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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Innovative Diffusion Driven Desalination Process

[+] Author and Article Information
James F. Klausner

University of Florida, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Gainesville, Florida 32611

Yi Li

University of Florida, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Gainesville, Florida 32611

Mohamed Darwish

University of Florida, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Gainesville, Florida 32611

Renwei Mei

University of Florida, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Gainesville, Florida 32611

J. Energy Resour. Technol 126(3), 219-225 (Oct 19, 2004) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1786927 History: Received January 22, 2003; Revised December 16, 2003; Online October 19, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Pantell, S. E., 1993, Seawater Desalination in California, a report by the California Coastal Commission, available at web link www.coastal.ca.gov/desalrpt/dtitle.html.
Bourouni,  K. M., Chaibi,  M. T., and Tadrist,  L., 2001, “Water Desalination by Humidification and Dehumidification of Air: State of the Art,” Desalination, 137(1–3), pp. 167–176.
Al-Hallaj,  S., Farid,  M. M., and Tamimi,  A. R., 1998, “Solar Desalination with a Humidification-dehumidification Cycle: Performance of the Unit,” Desalination, 120(3), pp. 273–280.
Assouad,  Y., and Lavan,  Z., 1988, “Solar Desalination with Latent Heat Recovery,” Sol. Energy, 110(1), pp. 14–16.
Larson,  R. L., Albers,  W., Beckman,  J., and Freeman,  S., 1989, “The Carrier-gas Process-A New Desalination and Concentration Technology,” Desalination, 73, pp. 119–137.
Al-Hallaj, S., and Selman, J. R., A Comprehensive Study of Solar Desalination with a Humidification-Dehumidification Cycle, 2002, a report by the Middle East Desalination Research Center, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.
Bharathan, D., Parsons, B. K., and Althof, J. A., 1988, “Direct-Contact Condensers for Open-Cycle OTEC Applications,” National Renewable Energy Laboratory Report SERI/TP-252-3108 for DOE Contract No. DE-AC02-83CH10093.
Bharathan, D., Parent, A., and Hassani, A. V., 1999, “Method and Apparatus for High-Efficiency Direct Contact Condensation,” U.S. Patent 5,925,291.
Sonntag, R. E., Borgnakke, C., and Van Wylen, C. J., 2003, Fundamentals of Thermodynamics, 6th edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Bullard,  C. W., and Klausner,  J. F., 1987, “Empirical Analysis of Power Plant Siting,” Energy Systems and Policy, 11, pp. 103–120.
El-Wakil, M. M., 1984, Power Plant Technology, McGraw-Hill, New York, p. 228.

Figures

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Flow diagram for diffusion driven desalination process
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Rate of entropy generation for different exit air temperature, TH=27°C
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Variation of exit brine temperature with exit air temperature, TH=27°C
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Fresh water production efficiency, TH=27°C
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Rate of entropy generation for different exit air temperature, TH=50°C
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Rate of entropy generation for different exit air temperature, TH=80°C
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Variation of exit brine temperature with exit air temperature, TH=50°C
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Variation of exit brine temperature with exit air temperature, TH=80°C
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Fresh water production efficiency, TH=50°C
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Fresh water production efficiency, TH=80°C
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Rate of energy consumption, TH=50°C
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Rate of energy consumption, TH=80°C
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Minimum rate of energy consumption for different TH

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