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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

Static and Dynamic Modeling Comparison of an Adiabatic Compressed Air Energy Storage System

[+] Author and Article Information
Youssef Mazloum

CES—Center for Energy Efficiency of Systems,
MINES ParisTech,
PSL-Research University,
Z.I. Les Glaizes—5 rue Léon Blum,
Palaiseau 91120, France
e-mail: youssef.mazloum@mines-paristech.fr

Haytham Sayah

CES—Center for Energy Efficiency of Systems,
MINES ParisTech,
PSL-Research University,
Z.I. Les Glaizes—5 rue Léon Blum,
Palaiseau 91120, France
e-mail: haytham.sayah@mines-paristech.fr

Maroun Nemer

CES—Center for Energy Efficiency of Systems,
MINES ParisTech,
PSL-Research University,
Z.I. Les Glaizes—5 rue Léon Blum,
Palaiseau 91120, France
e-mail: maroun.nemer@mines-paristech.fr

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received October 13, 2015; final manuscript received April 2, 2016; published online May 5, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Alojz Poredos.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 138(6), 062001 (May 05, 2016) (8 pages) Paper No: JERT-15-1382; doi: 10.1115/1.4033399 History: Received October 13, 2015; Revised April 02, 2016

The large-scale production of renewable energy is limited by the intermittence nature of the renewable energy sources. Moreover, the electricity production of the thermal and nuclear power plants is not flexible with the electricity demand. Hence, the integration of energy storage technologies into the grid has become crucial as it creates a balance between supply and demand for electricity and protects thereby the electrical grid. Among the large-scale energy storage technologies, a novel adiabatic compressed air energy storage (A-CAES) system will be developed in this paper. This storage system is characterized, compared to the conventional compressed air energy storage (CAES) system, by the recovery and the reuse of the compression heat in order to improve the system efficiency and avoid the use of fossil fuel sources. This paper discusses a comparison between the static and dynamic modeling of the A-CAES system performed by a computer simulation using “Modelica.” Unlike the static model, the dynamic model takes into account the mechanical inertia of the turbomachinery (compressors and turbines) as well as the thermal inertia of the heat exchangers. Consequently, it enables studying the flexibility of the storage system and its ability to meet the electrical grid requirements (primary and secondary reserves) by evaluating the duration of the transient states. Furthermore, the comparison between the static and dynamic models permits to estimate the efficiency losses due to the transient evolutions.The results show that the storage system needs more than 2 min before being able to consume all the excess energy available on the electrical grid and more than 5 min before being able to produce all the energy required by the electrical grid. These time frames are due especially to the transient states (start-up) of the turbomachines. Finally, the system efficiency is 64.7%, the transient states of the system cause losses of 0.9%. These small losses are explained by the short duration of the transient states relative to that of the steady states (15 hrs).

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic of the A-CAES plant

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Fig. 2

Static and dynamic internal pressures of the cavern

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Fig. 3

Static and dynamic polytropic efficiencies of the compressor low-pressure stage

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Fig. 4

Static and dynamic polytropic efficiencies of the turbine high-pressure stage

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Fig. 5

Static and dynamic compressor mass flow rates

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Fig. 6

Static and dynamic compressor powers

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Fig. 7

Static and dynamic turbine mass flow rates

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Fig. 8

Static and dynamic turbine powers

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Fig. 9

Static and dynamic water output temperatures of the low-pressure cooler

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Fig. 10

Static and dynamic temperatures of the hot water tanks

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Fig. 11

Static and dynamic air output temperatures of the high-pressure heater

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