0
Research Papers: Energy Conversion/Systems

A New MPPT Algorithm for Vehicle Integrated Solar Energy System

[+] Author and Article Information
Ismail Nakir

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Davutpasa Campus,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey
e-mail: inakir@yildiz.edu.tr

Ali Durusu

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Davutpasa Campus,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey
e-mail: adurusu@yildiz.edu.tr

Hakan Akca

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Davutpasa Campus,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey
e-mail: hakca@yildiz.edu.tr

Ali Ajder

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Davutpasa Campus,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey
e-mail: aliajder@yildiz.edu.tr

Ramazan Ayaz

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Davutpasa Campus,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey
e-mail: ayaz@yildiz.edu.tr

Enes Ugur

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Davutpasa Campus,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey
e-mail: enesugur@yildiz.edu.tr

Mugdesem Tanrioven

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Davutpasa Campus,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey
e-mail: tanriov@yildiz.edu.tr

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received October 6, 2015; final manuscript received October 22, 2015; published online November 17, 2015. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 138(2), 021601 (Nov 17, 2015) (9 pages) Paper No: JERT-15-1375; doi: 10.1115/1.4031943 History: Received October 06, 2015; Accepted October 22, 2015

Photovoltaic (PV) systems are considered as a support unit and eco-friendly energy source for the electric vehicles. If the surface of the electric vehicle is covered by PV cells, it is possible to store considerable amount of energy in the battery system. In this study, different maximum power point trackers (MPPT) with different maximum power point (MPP) tracking algorithms have been tested on a PV structure moving according to a predefined motion loop. Compatibility of each algorithm to moving systems, such as electric vehicles, is presented in a real experimental environment. As a result of these experiments, positive factors in each algorithm have been defined and a new MPP tracking algorithm convenient for moving vehicle has been proposed. The proposed MPPT algorithm shows a better performance than other MPPT algorithms under fast varying radiations. However, proposed algorithm brings slightly higher costs compared to usage of other MPPT algorithms since it requires the measurement of solar irradiance. The developed algorithm is described in detail and comparative analysis and performance evaluation with other algorithms are presented.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Algorithms , Vehicles
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Malikopoulos, A. A. , 2013, “ Impact of Component Sizing in Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles for Energy Resource and Greenhouse Emissions Reduction,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 135(4), p. 041201. [CrossRef]
Boretti, A. A. , 2012, “ Energy Recovery in Passenger Cars,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 134(2), p. 022203. [CrossRef]
Himelic, J. , and Kreith, F. , 2011, “ Potential Benefits of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle for Consumers and Electric Power Utilities,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 133(3), p. 031001. [CrossRef]
Tse, C. G. , Maples, B. A. , and Kreith, F. , 2015, “ The Use of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle for Peak Shaving,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 138(1), p. 011201. [CrossRef]
Radu, R. , Micheli, D. , Alessandrini, S. , Casula, I. , and Radu, B. , 2000, “ Modeling and Performance Analysis of an Integrated System: Variable Speed Operated Internal Combustion Engine Combined Heat and Power Unit-Photovoltaic Array,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 137(3), p. 032001. [CrossRef]
Takashima, T. , Tanaka, M. , Amano, M. , and Ando, Y. , 2000, “ Maximum Output Control of Photovoltaic (PV) Array,” 35th International Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference and Exhibition, Las Vegas, NV, July 24–28, pp. 380–383.
Jiang, J. A. , Su, Y. L. , Shieh, J. C. , Kuo, K. C. , Lin, T. S. , Lin, T. T. , Fang, W. , Chou, J. J. , and Wang, J. C. , 2014, “ On Application of a New Hybrid Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) Based Photovoltaic System to the Closed Plant Factory,” Appl. Energy, 124(1), pp. 309–324. [CrossRef]
Ishaque, K. , Salam, Z. , and Lauss, G. , 2014, “ The Performance of Perturb and Observe and Incremental Conductance Maximum Power Point Tracking Method Under Dynamic Weather Conditions,” Appl. Energy, 119(1), pp. 228–236. [CrossRef]
Salas, V. , Olias, E. , Barrado, A. , and Lazaro, A. , 2006, “ Review of the Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithms for Stand-Alone Photovoltaic System,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, 90(11), pp. 1555–1578. [CrossRef]
