0
Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

Energy and Exergy Analyses of a Power Plant With Carbon Dioxide Capture Using Multistage Chemical Looping Combustion

[+] Author and Article Information
Bilal Hassan, Oghare Victor Ogidiama, Mohammed N. Khan

Institute Center for Energy (iEnergy),
Department of Mechanical and
Materials Engineering,
Masdar Institute of Science and Technology,
Masdar City 54224, Abu Dhabi, UAE

Tariq Shamim

Institute Center for Energy (iEnergy),
Department of Mechanical and
Materials Engineering,
Masdar Institute of Science and Technology,
Masdar City 54224, Abu Dhabi, UAE
e-mail: tshamim@masdar.ac.ae

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received April 13, 2016; final manuscript received October 19, 2016; published online November 10, 2016. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 139(3), 032002 (Nov 10, 2016) (9 pages) Paper No: JERT-16-1170; doi: 10.1115/1.4035057 History: Received April 13, 2016; Revised October 19, 2016

A thermodynamic model and parametric analysis of a natural gas-fired power plant with carbon dioxide (CO2) capture using multistage chemical looping combustion (CLC) are presented. CLC is an innovative concept and an attractive option to capture CO2 with a significantly lower energy penalty than other carbon-capture technologies. The principal idea behind CLC is to split the combustion process into two separate steps (redox reactions) carried out in two separate reactors: an oxidation reaction and a reduction reaction, by introducing a suitable metal oxide which acts as an oxygen carrier (OC) that circulates between the two reactors. In this study, an Aspen Plus model was developed by employing the conservation of mass and energy for all components of the CLC system. In the analysis, equilibrium-based thermodynamic reactions with no OC deactivation were considered. The model was employed to investigate the effect of various key operating parameters such as air, fuel, and OC mass flow rates, operating pressure, and waste heat recovery on the performance of a natural gas-fired power plant with multistage CLC. The results of these parameters on the plant's thermal and exergetic efficiencies are presented. Based on the lower heating value, the analysis shows a thermal efficiency gain of more than 6 percentage points for CLC-integrated natural gas power plants compared to similar power plants with pre- or post-combustion CO2 capture technologies.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Richter, H. , and Knoche, K. , 1983, “ Reversibility of Combustion Processes,” ACS Symposium Series, 235, pp. 71–85.
Han, T. , Hong, H. , Jin, H. , and Zhang, C. , 2011, “ An Advanced Power-Generation System With CO2 Recovery Integrating DME Fueled Chemical-Looping Combustion,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 133(1), p. 012201. [CrossRef]
Junk, M. , Reitz, M. , Ströhle, J. , and Epple, B. , 2016, “ Technical and Economical Assessment of the Indirectly Heated Carbonate Looping Process,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 138(4), p. 042210. [CrossRef]
Hoeftberger, D. , and Karl, J. , 2016, “ The Indirectly Heated Carbonate Looping Process for CO2 Capture—A Concept With Heat Pipe Heat Exchanger,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 138(4), p. 042211. [CrossRef]
Khan, M. N. , and Shamim, T. , 2016, “ Investigation of Hydrogen Generation in a Three Reactor Chemical Looping Reforming Process,” Appl. Energy, 162, pp. 1186–1194. [CrossRef]
Hamilton, M. A. , Whitty, K. J. , and Lighty, J. S. , 2016, “ Numerical Simulation Comparison of Two Reactor Configurations for Chemical Looping Combustion and Chemical Looping With Oxygen Uncoupling,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 138(4), p. 042213. [CrossRef]
Banerjee, S. , and Agarwal, R. K. , 2015, “ An Eulerian Approach to Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation of a Chemical-Looping Combustion Reactor With Chemical Reactions,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 138(4), p. 042201. [CrossRef]
Ishida, M. , and Jin, H. , 1996, “ A Novel Chemical-Looping Combustor Without NOx Formation,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 35(7), pp. 2469–2472. [CrossRef]
Naqvi, R. , Bolland, O. , Brandvoll, O. , and Helle, K. , 2004, “ Chemical Looping Combustion Analysis of Natural Gas Fired Power Cycles With Inherent CO2 Capture,” ASME Paper No. GT2004-53359.
Naqvi, R. , Wolf, J. , and Bolland, O. , 2007, “ Part-Load Analysis of a Chemical-Looping Combustion (CLC) Combined Cycle With CO2 Capture,” Energy, 32(4), pp. 360–370. [CrossRef]
Brandvoll, O. , and Bolland, O. , 2004, “ Inherent CO2 Capture Using Chemical Looping Combustion in a Natural Gas Fired Power Cycle,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbine Power, 126(2), pp. 316–321. [CrossRef]
