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Research Papers: Petroleum Engineering

Numerical Study on Effects of Drilling Mud Rheological Properties on the Transport of Drilling Cuttings

[+] Author and Article Information
E. GhasemiKafrudi

Computational Fluid Dynamics
Research Laboratory,
School of Chemical Engineering,
Iran University of Science
and Technology,
Tehran 16846, Iran

S. H. Hashemabadi

Associate Professor
Computational Fluid Dynamics
Research Laboratory,
School of Chemical Engineering,
Iran University of Science
and Technology,
Tehran 16846, Iran
e-mail: hashemabadi@iust.ac.ir

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Petroleum Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received January 16, 2015; final manuscript received May 23, 2015; published online September 16, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Christopher J. Wajnikonis.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 138(1), 012902 (Sep 16, 2015) (8 pages) Paper No: JERT-15-1019; doi: 10.1115/1.4031450 History: Received January 16, 2015; Revised May 23, 2015

Inaccurate prediction of the required pressures can lead to a number of costly drilling problems. In this study, the hydrodynamics of mud-cuttings were numerically studied using the Mixture Model. To this end, an in-house code was developed to calculate the velocity and pressure fields. The mud velocity profile using of Herschel–Bulkley model and solid phase volume fraction were locally calculated; moreover, pressure drop through the annulus was taken into account. The effects of velocity, mud properties, and solid phase volume fraction on pressure drop were discussed and a new correlation was proposed for calculating friction factor based on corresponding parameters.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

(a) The boundary conditions, (b) forces on a moving particle in drilling fluid, (c) a control volume to calculate the velocity and pressure

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Fig. 2

Comparison the numerical simulation and experimental data [19] of solid particles average velocity versus liquid average velocity (water as carrier fluid) in vertical (0 deg) and inclined annulus (20 deg)

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Fig. 3

Comparison of numerical simulation and experimental data [19] of (a) solid particles' average velocity (b) pressure drop versus liquid average velocity (0.4% CMC solution as carrier fluid) in vertical (0 deg) and inclined annulus (20 deg)

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Fig. 4

Drilling mud and cutting velocity profiles with different sizes, solid loading 5%, with D.F-10 fluid (Table 1)

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Fig. 5

Cutting volume fraction with different sizes on developed flow region with D.F-10 fluid (Table 1)

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Fig. 6

Comparison of two different carrying ratios for different cutting sizes (0.1, 0.4, and 1 cm) and drilling mud (D.F-1 and D.F-10, Table 1)

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Fig. 7

Pressure drop versus average velocity for five different fluid types (Table 1) (ρp  = 2550 kg/m3, αp=%3)

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Fig. 8

Pressure gradient versus input velocity in different solid volume fraction (αp=0–15% with D.F-1 (Table 2)

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Fig. 9

Pressure gradient versus input velocity and increased drilling string rotation velocity. With D.F-1 fluid αp=8%.

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Fig. 10

Comparison of the friction factor predicted by numerical solution and new correlation (Eq. (17))

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