0
Technical Brief

Pressure Profile in Annulus: Solids Play a Significant Role

[+] Author and Article Information
Feifei Zhang

McDougall School of Petroleum Engineering,
University of Tulsa,
2450 East Marshall Street, NCDB,
Tulsa, OK 74110
e-mail: Feifei-zhang@utulsa.edu

Stefan Miska

Professor
McDougall School of Petroleum Engineering,
University of Tulsa,
2450 East Marshall Street, NCDB,
Tulsa, OK 74110
e-mail: Stefan-miska@utulsa.edu

Mengjiao Yu

Associate Professor
McDougall School of Petroleum Engineering,
University of Tulsa,
2450 East Marshall Street, NCDB,
Tulsa, OK 74110
e-mail: Mengjiao-yu@utulsa.edu

Evren M. Ozbayoglu

Associate Professor
McDougall School of Petroleum Engineering,
University of Tulsa,
2450 East Marshall Street, NCDB,
Tulsa, OK 74110
e-mail: Evern-ozbayoglu@utulsa.edu

Nicholas Takach

Professor
Department of Chemistry Engineering,
University of Tulsa,
2450 East Marshall Street, NCDB,
Tulsa, OK 74110
e-mail: nicholas-Takach@utulsa.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Petroleum Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received September 11, 2014; final manuscript received June 9, 2015; published online June 30, 2015. Assoc. Editor: G. Robello Samuel.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 137(6), 064502 (Nov 01, 2015) (9 pages) Paper No: JERT-14-1293; doi: 10.1115/1.4030845 History: Received September 11, 2014; Revised June 09, 2015; Online June 30, 2015

