0
Research Papers: Petroleum Engineering

Lab Testing and Finite Element Method Simulation of Hole Deflector Performance for Radial Jet Drilling

[+] Author and Article Information
Bin Wang

State Key Laboratory of
Petroleum Resources and Prospecting,
China University of Petroleum Beijing,
Beijing 102249, China
e-mail: binwang.0213@gmail.com

Gensheng Li

State Key Laboratory of
Petroleum Resources and Prospecting,
China University of Petroleum Beijing,
Beijing 102249, China
e-mail: ligs@cup.edu.cn

Zhongwei Huang

State Key Laboratory of
Petroleum Resources and Prospecting,
China University of Petroleum Beijing,
Beijing 102249, China
e-mail: huangzw@cup.edu.cn

Tianqi Ma

Department of Mechanics and Engineering Science,
Fudan University,
Shanghai 200000, China
e-mail: mtq1992@126.com

Dongbo Zheng

State Key Laboratory of
Petroleum Resources and Prospecting,
China University of Petroleum Beijing,
Beijing 102249, China
e-mail: 736532480@qq.com

Kui Li

No. 1 Drilling Company,
Sinopec Oilfield Service Jianghan Corporation,
Qianjiang 433123, China
e-mail: 306205543@qq.com

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received January 26, 2016; final manuscript received December 14, 2016; published online February 6, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Daoyong (Tony) Yang.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 139(3), 032906 (Feb 06, 2017) (10 pages) Paper No: JERT-16-1054; doi: 10.1115/1.4035552 History: Received January 26, 2016; Revised December 14, 2016

