0
Research Papers: Fuel Combustion

Diesoline, Diesohol, and Diesosene Fuelled HCCI Engine Development

[+] Author and Article Information
Akhilendra Pratap Singh

Engine Research Laboratory,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur,
Kanpur 208016, India
e-mail: akhips@iitk.ac.in

Avinash Kumar Agarwal

Engine Research Laboratory,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur,
Kanpur 208016, India
e-mail: akag@iitk.ac.in

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Internal Combustion Engine Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received February 26, 2015; final manuscript received April 25, 2016; published online June 14, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Stephen A. Ciatti.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 138(5), 052212 (Jun 14, 2016) (13 pages) Paper No: JERT-15-1090; doi: 10.1115/1.4033571 History: Received February 26, 2015; Revised April 25, 2016

Compression ignition (CI) engines are facing strong restrictive emission norms globally, which demand extremely low oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) emissions. Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine is a very attractive solution to meet these stringent emission challenges due to its capability to simultaneously reduce NOx and PM. In this study, HCCI combustion was investigated using different test fuels such as diesoline (15% v/v gasoline with diesel), diesohol (15% v/v ethanol with diesel), and diesosene (15% v/v kerosene with diesel) vis-a-vis baseline mineral diesel. A dedicated fuel vaporizer was used for homogeneous fuel–air mixture preparation. The experiments were performed at constant intake charge temperature (180 °C), fixed exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) (15%) at different engine loads. Stable combustion characteristics were determined for diesosene at lower engine loads, however, diesoline and diesohol yielded improved emissions compared to baseline diesel HCCI combustion. At higher loads, diesoline and diesosene showed higher knocking tendency compared to baseline diesel and diesohol. Diesohol showed lower NOx and smoke opacity, however, diesoline and diesosene showed slightly lower hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions compared to baseline diesel HCCI combustion. Performance results of diesohol and diesosene were slightly inferior compared to diesel and diesoline HCCI combustion. Physical characterization of exhaust particulates was done for these test fuels using engine exhaust particle sizer (EEPS). Particle number-size distribution showed that most particles emitted from diesoline and diesohol were in ultrafine size range and baseline diesel and diesosene emitted relatively larger particles. Reduction in total particle number concentration with addition of volatile fuel components in mineral diesel was another important observation of this study.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Singh, G. , Singh, A. P. , and Agarwal, A. K. , 2014, “ Experimental Investigations of Combustion, Performance, and Emission Characterization of Biodiesel Fuelled HCCI Engine Using External Mixture Formation Technique,” Sustainable Energy Technol. Assess., 6, pp. 116–128. [CrossRef]
Yamada, H. , Suzaki, K. , Sakanashi, H. , Choi, N. , Choi, N. , and Tezaki, A. , 2005, “ Kinetic Measurements in Homogeneous Charge Compression of Dimethylether: Role of Intermediate Formaldehyde Controlling Chain Branching in the Low-Temperature Oxidation Mechanism,” Combust. Flame, 140(1–2), pp. 24–33. [CrossRef]
Flowers, D. , Aceves, S. , Westbrook, C. K. , Smith, J. R. , and Dibble, R. , 2000, “ Detailed Chemical Kinetic Simulation of Natural Gas HCCI Combustion: Gas Composition Effects and Investigation of Control Strategies,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 123(2), pp. 433–439. [CrossRef]
Aoyama, T. , Hattori, Y. , Mizuta, J. , and Sato, Y. , 1996, “ An Experimental Study on Premixed Charge Compression Ignition Gasoline Engine,” SAE Technical Paper No. 960081.
Mancaruso, E. , and Vaglieco, B. M. , 2010, “ Optical Investigation of the Combustion Behavior Inside the Engine Operating in HCCI Mode and Using Alternative Diesel Fuel,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 34(3), pp. 346–351. [CrossRef]
Singh, A. P. , and Agarwal, A. K. , 2012, “ Combustion Characteristics of Diesel HCCI Engine: An Experimental Investigation Using External Mixture Formation Technique,” Appl. Energy, 99, pp. 116–125. [CrossRef]
Onishi, S. , Jo, S. H. , Shoda, K. , Jo, P. D. , and Kato, S. , 1979, “ Active Thermo-Atmosphere Combustion (ATAC)—A New Combustion Process for Internal Combustion Engines,” SAE Technical Paper No. 790501.
Najt, P. M. , and Foster, D. E. , 1983, “ Compression-Ignited Homogeneous Charge Combustion,” SAE Technical Paper No. 830264.
Yao, M. , Zheng, Z. , and Liu, H. , 2009, “ Progress and Recent Trends in Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engines,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 35(5), pp. 398–437. [CrossRef]
Ryan, T. , and Callahan, T. , 1996, “ Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition of Diesel Fuel,” SAE Technical Paper No. 961160.
Dec, J. E. , and Kelly-Zion, P. L. , 2000, “ The Effects of Injection Timing and Diluents Addition on Late-Combustion Soot Burnout in a DI Diesel Engine Based on Simultaneous 2D Imaging of OH and Soot,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2000-01-0238.
Shawn, M. M. , Yann, G. , and Giorgio, R. , 2003, “ Mixed-Mode Diesel HCCI With External Mixture Formation,” Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER 2003), Newport, RI, Aug. 24–28.
Ganesh, D. , and Nagarajan, G. , 2009, “ Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Combustion of Diesel Fuel With External Mixture Formation,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2009-01-0924.
Kittelson, D. B. , and Franklin, L. , 2010, “ Nanoparticle Emissions From an Ethanol Fuelled HCCI Engine,” Cambridge Particle Meeting 2010, Minneapolis, MN, May 21.
Agarwal, A. K. , Lukose, J. , Singh, A. P. , and Gupta, T. , 2013, “ Characterization of Exhaust Particulates From Diesel Fuelled Homogenous Charge Compression Ignition Combustion Engine,” J. Aerosol Sci., 58, pp. 71–85. [CrossRef]
Agarwal, A. K. , Gupta, T. , Lukose, J. , and Singh, A. P. , 2015, “ Particulate Characterization and Size Distribution of Gasoline Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Engine,” Aerosol Air Qual. Res., 15(2), pp. 504–516.
Chao, Y. , Jian-xin, W. , Zhi, W. , and Shi-jin, S. , 2013, “ Comparative Study on Gasoline Homogeneous Charge Induced Ignition (HCII) by Diesel and Gasoline/Diesel Blend Fuels (GDBF) Combustion,” Fuel, 106, pp. 470–477. [CrossRef]
Han, D. , Andrew, M. I. , and Stanislav, V . B. , 2011, “ Premixed Low-Temperature Combustion of Blends of Diesel and Gasoline in a High Speed Compression Ignition Engine,” Proc. Combust. Inst., 33(2), pp. 3039–3046. [CrossRef]
Tongroon, M. , and Zhao, H. , 2010, “ Combustion Characteristics of CAI Combustion With Alcohol Fuels,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2010-01-0843.
Petrovic, V. S. , Jankovic, S. P. , Tomic, M. V. , Jovanovich, Z. S. , and Knezevic, D. M. , 2011, “ The Possibilities for Measurement and Characterization of Diesel Engine Fine Particles—A Review,” Therm. Sci., 15(4), pp. 915–938. [CrossRef]
Saxena, S. , Schneider, S. , Aceves, S. , and Dibble, R. , 2012, “ Wet Ethanol in HCCI Engines With Exhaust Heat Recovery to Improve the Energy Balance of Ethanol Fuels,” Appl. Energy, 98, pp. 448–457. [CrossRef]
Saxena, S. , Vuilleumier, D. , Kozarac, D. , Krieck, M. , Dibble, R. , and Aceves, S. , 2014, “ Optimal Operating Conditions for Wet Ethanol in a HCCI Engine Using Exhaust Gas Heat Recovery,” Appl. Energy, 116, pp. 269–277. [CrossRef]
Macka, J. H. , Aceves, S. M. , and Dibble, R. W. , 2009, “ Demonstrating Direct Use of Wet Ethanol in a Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engine,” Energy, 34(6), pp. 782–787. [CrossRef]
Li, D. G. , Zhen, H. , Xingcai, L. , Wu, Z. , and Jian, Y. , 2006, “ Physico-Chemical Properties of Ethanol–Diesel Blend Fuel and Its Effect on Performance and Emissions of Diesel Engines,” Renewable Energy, 30(6), pp. 967–976. [CrossRef]
Mohammadi, A. , Kee, S. , Ishiyama, T. , Kakuta, T. , and Matsumoto, T. , 2005, “ Implementation of Ethanol Diesel Blend Fuels in PCCI Combustion,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2005-01-3712.
Ahmed, I. , 2001, “ Oxygenated Diesel: Emissions and Performance Characteristics of Ethanol–Diesel Blends in CI Engines,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2001-01-2475.
He, B. Q. , Shuai, S. J. , Wang, J. X. , and He, H. , 2013, “ The Effect of Ethanol Blended Diesel Fuels on Emissions From a Diesel Engine,” Atmos. Environ., 37(35), pp. 4965–4971. [CrossRef]
Yadav, S. , Murthy, K. , Mishra, D. , and Baral, B. , 2005, “ Estimation of Petrol and Diesel Adulteration With Kerosene and Assessment of Usefulness of Selected Automobile Fuel Quality Test Parameters,” Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 1(4), pp. 253–258. [CrossRef]
Pathak, S. , Aigal, A. K. , Sharma, M. L. , Narayanan, L. , and Saxena, M. , 2005, “ Reduction of Exhaust Emissions in a Kerosene Operated Genset for Electrical Energy Applications,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2005-26-026.
Bergstrand, P. , 2007, “ Effects on Combustion by Using Kerosene or MK1 Diesel,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2007-01-0002.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