This paper looks into the effects of solids on the wellbore pressure profile under different conditions. An extensive number of experiments were conducted on a 90-ft-long, 4.5 in. × 8 in. full-scale flow loop to simulate field conditions. The flow configurations are analyzed. A solid–liquid two-phase flow configuration map is proposed. Significant difference is found between the pressure profile with solids and without solids in the wellbore. The results of this study show how the pressure profile in the wellbore varies when solids present in the annulus, which may have important applications in drilling operations.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Merio, A., Maglione, R., and Piatti, C., 1995, “An Innovative Model for Drilling Fluid Hydraulics,” Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference, Kuala Lumpur, SPE Paper No. 29259.
Bourgoyne, A. T., Millheim, K. K., Chenevert, M. E., and Young, F. S., 1991, Applied Drilling Engineering, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Richardson, TX, pp. 113–144.
Taghipour, A., Bjørnar, L., Ytrehus, J., Skalle, P., Saasen, A., Reyes, A., and Abdollahi, J., 2014, “Experimental Study of Hydraulics and Cuttings Transport in Circular and Noncircular Wellbores,” ASME J. Energy Res. Technol., 136(2), p. 022904. [CrossRef]
Haciislamoglu, M., and Langlinais, J., 1990, “Non-Newtonian Flow in Eccentric Annuli,” ASME J. Energy Res. Technol., 112(3), pp. 163–169. [CrossRef]
Kelessidis, V. C., Dalamarinis, P., and Maglione, R., 2011, “Experimental Study and Predictions of Pressure Losses of Fluids Modeled as Herschel–Bulkley in Concentric and Eccentric Annuli in Laminar, Transitional and Turbulent Flows,” J. Pet. Sci. Eng., 77, pp. 305–312. [CrossRef]
Tian, S., and Finger, J., 2000, “Advanced Geothermal Wellbore Hydraulics Model,” ASME J. Energy Res. Technol., 122(3), pp. 142–146. [CrossRef]
Ahmed, R., and Miska, S., 2008, “Experimental Study and Modeling of Yield Power-Law Fluid Flow in Annuli with Drillpipe Rotation”, IADC/SPE Drilling Conference, Orlando, FL, SPE Paper number 112604 [CrossRef].
Wei, X., Miska, S. Z., Takach, N. E., Bern, P., and Kenny, P., 1998, “The Effect of Drillpipe Rotation on Annular Frictional Pressure Loss,” ASME J. Energy Res. Technol., 120(1), pp. 61–66. [CrossRef]
Erge, O., Ozbayoglu, E., Miska, S. Z., Yu, M., Takach, N. E., Saasen, A., and May, R., 2014, “Effect of Drillstring Deflection and Rotary Speed on Annular Frictional Pressure Losses,” ASME J. Energy Res. Technol., 136(4), p. 042909. [CrossRef]
Saasen, A., 2014, “Annular Frictional Pressure Losses During Drilling—Predicting the Effect of Drillstring Rotation,” ASME J. Energy Res. Technol., 136(3), p. 034501. [CrossRef]
Vocaldo, J. J., and Charles, M. E., 1972, “Prediction of Pressure Gradient for the Horizontal Turbulent Flow of Slurries,” 2nd International Conference on the Hydraulic Transport of Solids in Pipes, Coventry, UK, Paper No. C1, pp. 1–12.
Parzonka, W., Kenchington, J. M., and Charles, M. E., 1981, “Hydrotransport of Solids in Horizontal Pipes: Effects of Solids Concentration and Particle Size on the Deposit Velocity,” Can. J. Chem. Eng., 59(3), pp. 291–296. [CrossRef]
Bain, A. G., and Bonnington, S. T., 1970, The Hydraulic Transport of Solids by Pipeline, Pergamon, Oxford, UK.
Brown, N. P., Bern, P. A., and Weaver, A., 1989, “Cleaning Deviated Holes: New Experimental and Theoretical Studies,” SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, SPE Paper No. 18636. [CrossRef]
Doron, P., and Barna, D., 1996, “Flow Pattern Maps for Solid-Liquid Flow in Pipes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 22(2), pp. 273–283. [CrossRef]
Turian, R. M., and Yuan, T. F., 1977, “Flow of Slurries in Pipelines,” AIChE J., 23(3), pp. 232–243. [CrossRef]
Iyoho, A. W., 1980, “Drilled-Cuttings Transport by Non-Newtonian Drilling Fluids Through Inclined, Eccentric Annuli,” Ph.D. dissertation, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
Larsen, T., 1990, “A Study of the Critical Fluid Velocity in Cuttings Transport for Inclined Wellbores,” M.S. thesis, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
Doron, P., Barna, D., and Simkhis, M., 1997, “Flow of Solid-Liquid Mixtures in Inclined Pipes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 23(2), pp. 313–323. [CrossRef]
Doron, P., 1986, “Hydraulic Transport of Solid Particles in Horizontal Pipes-Modeling Pressure Drop and Flow Patterns,” M.S. thesis, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel.
Santana, M., Martins, A. L., and Sales, A., Jr., 1998, “Advances in the Modeling of the Stratified Flow of Drilled Cuttings in High Angle and Horizontal Wells,” International Petroleum Conference and Exhibition of Mexico, Villahermosa, Mexico, SPE Paper No. 39890. [CrossRef]
Nguyen, D., and Rahman, S. S., 1998, “A Three-Layer Hydraulic Program for Effective Cuttings Transport and Hole Cleaning in Highly Deviated and Horizontal Wells,” SPE Drill. Completion, 13(3), pp. 182–189. [CrossRef]
Gavignet, A. A., and Sobey, I. J., 1989, “Model Aids Cuttings Transport Prediction,,” J. Pet. Technol., 41(9), pp. 916–921. [CrossRef]
Clark, R. K., and Bickham, K. L., 1995, “A Mechanistic Model for Cuttings Transport,” 69th Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, SPE Paper No. 28306.
Ahmed, R., 2001, “Mathematical Modeling and Experimental Investigation of Solids and Cuttings Transport,” Ph.D. dissertation, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
Shook, C. A., and Roco, M. C., 1991, Slurry Flow: Principles and Practice, Butterworth-Heinemann, Stoneham, MA, p. 16.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic drawing of LPAT flow loop

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Configurations of the constant-bed flow

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Picture constant-bed flow

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Configuration of waved-bed flow

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Picture of up-hole side of the wave in waved-bed flow

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Picture of down-hole side of the wave in waved-bed flow

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Configuration of packed-dune flow

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Picture of packed-dune flow

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Configuration of dispersed-dune flow

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Picture of dispersed-dune flow

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Flow configuration map

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

SF with 0 rpm at 45 ft/hr for water

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

SF with 100 rpm at 45 ft/hr for water

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Total pressure loss for 90 deg tests with water

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

SF with 0 rpm for the non-Newtonian fluid

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

SF with 100 rpm for the non-Newtonian fluid

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 17

Segment model geometry

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 18

Particle contact angle

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 19

Solids concentration verification

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 20

Pressure gradient verification

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In