0
Research Papers: Petroleum Engineering

Oil–Water Flow Pattern Transition Prediction in Horizontal Pipes

[+] Author and Article Information
Carlos F. Torres

Thermal Science Department,
University of Los Andes,
Campus La Hechicera, Edificio B,
Mérida 5101, Venezuela
e-mail: ctorres@ula.ve

Ram S. Mohan

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
The University of Tulsa,
800 South Tucker Drive,
Tulsa, OK 74104
e-mail: ram-mohan@utulsa.edu

Luis E. Gomez

MSI International Inc.,
7134 South Yale Avenue, Suite 710,
Tulsa, OK 74136
e-mail: luis-gomez@msieng-int.com

Ovadia Shoham

McDougall School of Petroleum Engineering,
The University of Tulsa,
800 South Tucker Drive,
Tulsa, OK 74104
e-mail: os@utulsa.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Petroleum Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received June 6, 2014; final manuscript received September 1, 2015; published online November 12, 2015. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 138(2), 022904 (Nov 12, 2015) (11 pages) Paper No: JERT-14-1178; doi: 10.1115/1.4031608 History: Received June 06, 2014; Revised September 01, 2015

Flow pattern transition prediction models are presented for oil–water flow in horizontal pipes. The transition between stratified and nonstratified flow is predicted using Kelvin–Helmholtz (KH) stability analysis for long waves. New, simplified, and more practical physical mechanisms/mechanistic models are proposed for the prediction of the transition boundaries to semidispersed and to fully dispersed flow. The proposed flow pattern classification significantly simplifies the flow pattern map for liquid–liquid flow and agrees well with the experimental data.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Trallero, J. L. , 1995, “ Oil–Water Flow Patterns in Horizontal Pipes,” Ph.D. dissertation, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
Guzhov, A. , Grishin, A. D. , Medredev, V . F. , and Medredeva, O. P. , 1973, “ Emulsion Formation During the Flow of Two Immiscible Liquids,” Neft Chozo, 8, pp. 58–61.
Nädler, M. , and Mewes, D. , 1995, “ The Effect of Gas Injection on the Flow of Immiscible Liquids in Horizontal Pipes,” Chem. Eng. Tech., 18(3), pp. 156–165. [CrossRef]
Angeli, P. , 1996, “ Liquid–Liquid Dispersed Flow in Horizontal Pipes,” Ph.D. dissertation, Imperial College, University of London, London, UK.
Angeli, P. , and Hewitt, G. F. , 2000, “ Flow Structure in Horizontal Oil–Water Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 26(7), pp. 1117–1140. [CrossRef]
Valle, A. , 2000, “ Three Phase Gas-Oil-Water Pipe Flow,” Ph.D. dissertation, Imperial College, London, University of London, UK.
Lovick, J. , 2004, “ Horizontal, Oil–Water Flows in the Dual-Continuous Flow Regime,” Ph.D. dissertation, University College London, University of London, London, UK.
Shang, W. , and Sarica, C. , 2013, “ A Model for Temperature Prediction for Two-Phase Oil/Water Stratified Flow,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 135(3), p. 032906. [CrossRef]
Bannwart, A. C. , Rodriguez, O. M. H. , de Carvalho, C. H. M. , Wang, I . S. , and Vara, R. M. O. , 2004, “ Flow Patterns in Heavy Crude Oil–Water Flow,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 126(3), pp. 184–189. [CrossRef]
Shi, H. , Cai, J. , and Jepson, W. P. , 2001, “ Oil-Water Two-Phase Flows in Large-Diameter Pipelines,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 123(4), pp. 270–276. [CrossRef]
Flores, J. G. , Sarica, C. , Chen, T. X. , and Brill, J. P. , 1998, “ Investigation of Holdup and Pressure Drop Behavior for Oil–Water Flow in Vertical and Deviated Wells,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 120(1), pp. 8–14. [CrossRef]
Charles, M. E. , Govier, G. W. , and Hodgson, G. W. , 1961, “ The Horizontal Pipeline Flow of Equal Density Oil–Water Mixture,” Can. J. Chem. Eng., 39(1), pp. 27–36. [CrossRef]
Russell, T. W. R. , Hodgson, G. W. , and Govier, G. W. , 1959, “ Horizontal Pipeline Flow of Mixtures of Oil and Water,” Can. J. Chem. Eng., 37(1), pp. 9–17. [CrossRef]
Malinowsky, M. S. , 1975, “ An Experimental Study of Oil–Water and Air–Oil–Water Flowing Mixtures in Horizontal Pipes,” M.S. thesis, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
Oglesby, K. D. , 1979, “ An Experimental Study on the Effects of Oil Viscosity Mixture Velocity, and Water Fraction on Horizontal Oil–Water Flow,” M.S. thesis, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK.
Nädler, M. , and Mewes, D. , 1997, “ Flow Induced Emulsification in the Flow of Two Immiscible Liquids in Horizontal Pipes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 23(1), pp. 55–68. [CrossRef]
Soleimani, A. , 1999, “ Phase Distribution and Associated Phenomena in Oil–Water Flows in Horizontal Tubes,” Ph.D. dissertation, Imperial College, University of London, London, UK.
Alkaya, B. , Jayawardena, S. S. , and Brill, J. P. , 2000, “ Oil–Water Flow Patterns in Slightly Inclined Pipes,” ETCE/OMAE Joint Conference, New Orleans, LA, pp. 775–782.
Fairuzov, Y. V. , Arenas-Medina, P. , Verdejo-Fierro, J. , and Gonzales-Islas, R. , 2000, “ Flow Pattern Transitions in Horizontal Pipelines Carrying Oil–Water Mixtures; Full-Scale Experiments,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 122(4), pp. 169–175. [CrossRef]
Elseth, G. , 2001, “ An Experimental Study of Oil–Water Flow in Horizontal Pipes,” Ph.D. dissertation, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
Simmons, M. J. H. , and Azzopardi, B. J. , 2001, “ Drop Size Distributions in Dispersed Liquid–Liquid Pipe Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 27(5), pp. 843–859. [CrossRef]