Consonni, S. , Lozza, G. , Pelliccia, G. , Rossini, S. , and Saviano, F. , 2006, “ Chemical-Looping Combustion for Combined Cycles With CO2 Capture,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 128(3), pp. 525–534. [CrossRef]
Wolf, J. , 2004, “ CO2 Mitigation in Advanced Power Cycles—Chemical Looping Combustion and Steam-Based Gasification,” Doctoral thesis, KTH Chemical Engineering and Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:14747/FULLTEXT01.pdf
Wolf, J. , and Yan, J. , 2005, “ Parametric Study of Chemical Looping Combustion for Trigeneration of Hydrogen Heat and Electrical Power With CO2 Capture,” Int. J. Energy Res., 29(8), pp. 739–753.
Álvaro, Á. J. , Paniagua, I . L. , Fernández, C. G. , Martín, J. R. , and Carlier, R. N. , 2015, “ Simulation of an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle With Chemical-Looping Combustion and Carbon Dioxide Sequestration,” Energy Conversion Manage., 104, pp. 170–179. [CrossRef]
Petrakopoulou, F. , Tsatsaronis, G. , and Morosuk, T. , 2010, “ Conventional Exergetic and Exergoeconomic Analyses of a Power Plant With Chemical Looping Combustion for CO2 Capture,” Int. J. Thermodyn., 13(3), pp. 77–86. http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/issue.php?id=8849&id_issue=844625
Peltola, P. , Tynjälä, T. , Ritvanen, J. , and Hyppänen, T. , 2014, “ Mass, Energy, and Exergy Balance Analysis of Chemical Looping With Oxygen Uncoupling (CLOU) Process,” Energy Conversion Manage., 87, pp. 483–494. [CrossRef]
Khan, M. N. , and Shamim, T. , 2016, “ Energy and Exergy Analysis of a Power Plant Based on a Three Reactor Chemical Looping Reforming System,” Int. J. Therm. Environ. Eng., 11(2), pp. 125–130.
Wolf, J. , Anheden, M. , and Yan, J. , 2005, “ Comparison of Nickel- and Iron-Based Oxygen Carriers in Chemical Looping Combustion for CO2 Capture in Power Generation,” Fuel, 84(7–8), pp. 993–1006. [CrossRef]
Hassan, B. , and Shamim, T. , 2013, “ Effect of Oxygen Carriers on Performance of Power Plants With Chemical Looping Combustion,” Proc. Eng., 56, pp. 407–412. [CrossRef]
Hossain, M. M. , and Lasa, H. L. D. , 2008, “ Chemical–Looping Combustion (CLC) for Inherent CO2 Separations—A Review,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 63(18), pp. 4433–4451. [CrossRef]
Bilgen, S. , 2009, “ Calculation and Interpretation of the Standard Chemical Exergies of Elements Using the Chemical Reference Species,” Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 25(8), pp. 1645–1649.
Rivero, R. , and Garfias, M. , 2006, “ Standard Chemical Exergy of Elements Updated,” Energy, 31(15), pp. 3310–3326. [CrossRef]
Cengel, Y. A. , and Boles, M. A. , 2008, Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach, 7th ed., McGraw Hill, New York.
Anheden, M. , and Svedberg, G. , 1998, “ Energy Analysis of Chemical-Looping Combustion Systems,” Energy Conversion Manage, 39(16–18), pp. 1967–1980. [CrossRef]
Boot-Handford, M. E. , Abanades, J. C. , Anthony, E. J. , Blunt, M. J. , Brandani, S. , Mac Dowell, N. , Fernández, J. R. , Ferrari, M. C. , Gross, R. , Hallett, J. P. , and Haszeldine, R. S. , 2014, “ Carbon Capture and Storage Update,” Energy Environ. Sci., 7(1) pp. 130–189. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic representation of a generalized CLC cell

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Schematic representation of the CLC-based natural gas power plant used in the current study

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

The power plant configuration represented in Aspen Plus flow sheet. CLC cells are shown as gray circuits.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Effect of incoming fuel mass flow rate on key plant temperatures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Effect of incoming fuel mass flow rate on plant efficiencies

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Effect of feed air mass flow rate on key plant temperatures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Effect of feed air mass flow rate on plant efficiencies

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Effect of OC (metal) mass flow rate on key plant temperatures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Effect of OC (metal) mass flow rate on plant efficiencies

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Effect of CLC operating pressure on key plant temperatures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Effect of CLC operating pressure on plant efficiencies

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Effect of extent of exhaust waste heat recovered on key plant temperatures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Effect of extent of exhaust waste heat recovered on plant efficiencies

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Effect of inactive inert concentration within OC on plant cumulative work output and thermal efficiency

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In