Technical Brief

Effective Method to Predict Installation of Plunger in a Gas Well

[+] Author and Article Information
Shu Luo

McDougall School of Petroleum Engineering,
The University of Tulsa,
800 South Tucker Drive,
Tulsa, OK 74104
e-mail: shu-luo@utulsa.edu

Mohan Kelkar

e-mail: mohan@utulsa.edu
McDougall School of Petroleum Engineering,
The University of Tulsa,
800 South Tucker Drive,
Tulsa, OK 74104

Contributed by the Petroleum Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received August 23, 2013; final manuscript received October 21, 2013; published online November 26, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Tayfun Babadagli.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 136(2), 024501 (Nov 26, 2013) (4 pages) Paper No: JERT-13-1250; doi: 10.1115/1.4025799 History: Received August 23, 2013; Revised October 21, 2013

Liquid loading is a common problem for most of the mature gas wells. Over years, many methods have been developed to solve this problem. One of the widely used methods is plunger lift, which requires shut-in of the gas well for a period of time. Then, the well is reopened, and it is expected that the natural energy of the well will push the plunger to the surface carrying the liquid with it. Optimization of the plunger lift requires that the well be shut-in for a period of time as short as possible, followed by production of gas for as long as possible. This note examines the requirement for a successful shut-in of a well so that the well can sustain the production for a longer time. The note also discusses the condition under which the well will not sustain the production and the plunger lift will not be effective. The analysis is confirmed with several field examples, which will be shown in this note.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Wang, J. Y., 2012, “Well Completion for Effective Deliquification of Natural Gas Wells,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 134(1), p. 013102. [CrossRef]
King, G. E., 2005, “Low Pressure Gas Well Deliverability Issues: Common Loading Causes, Diagnostics and Effective Deliquification Practices,” Sept. 19–20, Denver, CO.
Chupin, G., Hu, B., Haugset, T., Sagen, J., and Claudel, M., 2007, “Integrated Wellbore/Reservoir Model Predicts Flow Transients in Liquid-Loaded Gas Wells,” SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition.
Guo, B., Ghalambor, A., and Xu, C., 2006, “A Systematic Approach to Predicting Liquid Loading in Gas Wells,” SPE Prod. Oper., 21(1), pp. 81–88. [CrossRef]
Dousi, N., Veeken, C., and Currie, P. K., 2006, “Numerical and Analytical Modeling of the Gas Well Liquid Loading Process,” SPE Prod. Oper., 21(4), pp. 475–482. [CrossRef]
Rudolf, J. J., Heidrick, T. R., Fleck, B. A., and Rajan, V. S. V., 2005, “Optimum Design Parameters for Reciprocating Pumps Used in Natural Gas Wells,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 127(4), pp. 285–292. [CrossRef]
Yi, L., and Leinonen, T., 2002, “Synthesis and Analysis of Stroke-Increasing and Force-Balancing Mechanisms for Rod Pumping Units,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 124(1), pp. 14–19. [CrossRef]
Rudolf, J. J., Heidrick, T. R., Fleck, B. A., Ridley, R. K., and Rajan, R. V., 2004, “A Pumping System to Enhance Production From Gas Wells,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 126(4), pp. 311–319. [CrossRef]
Brown, K. E., and Mach, J., 1982, “Application of Systems Analysis Techniques in Optimizing Gas Lift Installations,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 104(2), pp. 157–161. [CrossRef]
Nishikiori, N., Redner, R. A., Doty, D. R., and Schmidt, Z., 1995, “An Improved Method for Gas Lift Allocation Optimization,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 117(2), pp. 87–92. [CrossRef]
Lea, J., and Nickens, H., 2004, “Solving Gas-Well Liquid-Loading Problems,” J. Pet. Technol., 56(4), pp. 30–36. [CrossRef]
Chambliss, R. K., Cox, J. C., and Lea, J. F., 2004, “Plunger Slippage for Rod-Drawn Plunger Pumps,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 126(3), pp. 208–214. [CrossRef]
Lea, J. F., 1999, “Plunger Lift Versus Velocity Strings,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 121, pp. 234–240. [CrossRef]
Turner, R. G., Hubbard, M. G., and Dukler, A. E., 1969, “Analysis and Prediction of Minimum Flow Rate for the Continuous Removal of Liquids From Gas Wells,” J. Pet. Technol., 21(11), pp. 1475–1482. [CrossRef]
Coleman, S. B., Clay, H. B., McCurdy, D. G., Norris, H. and Lee, III, 1991, “A New Look at Predicting Gas-Well Load-Up,” J. Pet. Technol., 43(3), pp. 329–333. [CrossRef]
Veeken, K., Hu, B., and Schiferli, W., 2010, “Gas Well Liquid Loading Field Data Analysis and Multiphase Flow Modeling,” SPE Prod. Oper., 25(3), pp. 275–284. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Gas well before and during shut-in

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Field example case 1

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Field example case 2

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Field example case 3

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Field example case 4




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In