Oddie, G. , Shi, H. , Durlofsky, L. J. , Aziz, K. , Pfeffer, B. , and Holmes, J. A. , 2003, “ Experimental Study of Two and Three Phase Flows in Large Diameter Inclined Pipes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 29(4), pp. 527–558. [CrossRef]
Lovick, J. , and Angeli, P. , 2004, “ Experimental Studies on the Dual Continuous Flow Pattern in Oil–Water Flows,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 30(2), pp. 139–157. [CrossRef]
Vielma, M. , Atmaca, S. , Sarica, C. , and Zhang, H. , 2008, “ Characterization of Oil/Water Flows in Horizontal Pipes,” SPE Proj., Facil. Constr., 3(4), pp. 1–21. [CrossRef]
Brauner, N. , and Moalem, D. , 1992, “ Flow Pattern Transitions in Two-Phase Liquid–Liquid Horizontal Tubes,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 18(1), pp. 123–140. [CrossRef]
Ramshaw, J. D. , and Trapp, J. A. , 1978, “ Characteristics, Stability, and Short-Wavelength Phenomena in Two-Phase Flow Equation System,” Nucl. Sci. Eng., 66(1), pp. 93–102.
Barnea, D. , 1991, “ On the Effect of Viscosity on Stability of Stratified Gas–Liquid Flow; Application to Flow Pattern Transition at Various Pipe Inclinations,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 46(8), pp. 2123–2131. [CrossRef]
Barnea, D. , and Taitel, Y. , 1993, “ Kelvin-Helmholtz Stability Criteria for Stratified Flow; Viscous Versus Non-Viscous (Inviscid) Approaches,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 19(4), pp. 639–649. [CrossRef]
Al-Wahaibi, T. , and Angeli, P. , 2007, “ Transition Between Stratified and Non-Stratified Horizontal Oil–Water Flows; Part I Stability Analysis,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 62(11), pp. 2915–2928. [CrossRef]
Taitel, Y. , and Dukler, A. E. , 1976, “ A Model for Predicting Flow Regime Transitions in Horizontal and Near Horizontal Gas–Liquid Flow,” AIChE J., 22(1), pp. 47–55. [CrossRef]
Barnea, D. , Shoham, O. , and Taitel, Y. , 1982, “ Flow Pattern Transition for Downward Inclined Two-Phase Flow; Horizontal to Vertical,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 37(5), pp. 735–740. [CrossRef]
Barnea, D. , Shoham, O. , and Taitel, Y. , 1982, “ Flow Pattern Transition for Vertical Downward Two-Phase Flow,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 37(5), pp. 741–746. [CrossRef]
Taitel, Y. , Barnea, D. , and Dukler, A. E. , 1980, “ Modeling Flow Pattern Transition for Steady Upward Gas–Liquid Flow in Vertical Tubes,” AIChE J., 26(3), pp. 345–354. [CrossRef]
Hinze, J. , 1955, “ Fundamentals of the Hydrodynamic Mechanism of Splitting in Dispersion Process,” AIChE J., 1(3), pp. 289–295. [CrossRef]
Sevik, M. , and Park, S. H. , 1973, “ The Splitting of Drops and Bubbles by Turbulent Fluid Flow,” ASME J. Fluid Eng., 95(1), pp. 53–60. [CrossRef]
Brodkey, R. S. , 1967, The Phenomena of Fluid Motions, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Reading, MA.
Chen, X. T. , Cai, X. D. , and Brill, J. P. , 1997, “ A General Model for Transition to Dispersed-Bubble Flow,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 52(23), pp. 4373–4380. [CrossRef]
Brauner, N. , and Moalem, D. , 1992, “ Stability Analysis of Stratified Liquid–Liquid Flow,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 18(1), pp. 103–121. [CrossRef]
Brauner, N. , 2001, “ The Prediction of Dispersed Flows Boundaries in Liquid–Liquid and Gas–Liquid Systems,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 27(5), pp. 885–910. [CrossRef]
Kolmogorov, A. N. , 1949, “ On the Breaking of Drops in Turbulent Flow,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk, 66, pp. 825–828.
Clay, P. H. , 1940, The Mechanism of Emulsion Formation in Turbulent Flow, Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Vol. 43, pp. 852–965.
Barnea, D. , 1986, “ Transition From Annular Flow and From Dispersed Bubble Flow. Unified Models for the Whole Range of Pipe Inclinations,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 12(5), pp. 733–744. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Oil–water flow patterns after Trallero [1]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Schematic of two-fluid model

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Comparison of model predictions with the experimental data of Trallero [1]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Comparison of model predictions with the experimental data of Angeli [4] with static mixer at the inlet of the pipe

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Comparison of model predictions with the experimental data of Nädler and Mewes [16]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Comparison of model predictions with the experimental data of Soleimani [17]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Comparison of model predictions with the experimental data of Alkaya et al. [18]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Comparison of model predictions with the experimental data of Angeli and Hewitt [5] (acrylic pipe)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Comparison of model predictions with the experimental data of Fairuzov et al. [19]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Comparison of model predictions with the experimental data of Elseth [20]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Comparison of model predictions with the experimental data of Simmons and Azzopardi [21]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Comparison of model predictions with the experimental data of Oddie et al. [22]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Comparison of model predictions with the experimental data of Lovick and Angeli [23]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Comparison of model predictions with the experimental data of Vielma et al. [24]

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In