HCCI experimental setup

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Schematic of the fuel vaporizer

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Schematic of fuel injection and DAQ system

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Volatility characteristics of test fuels

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Injector calibration curves for mineral diesel, diesohol, diesoline, and diesosene

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

In-cylinder pressure variation at different λ for constant intake air temperature and EGR

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

RoHR at different λ for constant intake air temperature and EGR

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Maximum in-cylinder pressure, maximum RoPR and position of maximum in-cylinder pressure at different relative fuel–air ratios for constant intake air temperature and EGR

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

SoC, 50% MFB and combustion duration at different relative fuel–air ratios for constant intake air temperature and EGR

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Knock integral, noise and knock peak at different relative fuel–air ratios for constant intake air temperature and EGR

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Performance parameters at different relative fuel–air ratios for constant intake air temperature and EGR

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Exhaust gas analysis at different λ for constant intake air temperature and EGR

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

(a) PAH emissions at different λ for constant intake air temperature and EGR and (b) percentage change in PAH emissions using different fuel blends w.r.t. baseline mineral diesel

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Particle number-size distribution at different λ for constant intake air temperature and EGR

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

Particle concentration at different λ for constant intake air temperature and EGR (a) total number concentration and (b) percentage contribution of nanoparticles and ultrafine particles in total number concentration of particles

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

Particle size-surface area distribution at different λ for constant intake air temperature and EGR

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 17

Particle size-mass distribution at different λ for constant intake air temperature and EGR

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 18

Particle mass distribution in nanorange and ultrafine range for different λ at constant intake air temperature and EGR

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In