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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

Parametric Analysis and Comparison of Ejector Expansion Refrigeration Cycles With Constant Area and Constant Pressure Ejectors

[+] Author and Article Information
Candeniz Seckin

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Faculty of Engineering,
Marmara University,
Goztepe Campus,
Istanbul 34722, Turkey
e-mails: denizseckin1@gmail.com;
candeniz.seckin@marmara.edu.tr

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received February 20, 2017; final manuscript received March 24, 2017; published online April 25, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Esmail M. A. Mokheimer.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 139(4), 042006 (Apr 25, 2017) (10 pages) Paper No: JERT-17-1090; doi: 10.1115/1.4036383 History: Received February 20, 2017; Revised March 24, 2017

In this work, parametric analysis of ejector expansion refrigeration cycles (EERC) with two different types of ejectors (constant area (CA) ejector and constant pressure (CP) ejector) is performed, and comparison of the results is presented. Effects of variation in operational parameters (condenser temperature, evaporator temperature, and cooling capacity) on coefficient of performance (COP), entrainment ratio (w), and pressure lift factor (Plf) are investigated. The range of variation for evaporator temperature, condenser temperature, and cooling capacity are −5 to 15 °C, 50–70 °C, and 10–80 kW, respectively. The ejector refrigeration cycle is simulated by ees software. The obtained results are validated by the experimental data available in the literature. The refrigerant R134a is selected based on the merit of its environmental and performance characteristics. The results show that the effect of evaporator temperature is much higher than that of condenser temperature on Plf. In contrast, the influence of condenser temperature on COP is much stronger than that of evaporator temperature. It is seen that COP and Plf of ejector expansion refrigeration cycle with constant pressure ejector (CP-EERC) are higher than those of refrigeration cycle with constant area ejector.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

(a) Schematic overview of EERC and (b) P-h diagram of EERC

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Fig. 2

Constant pressure ejector design

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Fig. 3

Constant area ejector design

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Fig. 9

Variation of COP and Plf with condenser temperature (Tcon)

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Fig. 8

Variation of COP and w versus condenser temperature (Tcon)

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Fig. 7

Variation of COP and Plf with evaporator temperature (Tevap)

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Fig. 6

Variation of COP and w versus evaporator temperature (Tevap)

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Fig. 5

Flowchart of the simulation program for EERC with constant pressure ejector

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Fig. 4

Flowchart of the simulation program for EERC with constant area ejector

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