Research Papers: Environmental Aspect of Energy Sources 

Evaluating the Performance of a Newly Developed Carbon Capture Device for Mobile Emission Sources

[+] Author and Article Information
Samer F. Ahmed

Thermofluids Group,
Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
College of Engineering,
Qatar University,
P.O. Box 2713,
Doha 2713, Qatar
e-mail: sahmed@qu.edu.qa

Mert Atilhan

Department of Chemical Engineering,
College of Engineering,
Qatar University,
P.O. Box 2713,
Doha 2713, Qatar
e-mail: mert.atilhan@gmail.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received May 1, 2017; final manuscript received May 27, 2017; published online July 17, 2017. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 139(6), 062101 (Jul 17, 2017) (8 pages) Paper No: JERT-17-1191; doi: 10.1115/1.4036962 History: Received May 01, 2017; Revised May 27, 2017

In the present study, a new carbon capture device that can be carried on-board vehicles has been developed and tested. The developed device uses absorption and adsorption methods of postcombustion CO2 capture. Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) pellets and calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2 have been used as solvents and sorbents in the device. The CO2 capture efficiency has been evaluated at a wide range of operating conditions. The results showed that the higher the concentration of the solvent, the higher the capture efficiency, i.e., w 100% capture efficiency, being obtained at full saturation of NaOH. In addition, the increase in the solution temperature increases the capture efficiency up to 50 °C. Design of the gas distributer in the device has also a notable effect on CO2 capture. It was found that solvent prepared with seawater can provide high capture efficiency over a wide range of operation, but in general, it has a lower capture efficiency than that prepared by tap water. Moreover, solvents prepared by NaOH have a superior CO2 capture efficiency over those prepared by Ca(OH)2. For the adsorption technique, a 50% NaOH and 50% Ca(OH) mixture by mass has provided the highest capture efficiency compared with each sorbent when used alone.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Allwood, J. , and Cullen, J. , 2011, Sustainable Materials With Both Eyes Open, UIT Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
Walsh, P. , 2000, “ Vehicle Emission Trends,” European Conference of Ministers of Transport, Prague, Czech Republic.
EIA, 2016, “ Annual Energy Outlook 2016,” U.S. Energy Information Administration, Washington, DC, accessed June 15, 2017, www.eia.gov
Tola, V. , Cau, G. , Ferrara, F. , and Pettinau, A. , 2016, “ CO2 Emissions Reduction From Coal-Fired Power Generation: A Techno-Economic Comparison,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 138(6), p. 061602. [CrossRef]
Li, S. , Jin, H. , Mumford, K. A. , Smith, K. , and Stevens, G. , 2015, “ IGCC Precombustion CO2 Capture Using K2CO3 Solvent and Utilizing the Intercooling Heat Recovered From CO2 Compressors for CO2 Regeneration,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 137(4), p. 042002. [CrossRef]
Cohen, S. M. , Rochelle, G. T. , and Webber, M. E. , 2010, “ Turning CO2 Capture On and Off in Response to Electric Grid Demand: A Baseline Analysis of Emissions and Economics,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 132(2), p. 021003. [CrossRef]
Hassan, B. , Ogidiama, O. V. , Khan, M. N. , and Shamim, T. , 2016, “ Energy and Exergy Analyses of a Power Plant With Carbon Dioxide Capture Using Multistage Chemical Looping Combustion,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 139(3), p. 032002. [CrossRef]
Hoeftberger, D. , and Karl, J. , 2016, “ The Indirectly Heated Carbonate Looping Process for CO2 Capture—A Concept With Heat Pipe Heat Exchanger,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 138(4), p. 042211. [CrossRef]
Al-Ameri, W. A. , Abdulraheem, A. , and Mahmoud, M. , 2015, “ Long-Term Effects of CO2 Sequestration on Rock Mechanical Properties,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 138(1), p. 012201. [CrossRef]
