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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

Near-Critical CO2 Flow Measurement and Visualization

[+] Author and Article Information
Farzan Kazemifar

Department of Mechanical Science & Engineering,
University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign,
Urbana, IL 61801
International Institute for Carbon Neutral Energy
Research (WPI-I2CNER),
Kyushu University,
Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
e-mail: kazemif1@illinois.edu

Dimitrios C. Kyritsis

Department of Mechanical Science & Engineering,
University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign,
Urbana, IL 61801
International Institute for Carbon Neutral Energy
Research (WPI-I2CNER),
Kyushu University,
Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Khalifa University of Science Technology and Research,
PO Box 127788,
Abu Dhabi, UAE
e-mail: kyritsis@illinois.edu

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received July 22, 2013; final manuscript received June 24, 2014; published online August 1, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Gunnar Tamm.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 137(1), 012002 (Aug 01, 2014) (5 pages) Paper No: JERT-13-1219; doi: 10.1115/1.4027961 History: Received July 22, 2013; Revised June 24, 2014

Near-critical CO2 flow has been studied because of its potential application in carbon dioxide capture and sequestration, which is one of the proposed solutions for reducing greenhouse gas emission. Near the critical point the thermophysical properties of the fluid undergo abrupt changes that affect the flow structure and characteristics. Pressure drop across a stainless steel tube, 2 ft long with 0.084 in. ID, at different inlet conditions and mass flow rates have been measured. The effects of variations of inlet conditions have been studied. The results show extreme sensitivity of pressure drop to inlet conditions especially inlet temperature in the vicinity of the critical point. Also, shadowgraphs have been acquired to study the flow structure qualitatively.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup

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Fig. 2

Pressure-temperature phase diagram of CO2 at the inlet and exit for pipe flow

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Fig. 3

Pressure drop per unit length versus mass flow rate at 74 bar

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Fig. 4

Moody frication factor diagram

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Fig. 5

Shadowgraphs of near-critical CO2 flow

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Fig. 6

Pressure-temperature diagram for inlet conditions in shadowgraph experiment

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