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Research Papers: Air Emissions From Fossil Fuel Combustion

Physicochemical Properties and Combustion Performance of Gas Oil–Fuel Additives

[+] Author and Article Information
V. Pirouzfar

Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University, East Tehran Campus, Tehran, 33955163, Iran

A. Zarringhalam Moghaddam

Department of Chemical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, 1411713116, Iran e-mail: zarrin@modares.ac.ir

B. Mirza

Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University, East Tehran Campus, Tehran, 33955163, Iran

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Internal Combustion Engine Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Energy Resources Technology. Manuscript received January 10, 2011; final manuscript received August 18, 2012; published online October 19, 2012. Assoc. Editor: Gunnar Tamm.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 134(4), 041101 (Oct 19, 2012) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4007483 History: Received January 10, 2011; Revised August 18, 2012

The current paper reviews the effects of the oxygenated and nitrogenated additives to see the results of the physicochemical efficiency and performance through engine tests work by gas oil mixtures. The oxygenated compounds used in the formulations compose of 2-methoxy ethyl ether (MXEE), nitromethane, and nitroethane. The presence of ethanol and MXEE significantly alter the characteristics of flash point and distillation curve behaviors and marking up the cetane number, improving the fuel's performance in engine tests. The fuel formulations comprising 2–5% v/v additives, 5–10% v/v ethanol, and diesel 90–95% v/v were produced. The soot formation can be reduced by more than 50%, 30%, and 27% by application of the diesel formulations; E-NE5–10, E-NM5–10, and E-MX5–10, respectively.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
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Copyright © 2012 by ASME
Topics: Combustion , Fuels , Diesel , Ethanol , Soot
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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

The cetane index of the mixed fuels and the diesel fuel

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

The viscosities of the mixed fuels and the diesel fuel

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

The flash points of the mixed fuels and the diesel fuel

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Distillation curves

Tables

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