell Based Total Energy System,” International Mechanical Engineering Congress And Exposition—IMECE’2002, ASME Paper No. 33320, N.Y., N.Y., November.
Moran, M. J., and Shapiro, H. N., 1996, Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, 3rd edition, New York: John Wiley & Sons.
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Munoz, J. R., and von Spakovsky, M. R., 2001, “The Application of Decomposition to the Large-Scale Synthesis/Design Optimization of Aircraft Energy Systems,” International Journal of Applied Thermodynamics, 5 (1).
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Figures

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PEMFC system configuration (components are identified in Table 1)
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Equilibrium compositions at the outlet of the SR reactor calculated using the SR model (outlet pressure of 3 atm; steam to methane ratio of 3)
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Effect of the number of residences on the optimal PEMFC system costs
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Effect of manufacturing volume on the optimal PEMFC system costs
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Variation of fuel stream composition within the optimal FPS
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Energy end use for the optimal PEMFC cogeneration system

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