0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

A Dynamic Model for the Design of Methanol to Hydrogen Steam Reformers for Transportation Applications

[+] Author and Article Information
Gregory L. Ohl

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2125

Jeffrey L. Stein

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2125

Gene E. Smith

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2125

J. Energy Resour. Technol 126(2), 149-158 (Jun 22, 2004) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1739413 History: Received February 01, 2002; Revised November 01, 2003; Online June 22, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Kumar, R., Krumpelt, M., and Misra, B., Fuel Cells for Vehicular Propulsion Applications: A Thermodynamic Systems Analysis, 24th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, August 6–11, 1989, Crystal City, Washington, DC, paper #CONF-890815—26, 1989.
Patil, P. G. et al., National Program Plan: Fuel Cells in Transportation, Executive Summary, document #DOE/CH-9301a, February 1993.
Huff, J. R., Fuel Cell Powerplants for Transportation Applications, Presentation at the Seventh Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, January 21–23, 1992, and Publications and Proceedings, paper #LA-UR—91-3900, 1992.
Helms, H. E., and Haley, P. J., Development of a PEM Fuel Cell System for Vehicular Application, Society of Automotive Engineers paper #921541, 1992.
Ahmed, S., Kumar, R., and Krumpelt, M., Development of a Catalytic Partial Oxidation Reformer for Methanol Used in Fuel Cell Propulsion Systems, 1994 Fuel Cell Seminar, November 28–December 1, 1994, San Diego, CA, Program and Abstracts, December 1994.
Loftus, P., Thijssen, J., Bentley, J., and Bowman, J., Development of a Multi-Fuel Partial Oxidation Reformer for Transportation Applications, 1994 Fuel Cell Seminar, November 28–December 1, 1994, San Diego, CA, Program and Abstracts, December 1994.
Geyer, H. K., Ahluwalia, R., Krumpelt, M., and Kumar, R., Transportation Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Systems for Different On-Board Fuels, 1994 Fuel Cell Seminar, November 28–December 1, 1994, San Diego, CA, Program and Abstracts, December 1994.
Amphlett, J. C., Mann, R. F., Peppley, B. A., and Stokes, D. M., Some Design Considerations for a Catalytic Methanol Steam Reformer for a PEM Fuel Cell Power Generating System, The 26th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (3), Proceedings, pp. 642–649, 1991.
Vanderborgh, N. E., McFarland, R. D., and Huff, J. R., Advanced System Analysis for Indirect Methanol Fuel Cell Power Plants for Transportation Applications, 1990 Fuel Cell Seminar, November 25–28, 1990, Phoenix, AZ, Proceedings, paper #LA-UR—90-3356, November 1990.
Thérien, N., and Tessier, P., Modeling and Simulation of the Catalytic Decomposition of Methanol in a Fixed Bed Reactor, Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 65, pp. 950–957, December 1987 (in French).
Ohl, G. L., Dynamic Analyses Of A Methanol To Hydrogen Steam Reformer For Transportation Applications, Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, The University of Michigan, 1995.
Ohl, G. L., Stein, J. L., and Smith, G. E., Fundamental Factors in the Design of a Fast Responding Methanol to Hydrogen Steam Reformer for Transportation Applications, Transactions of the ASME: Journal of Energy Resources Technology, vol. 118, no. 2, June 1996.
Amphlett, J. C., Evans, M. J., Mann, R. F., and Weir, R. D., Hydrogen Production by the Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methanol—Part 2: Kinetics of Methanol Decomposition Using Girdler G66B Catalyst, Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 63, pp. 605–611, August 1985.
Amphlett, J. C., Mann, R. F., and Weir, R. D., Hydrogen Production by the Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methanol—Part 3: Kinetics of Methanol Decomposition Using C18HC Catalyst, Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 66, pp. 950–956, December 1988.
Jiang, C. J., Trimm, D. L., and Wainwright, M. S., Kinetic Mechanism for the Reaction Between Methanol and Water Over aCu-ZnO-Al2O3Catalyst, Applied Catalysis A: General, vol. 97, pp. 145–158, 1993.
Pour, V., Bartoň, J., and Benda, A., Kinetics of a Catalyzed Reaction of Methanol with Water Vapor, Collection Czechoslov. Chem. Commun., vol. 40, pp. 2923–2934, 1975.
Santacesaria, E., and Carrà, S., Kinetics of Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methanol in a CSTR Reactor, Applied Catalysis, vol. 5, pp. 345–358, 1983.
Fogler, H. S., Elements of Chemical Reactor Engineering, second edition, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1992.
Swathirajan, S., General Motors Program on Fuel Cell R&D for Vehicles, 1994 Fuel Cell Seminar, November 28–December 1, 1994, San Diego, CA, Program and Abstracts, December 1994.
Press, W. H., Teukolsky, S. A., Vetterling, W. T., and Flannery, B. P., Numerical Recipes in FORTRAN: The Art of Scientific Computing, second edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Powell, M. J. D., Algorithms for Nonlinear Constraints That Use Lagrangian Functions, Mathematical Programming, Vol. 14, pp. 224–248, 1978.
VMCON, NESC No. 922.370, VMCON Tape Description, National Energy Software Center Note 81-29, March 23, 1981, NESC0922/01.
Sundaresan, M., Ramaswamy, S., and Moore, R. M., Steam Reformer/Burner Integration and Analysis for an Indirect Methanol Fuel Cell Vehicle Fuel Processor, SAE Technical Paper Series 2001-01-0539, published by SAE International, Warrendale, PA, March 2001.
Crane, R. C., Hilstrom, K. E., and Minkoff, M., Solution of the General Nonlinear Programming Problem with Subroutine VMCON, 1982.
Kumar, R., Ahmed, S., Krumpelt, M., and Myles, K. M., Methanol Reformers For Fuel Cell Powered Vehicles: Some Design Considerations, paper #CONF-901106—3, December 1990.
Yaws, C. L., Physical Properties—A Guide to the Physical, Thermodynamic, and Transport Property Data of Industrially Important Chemical Compounds, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Hydrogen flow rate profile comparison of non-optimal vs. optimal designs
Grahic Jump Location
The shift reformer calculation strategy
Grahic Jump Location
The design optimization
Grahic Jump Location
The basic steam reformer system

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In