Hussein, K. H. , Muta, I. , Hoshino, T. , and Osakada, M. , 1995, “ Maximum Photovoltaic Power Tracking: An Algorithm for Rapidly Changing Atmospheric Conditions,” IEE Proc. Gener., Transm. Distrib., 142(1), pp. 59–64. [CrossRef]
Hohm, D. P. , and Ropp, M. E. , 2003, “ Comparative Study of Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithm,” Prog. Photovoltaic Res. Appl., 11(1), pp. 47–62. [CrossRef]
Berrera, M. , Dolara, A. , Faranda, R. , and Leva, S. , 2009, “ Experimental Test of Seven Widely-Adopted MPPT Algorithms,” IEEE Bucharest Power Tech Conference, Bucharest, Romania, June 28–July 2.
Hua, C. , and Shen, C. , 1998, “ Comparative Study of Peak Power Tracking Techniques for Solar Storage System,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference an Exposition (APEC '98), Anaheim, CA, Feb. 15–19, pp. 679–685.
Abdelsalam, A. K. , Masoud, A. M. , Ahmed, S. , and Enjeti, P. N. , 2011, “ High-Performance Adaptive Perturb and Observe MPPT Technique for Photovoltaic-Based Microgrids,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., 26(4), pp. 1010–1021. [CrossRef]
Piegari, L. , and Rizzo, R. , 2010, “ Adaptive Perturb and Observe Algorithm for Photovoltaic Maximum Power Point Tracking,” IET Renewable Power Gener., 4(4), pp. 317–328. [CrossRef]
Mutoh, N. , and Ohno, T. , 2006, “ A Method for MPPT Control While Searching for Parameters Corresponding to Weather Conditions for PV Generation Systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., 53(4), pp. 1055–1065. [CrossRef]
Pandey, A. , Dasgupta, N. , and Mukerjee, A. K. , 2008, “ High-Performance Algorithm for Drift Avoidance and Fast Tracking in Solar MPPT System,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., 23(2), pp. 681–689. [CrossRef]
Koa, S. H. , and Chao, R. M. , 2012, “ Photovoltaic Dynamic MPPT on a Moving Vehicle,” Sol. Energy, 86(6), pp. 1750–1760. [CrossRef]
Haseo, Y. , and Fujisawa, T. , 2008, “ Evaluation on Tracking Capability of MPPT for Running Car,” International Conference on Control, Automation and System, Seoul, Korea, pp. 2933–2936.
Nakir, I. , Durusu, A. , Ugur, E. , and Tanrioven, M. , 2012, “ Performance Assessment of MPPT Algorithms for Vehicle Integrated Solar Energy Systems,” IEEE International Energy Conference and Exhibition, Florence, Italy, pp. 1034–1038.
Durusu, A. , Nakir, I. , Ajder, A. , Ayaz, R. , Akca, H. , and Tanrioven, M. , 2014, “ Performance Comparison of Widely-Used Maximum Power Point Tracker Algorithms Under Real Environmental Conditions,” Adv. Electr. Comput. Eng., 14(3), pp. 89–94. [CrossRef]
Andrejasic, T. , Jankovec, M. , and Topic, M. , 2011, “ Comparison of Direct Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithms Using EN 50530 Dynamic Test Procedure,” IET Renewable Power Gener., 5(4), pp. 281–286. [CrossRef]
Kish, G. J. , Lee, J. J. , and Lehn, P. W. , 2012, “ Modeling and Control of Photovoltaic Panel Utilizing the Incremental Conductance Method for Maximum Power Point Tracking,” IET Renewable Power Gener., 6(4), pp. 259–266. [CrossRef]
Brito, M. A. G. , Galotto, L. , Melo, L. P. , Sampaio, G. A. , and Canesin, C. A. , 2013, “ Evaluation of the Main MPPT Techniques for Photovoltaic Application,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., 60(3), pp. 1157–1167. [CrossRef]
Nakir, I. , 2012, “ Improving Efficiency of Maximum Power Point Tracker for Vehicle Photovoltaic by Appropriate Algorithm,” Ph.D. thesis, Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey.
Xiao, W. , and Dunford, W. G. , 2004, “ A Modified Adaptive Hill Climbing MPPT Method for Photovoltaic Power Systems,” IEEE 35th Annual Power Electronics Specialist Conference, Aachen, Germany, pp. 1957–1963.
Chiang, M. L. , Hua, C. C. , and Lin, J. R. , 2002, “ Direct Power Control for Distributed PV Power System,” Power Conversion Conference, Osaka, Japan, pp. 311–315.
Wolf, P. J. , and Tang, L. , 2005, “ A Single Cell Maximum Power Point Tracking Converter Without a Current Sensor for High Performance Vehicle Solar Arrays,” IEEE 36th Annual Power Electronics Specialist Conference, Recife, Brazil, pp. 165–171.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

The block diagram of the test bench employed for performance comparison of MPPT algorithms

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

PV modules and moving platform

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

(a) Basic circuit diagram of MPPT and (b) designed circuit board

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Sample control diagram [20]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

An exemplary irradiance change graph

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

PV short-circuit current and irradiation change

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

A sample graph of maximum power experiment

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Relationship between radiation and KPVmax

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

The flowchart of the SO algorithm

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

The obtained power from SO and IC algorithms

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In