0
Research Papers: Petroleum Engineering

A Model for Temperature Prediction for Two-Phase Oil/Water Stratified Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
Wei Shang

School of Science and Technology,
Cape Breton University,
1250 Grand Lake Road,
Sydney, NS, B1P 6L2, Canada

Cem Sarica

McDougall School of Petroleum Engineering,
University of Tulsa,
2450 East Marshall,
Tulsa, OK 74110

Contributed by the Petroleum Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Energy Resources Technology. Manuscript received June 24, 2011; final manuscript received March 2, 2013; published online May 30, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Mansour Zenouzi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 135(3), 032906 (May 30, 2013) (7 pages) Paper No: JERT-11-1065; doi: 10.1115/1.4023931 History: Received June 24, 2011; Revised March 02, 2013

In this paper a mathematical model was developed to predict temperature profiles for two-phase oil-water stratified flows. Based on the energy balance of a control volume, analytical solutions were derived for the prediction of temperature profiles for two-phase oil/water stratified flow pattern in pipe flows. The model has been verified with a single-phase heat transfer model, which is available in most heat transfer textbooks. Two typical cases were simulated for extreme operating conditions with water cuts of 0% and 100%, respectively. This analytical model was also validated against experimental data. The test was conducted on a multiphase facility with accurate flow control devices and effective thermal treating units. The water cut was set at 50% for this test. The simulation results and experimental data agree within the experimental uncertainty. The closure relationships can be conveniently applied to a two-phase oil/water paraffin deposition model, which is dependent on the heat transfer process. The model was also used to predict the temperature profiles for two-phase oil and water flows with different water cuts.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Ekweribe, C., and Civan, F., 2011, “Transient Wax Gel Formation Model for Shut-In Subsea Pipelines,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 133(4), p. 033001. [CrossRef]
Adesina, F. A. S., Churchill, A., and Olugbenga, F., 2011, “Modeling Productivity Index for Long Horizontal Well,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 133(3), p. 033101. [CrossRef]
Ji, Y., and Homan, K. O., 2007, “On Simplified Models for the Rate- and Time-Dependent Performance of Stratified Thermal Storage,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 129(3), pp. 214–222. [CrossRef]
Toma, P., Ivory, J., Korpany, G., deRocco, M., Holloway, L., Goss, C., Ibrahim, J., and Omar, I., 2006, “A Two-Layer Paraffin Deposition Structure Observed and Used to Explain the Removal and Aging of Paraffin Deposits in Wells and Pipelines,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 128(1), pp. 49–61. [CrossRef]
Sözbir, N., 2006, “A New Approach to the Simulation of Thermal Systems,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 128(3), pp. 161–167. [CrossRef]
Knott, R. F., Anderson, R. N., Acrivos, A., and Petersen, E. E., 1959, “An Experimental Study of Heat Transfer to Nitrogen-Oil Mixtures,” Ind. Eng. Chem., 51(11), pp. 1369–1372. [CrossRef]
Kudirka, A. A., Grosh, R. J., and Mcfadden, P. W., 1965, “Heat Transfer in Two-Phase Flow of Gas-Liquid Mixtures,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam., 4(3), pp. 339–344. [CrossRef]
Ravipudi, S. R., and Godbold, T. M., 1978, “Effect of Mass Transfer on Heat Transfer Rates for Two-Phase Flow in a Vertical Pipe,” Proceedings of the 6th International Heat Transfer Conference, pp. 505–510.
Shah, M. M., 1981, “Generalized Prediction of Heat Transfer During Two Component Gas-Liquid Flow in Tubes and Other Channels,” AIChE Symp. Ser., 77(208), pp. 140–151.
Rezkallah, K. S., and Sims, G. E., 1987, “Examination of Correlations of Mean Heat-Transfer Coefficients in Two-Phase Two-Component Flow in Vertical Tubes,” AIChE Symp. Ser., 83(257), pp. 109–114.
Pletcher, R. H., and Mcmanus, H. N., 1972, “A Theory for Heat Transfer to Annular Two-Phase Two-Component Flow,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 15(11), pp. 2091–2096. [CrossRef]
Davis, E. J., Cheremisinoff, N. P., and Guzy, C. J., 1979, “Heat Transfer With Stratified Gas-Liquid Flow,” AIChE J., 25(6), pp. 958–966. [CrossRef]
Kim, D., Sofyan, Y., Ghajar, A. J., and Dougherty, R. L., 1997, “An Evaluation of Several Heat Transfer Correlations for Two-Phase Flow With Different Flow Patterns in Vertical and Horizontal Tubes,” HTD (Am. Soc. Mech. Eng.), 342, pp. 119–130.
Matzain, A. B., 1999, “Multiphase Flow Paraffin Deposition Modeling,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
Manabe, R., 2001, “A Comprehensive Mechanistic Heat Transfer Model for Two-Phase Flow With High-Pressure Flow Pattern Validation,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
Zhang, H.-Q., Wang, Q., Sarica, C., and Brill, J. P., 2006, “Unified Model of Heat Transfer in Gas/Liquid Pipe Flow,” SPE Prod. Oper., 21, pp. 114–121.
Trallero, J. L., 1995, “Oil-Water Flow Patterns in Horizontal Pipes,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
Anosike, C. F., 2007, “Effect of Flow Patterns on Oil-Water Flow Paraffin Deposition in Horizontal Pipes,” M.Sc. thesis, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
Incropera, F., and DeWitt, D., 1996, Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Kays, W. M., and London, A. L., 1984, Compact Heat Exchangers, 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
White, F. M., 1988, Heat and Mass Transfer, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.
Dittus, F. W., and Boelter, L. M. K., 1930, “Heat Transfer in Automobile Radiators of the Tubular Type,” Univ. Calif. Publ. Eng., 2, pp. 443–461.
Sieder, E. N., and Tate, G. E., 1936, “Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop of Liquids in Tubes,” Ind. Eng. Chem., 28, pp. 1429–1435. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of oil/water stratified flow in a pipe

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Schematic illustration of a control volume for oil/water flow

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Multiphase test facility

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Schematic illustration of the test section for two-phase oil/water flow

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Comparison of the predicted temperatures and measured data for two-phase oil and water stratified flow

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Cross sectional view of wax deposition: (a) photo taken from test section and (b) schematic illustration of wax deposit around pipe

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Nondimensional temperature profiles for oil and water flow with different water cuts: (a) 0%, (b) 20%, (c) 50%, (d) 80%, (e) 85%, and (f) 100%

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In