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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Flow Patterns in Heavy Crude Oil-Water Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
Antonio C. Bannwart

UNICAMP, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Dept. of Petroleum Engineering, State University of Campinas–UNICAMP, Cx. P. 6122, 13083-970, Campinas, SP, Brazile-mail: bannwart@dep.fem.unicamp.br

Oscar M. H. Rodriguez

UNICAMP, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Dept. of Energy

Carlos H. M. de Carvalho

PETROBRAS-CENPES

Isabela S. Wang, Rosa M. O. Vara

UNICAMP, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Dept. of Petroleum Engineering

J. Energy Resour. Technol 126(3), 184-189 (Oct 19, 2004) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1789520 History: Received March 06, 2001; Revised February 16, 2003; Online October 19, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Vanegas Prada, J. W., and Bannwart, A. C., 2000, “Modeling of Vertical Core Annular Flows and Application to Heavy Oil Production,” ETCE2000 & OMAE2000 Joint Conference, CD-ROM, February 14–17, New Orleans, LA.
Charles,  M. E., Govier,  G. W., and Hodgson,  G. W., 1961, “The Horizontal Pipeline Flow of Equal Density Oil-Water Mixtures,” Can. J. Chem. Eng., 39(1), pp. 27–36.
Flores, J. G., Chen, X. T., Sarica, C., and Brill, J. P. 1997, “Characterization of Oil-Water Flow Patterns in Vertical and Deviated Wells,” paper SPE 38810, SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, TX, 5–8 October.
Trallero, J. L., Sarica, C., and Brill, J. P., 1997, “A Study of Oil/Water Flow Patterns in Horizontal Pipes,” SPE Production & Facilities, SPE 36609, August.
Brauner, N., and Moalem Maron, D., 1999, “Classification of Liquid-Liquid Two-Phase Flow Systems and The Prediction of Flow Pattern Maps,” 2nd International Symposium on Two-Phase Flow Modeling and Experimentation–ISTP’99, Vol. 2, pp. 747–754, Pisa, Italy.
Bannwart, A. C., 1999, “The Role of Surface Tension in Core-Annular Flow,” 2nd International Symposium on Two-Phase Flow Modeling and Experimentation–ISTP’99, Vol. 2, pp. 1297–1302, Pisa, Italy.
Bai, R., 1995, “Traveling Waves in a High Viscosity Ratio and Axisymmetric Core Annular Flow,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Minnesota.
Taitel,  Y., Barnea,  D., and Dukler,  A. E., 1980, “Modeling Flow Pattern Transitions for Steady Upward Gas-Liquid Flow in Vertical Tubes,” AIChE J., 26, pp. 345–354.
Taitel,  Y., and Dukler,  A. E., 1976, “A Model for Predicting Flow Regime Transitions in Horizontal and Near Horizontal Gas-Liquid Flow,” AIChE J., 22, pp. 47–55.
Joseph,  D. D., Renardy,  M., and Renardy,  Y., 1984, “Instability of the Flow of Two Immiscible Liquids with Different Viscosities in a Pipe,” J. Fluid Mech., 141, pp. 309–317.
Joseph,  D. D., Bannwart,  A. C., and Liu,  Y. J., 1996, “Stability of Annular Flow and Slugging,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 22, pp. 1247–1254.
Bannwart,  A. C., 2001, “Bubble Analogy and Stabilization of Core-Annular Flow,” J. Energy Resour. Technol., 123, pp. 127–132.
Clift, R., Grace, J. R., and Weber, M. E., 1978, “Bubbles, Drops and Particles,” Academic Press, New York.
Rodriguez, O. M. H., and Bannwart, A. C., 2000, “The Geometry of Interfacial Waves in Vertical Core-Annular Flow,” International Symposium on Multiphase Flow and Transport Phenomena–MFTP-2000, 5–10 November, 2000, Antalya, Turkey.
Oliemans, R. V. A., 1986. “The Lubricating-Film Model for Core-Annular Flow,” Ph.D. thesis, Technische Hogeschool Delft, Delft University Press, The Netherlands.
Vanegas Prada, J. W., 1999, “Experimental Study of The Annular Oil-Water (“Core-Flow”) for Artificial Lift of Heavy Oils” (in Portuguese) M.Sc. thesis, School of Mechanical Engineering, State University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.

Figures

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Schematic view of the oil-water flow apparatus
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Typical base flow patterns in the vertical pipe
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Wavy annular flow pattern (AO) in the vertical pipe (Jo=0.36 m/s,Jw=0.05 m/s)
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Typical combined flow patterns in the vertical pipe
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Typical base flow patterns record in the horizontal pipe
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Comparison between stratified and annular flow patterns
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Typical annular sub-patterns in the horizontal pipe
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Combined horizontal flow pattern

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