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Research Papers: Alternative Energy Sources

Experimental Study of Solar-Powered Desalination Pond as Second Stage in Proposed Zero Discharge Desalination Process

[+] Author and Article Information
Farshad Farahbod

Department of Chemical Engineering,
Firoozabad branch,
Islamic Azad University,
Firoozabad, Fars, Iran
e-mail: mf_fche@iauf.ac.ir

Sara Farahmand

School of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering,
Shiraz University,
Molasdra Ave. Engineering Building,
Shiraz, Fars, Iran
e-mail: sfarahmand2005@gmail.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received April 19, 2013; final manuscript received February 10, 2014; published online April 3, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Gunnar Tamm.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 136(3), 031202 (Apr 03, 2014) (8 pages) Paper No: JERT-13-1131; doi: 10.1115/1.4026915 History: Received April 19, 2013; Revised February 10, 2014

An experimental scale desalination pond which utilizes solar energy as a heat source is studied in this paper. The marked solar desalination pond is considered as one of the main stages in a proposed zero discharge desalination process. The effluent waste water of the desalination unit of the petrochemical complex is treated in the proposed zero discharge desalination process to produce potable water and salt. Evaporation distillation method is used in the studied solar desalination pond. Basically, this solar desalination pond is working as batch stage. At the first, the solar-powered desalination pond is introduced then the used method for distillation is discussed and the experimental results are represented in this paper, finally. The results show the feasibility of using the proposed solar-powered pond. The rate of gained distilled water by the proposed solar powered pond is compared with conventional solar pond, finally.

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Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Topics: Solar energy , Water
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Figures

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Fig. 2

The schematic of solar–powered desalination pond

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Fig. 1

The schematic of proposed zero discharge desalination process

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Fig. 3

The insolation rate in different months of year (2011)

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Fig. 4

The daily average amount of water production during June

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Fig. 5

The amounts of highest production versus insolation rate in different months of year (2011)

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Fig. 6

The amounts of lowest production versus insolation rate in different months of year (2011)

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Fig. 7

The presentation of insolation rate and daily average production in different months of year (2011)

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Fig. 8

The amounts of energy consumption with highest production

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Fig. 9

The amounts of energy consumption with daily average production

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Fig. 10

The amounts of electricity generation versus the insolation rate

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Fig. 11

The amounts of electricity generation with energy saving

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Fig. 12

The amounts of energy saving with daily average production

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Fig. 13

Comparison between the rate of water production between solar-powered pond and conventional solar pond

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