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Technology Review

Nanotechnology in Batteries

[+] Author and Article Information
Kaufui Wong, Sarah Dia

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,
University of Miami,
Gables, FL 33146

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received September 5, 2016; final manuscript received September 23, 2016; published online October 20, 2016. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 139(1), 014001 (Oct 20, 2016) (6 pages) Paper No: JERT-16-1360; doi: 10.1115/1.4034860 History: Received September 05, 2016; Revised September 23, 2016

A relatively new field, nanotechnology has seen an expansion onto almost every scientific sector since its origin in the 1980s. This work focuses on the potential of nanotechnology in batteries, in particular, with a review of the current and past developments in the field. For smaller applications using lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), it appears that nanotechnology has established a firm foothold. The possibilities for mainstreaming this advance in large batteries, e.g., grid batteries are researched, and developments to date are reported. Viable grid batteries are the key to adapting wind, water, and solar (WWS) sources of energy for the power grid since none of these WWS resources are available every single hour of the day and night.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Visible improvements offered from Li-ion batteries, even before nanotechnology, as compared to older models [5,7]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Energy density comparison [5,7,27]

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