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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

IGCC Precombustion CO2 Capture Using K2CO3 Solvent and Utilizing the Intercooling Heat Recovered From CO2 Compressors for CO2 Regeneration

[+] Author and Article Information
Sheng Li

Institute of Engineering Thermophysics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Beijing 100190, China
e-mail: lisheng@iet.cn

Hongguang Jin

Institute of Engineering Thermophysics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Beijing 100190, China
e-mail: hgjin@iet.cn

Kathryn Anne Mumford

Department of Chemical and
Biomolecular Engineering,
Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse
Gas Technologies (CO2CRC),
The University of Melbourne,
Victoria 3010, Australia
e-mail: mumfordk@unimelb.edu.au

Kathryn Smith

Department of Chemical and
Biomolecular Engineering,
Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse
Gas Technologies (CO2CRC),
The University of Melbourne,
Victoria 3010, Australia
e-mail: kathryn.smith@unimelb.edu.au

Geoff Stevens

Department of Chemical and
Biomolecular Engineering,
Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse
Gas Technologies (CO2CRC),
The University of Melbourne,
Victoria 3010, Australia
e-mail: gstevens@unimelb.edu.au

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received August 22, 2014; final manuscript received December 30, 2014; published online March 25, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Abel Hernandez-Guerrero.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 137(4), 042002 (Jul 01, 2015) (9 pages) Paper No: JERT-14-1271; doi: 10.1115/1.4029964 History: Received August 22, 2014; Revised December 30, 2014; Online March 25, 2015

CO2 capture (CC) using hot K2CO3 solvent in integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant is a promising technology for CO2 emission reduction. Based on pilot scale trials, an innovative IGCC system with CC using hot K2CO3 solvent is proposed, in which the intercooling heat between CO2 compressors is recovered for CO2 regeneration (IGCC + CC + HR). Thermodynamic performance and exergy and energy utilization diagram (EUD) analysis are presented. Results show that recovery of the intercooling heat between CO2 compressors reduces the steam extraction requirement from turbines for CO2 regeneration by around 18% and enhances the efficiency of IGCC with CO2 capture (IGCC + CC) plant by 0.3–0.7 percentage points. With 90% CC, the efficiency of the IGCC + CC + HR plant is around 35.4% which is higher than IGCC + CC plant using Selexol technology. Compared to IGCC, the energy penalty for CC in IGCC + CC + HR plant is mainly caused by the exergy losses in CO2 separation (45.2%), water gas shift (WGS) (28.5%), combined cycle (20.7%) and CO2 compression units (5.6%). EUD analysis shows that the IGCC + CC + HR plant realizes good match of the energy levels between the intercooling heat and the recovered steam for CO2 regeneration, thereby obviously reducing the exergy losses in CO2 compression and separation units and improving the plant efficiency. The results presented in this paper confirm the sources causing the energy penalty for CC in IGCC power plant and the new IGCC + CC + HR system helps to reduce the energy penalty for CC in IGCC power plant based on solvent technologies.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

(a) IGCC system, (b) the system uses potassium carbonate solvent for CO2 capture and only extracts steams from ST for CO2 regeneration (IGCC + CC without HR system), and (c) IGCC system incorporating CO2 capture using hot potassium carbonate solvent and steam recovery from the intercooling heat between CO2 compressors for CO2 regeneration (IGCC + CC + HR system)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

The compositions of exergy (power) losses for CC

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

EUD analysis for a general energy conversion and transfer process [31,32]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

EUD comparisons in key processes (a) EUD for case 1, (b) EUD for case 2, and (c) EUD for case 3

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