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Technology Reviews

Gasification of Biomass to Second Generation Biofuels: A Review

[+] Author and Article Information
Berta Matas Güell

e-mail: berta.guell@sintef.no

Lars Sørum

SINTEF Energy Research,
NO-7465 Trondheim, Norway

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Energy Resources Technology. Manuscript received September 5, 2011; final manuscript received August 24, 2012; published online November 15, 2012. Assoc. Editor: Sarma V. Pisupati.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 135(1), 014001 (Nov 15, 2012) (9 pages) Paper No: JERT-11-1106; doi: 10.1115/1.4007660 History: Received September 05, 2011; Revised August 24, 2012

Biomass gasification has gained significant attention in the last couple of decades for the production of heat, power, and second generation biofuels. Biomass gasification processes are highly complex due to the large number of reactions involved in the overall process as well as the high sensitivity of the process to changes in the operational conditions. This report reviews the state-of-the-art of biomass gasification by evaluating key process parameters such as gasifying agent, temperature, pressure, particle size, etc., for fluidized bed and entrained flow gasifiers. The pros and cons of each technology and the remaining bottlenecks are also addressed.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Novel two-staged bed air gasifier. Adapted from Ref. [16].

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Entrained-flow gasifier test plant (2 ton/day) at Kawagoe, Japan. Adapted from Ref. [29].

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Dolomite (left) and olivine (right) natural materials from the North American company Unimin Corporation [48]

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