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Research Papers: Alternative Energy Sources

Investigation of Solar Desalination Pond Performance Experimentally and Mathematically

[+] Author and Article Information
Farshad Farahbod

Department of Chemical Engineering,
Science and Research Branch,
Islamic Azad University,
Tehran, Iran.
P.O. Box 1477893855
e-mail: farahbod.f@srbiau.ac.ir

Dariush Mowla

School of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering,
Molasadra Avenue Engineering Building,
7th Floor, Room 730, Shiraz, Iran.
P.O. Box 7134851154
e-mail: dmowla@shirazu.ac.ir

M. R. Jafari Nasr

Department of Chemical Engineering,
Science and Research Branch,
Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
P.O. Box 1477893855
e-mail: drnasr50@yahoo.ca

Mohammad Soltanieh

Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Department,
Sharif University of Technology,
Azadi Avenue, Tehran, Iran.
P.O. Box 11365-11155
e-mail: msoltanieh@sharif.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Energy Resources Technology. Manuscript received March 19, 2012; final manuscript received June 13, 2012; published online October 5, 2012. Assoc. Editor: Kau-Fui Wong.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 134(4), 041201 (Oct 05, 2012) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4007194 History: Received March 19, 2012; Received June 13, 2012

Theoretical and experimental analysis of performance of a solar desalination pond as a second stage of proposed zero discharge desalination processes is considered in this work. Major purpose of this proposed process is producing salt and potable water. Experiments are conducted for brackish wastewater with different salinity content. The relation between temperature variations of brackish water, glass, and base of solar desalination pond with condensation rate are discussed. Results indicate when brackish water temperature is increasing; the average daily production of solar desalination pond is increased considerably. Results of the mathematical modeling show good agreement with experimental data.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

The schematic of proposed zero discharge desalination process with a photo of used solar desalination pond

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Fig. 2

The insolation rate and the productivity rate in different times of a day on June 17 and on Dec. 30, 2011

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Fig. 3

The variations of brackish water average temperature during a day for 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% salinity (June 17, 2011)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

The variations of brackish water average temperature during a day for 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% salinity (Dec. 30, 2011)

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