Research Papers: Energy Conversion/Systems

A New MPPT Algorithm for Vehicle Integrated Solar Energy System

[+] Author and Article Information
Ismail Nakir

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Davutpasa Campus,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey
e-mail: inakir@yildiz.edu.tr

Ali Durusu

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Davutpasa Campus,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey
e-mail: adurusu@yildiz.edu.tr

Hakan Akca

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Davutpasa Campus,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey
e-mail: hakca@yildiz.edu.tr

Ali Ajder

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Davutpasa Campus,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey
e-mail: aliajder@yildiz.edu.tr

Ramazan Ayaz

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Davutpasa Campus,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey
e-mail: ayaz@yildiz.edu.tr

Enes Ugur

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Davutpasa Campus,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey
e-mail: enesugur@yildiz.edu.tr

Mugdesem Tanrioven

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Yildiz Technical University,
Davutpasa Campus,
Istanbul 34220, Turkey
e-mail: tanriov@yildiz.edu.tr

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received October 6, 2015; final manuscript received October 22, 2015; published online November 17, 2015. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 138(2), 021601 (Nov 17, 2015) (9 pages) Paper No: JERT-15-1375; doi: 10.1115/1.4031943 History: Received October 06, 2015; Accepted October 22, 2015

Photovoltaic (PV) systems are considered as a support unit and eco-friendly energy source for the electric vehicles. If the surface of the electric vehicle is covered by PV cells, it is possible to store considerable amount of energy in the battery system. In this study, different maximum power point trackers (MPPT) with different maximum power point (MPP) tracking algorithms have been tested on a PV structure moving according to a predefined motion loop. Compatibility of each algorithm to moving systems, such as electric vehicles, is presented in a real experimental environment. As a result of these experiments, positive factors in each algorithm have been defined and a new MPP tracking algorithm convenient for moving vehicle has been proposed. The proposed MPPT algorithm shows a better performance than other MPPT algorithms under fast varying radiations. However, proposed algorithm brings slightly higher costs compared to usage of other MPPT algorithms since it requires the measurement of solar irradiance. The developed algorithm is described in detail and comparative analysis and performance evaluation with other algorithms are presented.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Algorithms , Vehicles
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Fig. 1

The block diagram of the test bench employed for performance comparison of MPPT algorithms

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Fig. 2

PV modules and moving platform

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Fig. 3

(a) Basic circuit diagram of MPPT and (b) designed circuit board

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Fig. 4

Sample control diagram [20]

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Fig. 5

An exemplary irradiance change graph

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Fig. 6

PV short-circuit current and irradiation change

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Fig. 7

A sample graph of maximum power experiment

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Fig. 8

Relationship between radiation and KPVmax

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Fig. 9

The flowchart of the SO algorithm

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Fig. 10

The obtained power from SO and IC algorithms




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