Radial jet drilling (RJD) is an efficient approach for improving the productivity of wells in low permeability, marginal and coal-bed methane (CBM) reservoirs at a very low cost. It uses high-pressure water jet to drill lateral holes from a vertical wellbore. The length of the lateral holes is greatly influenced by the frictional resistance in the hole deflector. However, the hole deflector frictional resistance and structure design have not been well studied. This work fills that gap. Frictional resistances were measured in a full-scale experiment and calculated by numerical simulation. The structure of the hole deflector was parameterized and a geometric model was developed to design the hole deflector track. An empirical model was then established to predict the frictional resistance as a function of the hole deflector structure parameters and an optimization method for designing the hole deflector was proposed. Finally, four types of hole deflectors were optimized using this method. The results show good agreement between the numerical simulation and the experimental data. The model error is within 11.6%. The bend radius R and exit angle β are the key factors affecting the performance of the hole deflector. The validation test was conducted for a case hole deflector (5½ in. casing). The measured frictional resistance was decreased from 31.44 N to 23.16 N by 26.34%. The results from this research could serve as a reference for the design of hole deflectors for radial jet drilling.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Dickinson, W. , Anderson, R. R. , and Dickinson, R. W. , 1989, “ The Ultrashort-Radius Radial System,” SPE Drill. Eng., 4(3), pp. 247–254. [CrossRef]
Dickinson, W. , and Dickinson, R. W. , 1985, “ Horizontal Radial Jet Drilling System,” SPE California Regional Meeting, Bakersfield, CA, Mar. 27–29, Paper No. SPE-13949-MS.
Li, Y. , Wang, C. , and Shi, L. , 2000, “ Application and Development of Drilling and Completion of the Ultrashort-Bend Radius Radial Well by High Pressure Jet Flow Techniques,” International Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Beijing, China, Nov. 7–10, Paper No. SPE-64756-MS.
Kamel, A. A. , and Cinelli, S. , 2013, “ Novel Technique to Drill Horizontal Laterals Revitalizes Aging Field,” SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Mar. 5–7, Paper No. SPE-163405-MS.
Liang, Z. , Ge, Y. , Li, J. , Shi, Z. , Gao, X. , and Ma, Y. , 2011, “ Application of Radial Horizontal Well Technology in CBM Exploration (in Chinese),” J. Liaoning Tech. Univ. (Nat. Sci.), 30(3), pp. 349–352.
Dickinson, W. , Dystra, H. , Nordlund, R. , and Dickinson, W. , 1993, “ Coiled Tubing Radials Placed by Jet Drilling, Field Results, Theory and Practices,” SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, TX, Oct. 11–13, Paper No. SPE-26348-MS.
Cirigliano, R. A. , Felipe, J. , Blacutt, T. , 2007, “ First Experience in the Application of Radial Perforation Technology in Deep Wells,” SPE Latin American & Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Apr. 15–18, Paper No. SPE-107182-MS.
Bruni, M. , Biassotti, H. , and Salomone, G. , 2007, “ Radial Jet Drilling in Argentina,” SPE Latin American & Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Apr. 15–18, Paper No. SPE-107382-MS.
Ragab, S. , Adel, M. , and Kamel, A. M. , 2013, “ Radial Jet Drilling Technique for Improving Well Productivity in Petrobel-Egypt,” SPE North Africa Technical Conference & Exhibition, Cairo, Egypt, Apr. 15–17, Paper No. SPE-164773-MS.
Yi, S. , Zhang, L. , and Li, X. , 2000, “ Analysis of Parameters for Serving Trajectory of Drill Pipe in Horizontal Holes (in Chinese),” China Pet. Mach., 28(5), pp. 1–4.
Yang, R. , Huang, Z. , Li, G. , Shen, Z. , Li, K. , Chi, H. , and Wang, B. , 2015, “ Slotted Liner Sheathing Coiled Tubing—A New Concept for Multilateral Jetting in Coalbed Methane Wells and Laboratory Tests of Tubular Friction Performance,” J. Natl. Gas Sci. Eng., 26, pp. 1332–1343. [CrossRef]
Landers, C. W. , 1993, “ Method of and Apparatus for Horizontal Well Drilling,” U.S. Patent No. 5,853,056.
Wang, B. , Li, G. , Huang, Z. , Li, J. , Zheng, D. , and Li, H. , 2016, “ Hydraulics Calculations and Field Application of Radial Jet Drilling,” SPE Drill. Completion, 3(1), pp. 71–81. [CrossRef]
Manshad, A. K. , Rostami, H. , Hosseini, S. M. , and Rezaei, H. , 2016, “ Application of Artificial Neural Network–Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm for Prediction of Gas Condensate Dew Point Pressure and Comparison With Gaussian Processes Regression–Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 138(3), p. 032903. [CrossRef]
Mirzabeygi, P. , and Zhang, C. , 2016, “ Multi-Objective Optimization of a Steam Surface Condenser Using the Territorial Particle Swarm Technique,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 138(5), p. 052001. [CrossRef]
García, J. M. , Vasquez Padilla, R. , and Sanjuan, M. E. , 2016, “ Response Surface Optimization of an Ammonia–Water Combined Power/Cooling Cycle Based on Exergetic Analysis,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 139(2), p. 022001. [CrossRef]
Yilmaz, N. , Ileri, E. , Atmanlı, A. , Karaoglan, A. D. , Okkan, U. , and Kocak, M. S. , 2016, “ Predicting the Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions of a Diesel Engine Fueled With Hazelnut Oil Methyl Ester: The Performance Comparison of Response Surface Methodology and LSSVM,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 138(5), p. 052206. [CrossRef]
Yu, W. , and Sepehrnoori, K. , 2014, “ An Efficient Reservoir-Simulation Approach to Design and Optimize Unconventional Gas Production,” J. Can. Pet. Technol., 53(2), pp. 109–212. [CrossRef]
Anderson, M. J. , and Whitcomb, P. J. , 2004, RSM Simplified: Optimizing Processes Using Response Surface Methods for Design of Experiments, CRC Press, New York.
Box, G. E. P. , and Draper, N. R. , 1987, Empirical Model-Building and Response Surfaces, Wiley, New York.
Yeoh, O. H. , 1993, “ Some Forms of the Strain Energy Function for Rubber,” Rubber Chem. Technol., 66(5), pp. 754–771. [CrossRef]
Xu, Z. , 2009, “ Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis of Tire Subjected Multi-Load Cases,” M.S. thesis, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China (in Chinese).
Oberg, E. , Jones, F. D. , Horton, H. L. , Ryffel, H. H. , and Geronimo, J. H. , 2004, Machinery's handbook, Vol. 200, Industrial Press, New York.
Shahram, D. , Ali, T. , and Nemat, M. , 2015, “ Numerical Shape Optimization of a Wind Turbine Blades Using Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 137(5), p. 051210. [CrossRef]
Shih, R. , and Schilling, P. , 2012, Parametric Modeling With Solidworks 2012, SDC Publications, Mission, KS.
Huang, Z. W. , Li, G. S. , Tang, Z. J. , Niu, J. L. , and Wu, Z. H. , 2013, “ Technology of Hydra-Jet Sidetracking of Horizontal Micro-Radial Laterals (in Chinese),” Pet. Drill. Tech., 41(4), pp. 37–41.
Antsov, M. , Dorogin, L. , Vlassov, S. , Polyakov, B. , Vahtrus, M. , Mougin, K. , Lõhmus, R. , and Kink, I. , 2014, “ Analysis of Static Friction and Elastic Forces in a Nanowire Bent on a Flat Surface: A Comparative Study,” Tribol. Int., 72, pp. 31–34. [CrossRef]
Farahbod, F. , and Farahmand, S. , 2016, “ Introduction of Novel Process for Sweetening of Sour Crude Oil: Optimization of Process,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 139(2), p. 022907. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Radial jet drilling system [13]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Casing milling and jet drilling

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

The force analysis of the high-pressure hose in the hole deflector

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

The structure parameters of hole deflector

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

CCD design points at design space (Factors:3)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Schematic diagram of radial jet drilling experimental system

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

FEM model of the hole deflector and the high-pressure hose

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Comparison of the simulated and experimental results in No. 15 deflector

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Comparison of the simulated and experimental results

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Response surface diagram for frictional resistance as α and β vary (R = 95 mm)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Response surface diagram for frictional resistance as α and R vary (β = 97.5 deg)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Response surface diagram for frictional resistance as β and R vary (α = 161.5 deg)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Sensitivity analysis for design deflector structure parameters

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Effect of design parameters on track width

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

Effect of design parameters on track length

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

Hole deflector design flow chart

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 17

Comparison of original and optimized frictional resistance

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 18

Stress contour of the high-pressure hose

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 19

Comparison of hose deformation and contact status between different β (90–105°)

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In