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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Local Velocity Measurements and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Simulations of Swirling Flow in a Cylindrical Cyclone Separator

[+] Author and Article Information
Ferhat M. Erdal, Siamack A. Shirazi

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74104

J. Energy Resour. Technol 126(4), 326-333 (Dec 21, 2004) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1805539 History: Received March 05, 2001; Revised April 13, 2004; Online December 21, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Nissan,  A. H., and Bresa,  V. P., 1961, “Swirling Flow in Cylinders,” AIChE J., 7, pp. 543–547.
Ito,  S., Ogawa,  K., and Kuroda,  C., 1979, “Decay Process of Swirling Flow in a Circular Pipe,” Int. Chem. Eng., 19, pp. 600–611.
Algifri,  A. H., Bhardwaj,  R. K., and Rao,  Y. V. N., 1988, “Turbulence Measurements in Decaying Swirl Flow in a Pipe,” Appl. Sci. Res., 45, January, pp. 233–250.
Kitoh,  O., 1991, “Experimental Study of Turbulent Swirling Flow in a Straight Pipe,” J. Fluid Mech., 225, pp. 445–479.
Yu,  S. C. M., and Kito,  O., 1994, “General Formulation for the Decay of Swirling Motion Along a Straight Pipe,” Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transfer, 21, pp. 719–728.
Chang,  F., and Dhir,  V. K., 1994, “Turbulent Flow Field in Tangentially Injected Swirl Flows in Tubes,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 15, pp. 346–356.
Erdal,  F. M., Shirazi,  S. A., Shoham,  O., and Kouba,  G., 1997, “CFD Simulation of Single-Phase and Two-Phase in Gas-Liquid Cylindrical Cyclone Separators,” SPE J., 2, pp. 436–446.
Motta, B. R., Erdal, F. M., Shirazi, S. A., Shoham, O., and Rhyne, L. D., 1997, “Simulation of Single-phase and Two-Phase Flow in Gas-Liquid Cylindrical Cyclone Separators,” Proceedings of the ASME Summer Meeting, Fluid Eng. Division, Vancouver, Canada, June 22–26.
Erdal, F. M., Mantilla, I., Shirazi, S. A, and Shoham, O., 1998, “CFD Study of Bubble Cary-Under in Gas-Liquid Cylindrical Cyclone Separators,” paper SPE 49309, presented at the 1998 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition New Orleans, LA, Sept. 27–30.
Gomez, L., Mohan, R., Shoham, O., and Kouba, G., 1998, “Enhanced Mechanistic Model and Field Application Design of Gas-Liquid Cylindrical Cyclone Separator,” SPE 49174, presented at the SPE 73rd Annual Meeting, New Orleans, September 27–30.
Mantilla,  I., Shirazi,  S., and Shoham,  O., 1998, “Flow Field Prediction and Bubble Trajectory Model in GLCC Separators,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 121, March, pp. 9–14.
Erdal, F. M., 2001, “Local Measurements and Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations in a Gas-Liquid Cylindrical Cyclone Separator,” Ph.D. dissertation, The University Of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
CFX-4.2, 1997, CFX 4.2 Flow Solver, AEA Technology, Oxfordshire, U.K.
Burden, T. L., 2000, “Laser Doppler Velocimeter Measurements For Validation Of Turbulence Modeling In Choke Geometries,” M.S. thesis, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.

Figures

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Tangential velocity profile at 318 mm below the inlet (16.4 m3/h)
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Measured tangential color contour plot comparison with CFD simulations (16.4 m3/h)
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Measured axial color contour plot comparison with CFD simulations (16.4 m3/h) in a horizontal plane at 343 mm below The inlet.
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Turbulent kinetic energy profile at 318 mm below the inlet (16.4 m3/h)
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Measured axial velocity profiles (16.4 m3/h)
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Color contours of axial and tangential velocities and turbulent kinetic energy (16.4 m3/h)
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Construction of horizontal plane color contour plot of axial and absolute tangential velocities (16.4 m3/h)
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Horizontal plane color contour plot of axial and absolute tangential velocities at 318–467 mm below the inlet (16.4 m3/h)
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Horizontal plane color contour plots of axial velocity (16.4 m3/h)
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Measured axial color contour plot comparison with CFD simulations (16.4 m3/h)
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Schematic of gas-liquid cylindrical cyclone separator configuration
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Schematic of experimental facility
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GLCC© test section and LDV measurement plane
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Axial velocity profile at 318 mm below the inlet (16.4 m3/h)

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