Bhown, A. S. , and Freeman, B. C. , 2011, “ Analysis and Status of Post-Combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture Technologies,” Environ. Sci. Technol., 45(20), pp. 8624–8632. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Han, S. , Yoo, M. , Kim, D. , and Wee, J. , 2011, “ Carbon Dioxide Capture Using Calcium Hydroxide Aqueous Solution as the Absorbent,” Energy Fuels, 25(8), pp. 3825–3834. [CrossRef]
Yoo, M. , Han, S.-J. , and Wee, J.-H. , 2013, “ Carbon Dioxide Capture Capacity of Sodium Hydroxide Aqueous Solution,” J. Environ. Manage., 114, pp. 512–519. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Poherecki, R. , and Moniuk, W. , 1988, “ Kinetics of Reaction Between Carbon Dioxide and Hydroxyl Ions in Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 43(7), pp. 1677–1684. [CrossRef]
Li, Z.-S. , Cai, N.-S. , Huang, Y.-Y. , and Han, H.-J. , 2005, “ Synthesis Experimental Studies and Analysis of a New Calcium-Based Carbon Dioxide Absorbent,” Energy Fuels, 19(4), pp. 1447–1452. [CrossRef]
Sreenivasulu, B. , Gayatri, D. V. , Sreedhar, I. , and Raghavan, K. V. , 2015, “ A Journey Into the Process and Engineering Aspects of Carbon Capture Technologies,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 41, pp. 1324–1350. [CrossRef]
Kothandaraman, A. , 2006, “ Carbon Dioxide Capture by Chemical Absorption: A Solvent Comparison Study,” Master thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/62a7/3306ee221b1c8e8b945becd1c45ee16c6339.pdf
Huang, C.-M. , Hsu, H.-W. , Liu, W.-H. , Cheng, J.-Y. , Chen, W.-C. , Wen, T.-W. , and Chen, W. , 2011, “ Development of Post-Combustion CO2 Capture With CaO/CaCO3 Looping in a Bench Scale Plant,” Energy Procedia, 4, pp. 1268–1275. [CrossRef]
Andersen, A. , Divekar, S. , Dasgupta, S. , Cavka, J. H. , Aarti , Nanoti, A. , Spjelkavik, A., Goswami, A. N., Garg, M. O., and Blom, R., 2013, “ On the Development of Vacuum Swing Adsorption (VSA) Technology for Post-Combustion CO2 Capture,” Energy Procedia, 37, pp. 33–39. [CrossRef]
Hedin, N. , Andersson, L. , Bergström, L. , and Yan, J. , 2013, “ Adsorbents for the Post-Combustion Capture of CO2 Using Rapid Temperature Swing or Vacuum Swing Adsorption,” Appl. Energy, 104, pp. 418–433. [CrossRef]
Dang, W. , Friedrich, D. , and Brandani, S. , 2013, “ Characterisation of an Automated Dual Piston Pressure Swing Adsorption (DP-PSA) System,” Energy Procedia, 37, pp. 57–64. [CrossRef]
Casas, N. , Schell, J. , Joss, L. , and Mazzotti, M. , 2013, “ A Parametric Study of a PSA Process for Pre-Combustion CO2 Capture,” Sep. Purif. Technol., 104, pp. 183–192. [CrossRef]
Su, F. , Lu, C. , Chung, A.-J. , and Liao, C.-H. , 2014, “ CO2 Capture With Amine-Loaded Carbon Nanotubes Via a Dual-Column Temperature/Vacuum Swing Adsorption,” Appl. Energy, 113, pp. 706–712. [CrossRef]
Thiruvenkatachari, R. , An, S. S. H. , and Yu, X. X. , 2009, “ Post-Combustion CO2 Capture by Carbon Fiber Monolithic Adsorbents,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 35(5), pp. 438–455. [CrossRef]
Yu, C. H. , Huang, C. H. , and Tan, C. S. , 2012, “ A Review of CO2 Capture by Absorption and Adsorption,” Aerosol Air Qual. Res., 12(5), pp. 745–769.
Sjostrom, S. , Krutka, H. , Starns, T. , and Campbell, T. , 2011, “ Pilot Test Results of Post-Combustion CO2 Capture Using Solid Sorbents,” Energy Procedia, 4, pp. 1584–1592. [CrossRef]
Blamey, J. , Anthony, E. J. , Wang, J. , and Fennell, P. S. , 2010, “ The Calcium Looping Cycle for Large-Scale CO2 Capture,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 36(2), pp. 260–279. [CrossRef]
Ullah, R. , Atilhan, M. , Canlier, A. , Aparicio, S. , and Yavuz, C. T. , 2015, “ Insights of CO2 Adsorption Performance of Amine Impregnated Mesoporous Silica (SBA-15) at Wide Range Pressure and Temperature Conditions,” Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control, 43, pp. 22–32. [CrossRef]
Kim, J. , Lin, L. , Swisher, J. A. , Haranczyk, M. , and Smit, B. , 2012, “ Predicting Large CO2 Adsorption in Aluminosilicate Zeolites for Postcombustion Carbon Dioxide Capture,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 134(46), pp. 18940–18943. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Wu, D. , Xu, Q. , Liu, D. , and Zhong, C. , 2010, “ Exceptional CO2 Capture Capability and Molecular-Level Segregation in a Li-Modified Metal−Organic Framework,” J. Phys. Chem. C, 114(39), pp. 16611–16617. [CrossRef]
Patel, H. , Karadas, F. , Byun, J. , Park, J. , Deniz, E. , Canlier, A. , Jung, A. , Atilhan, M. , and Yavuz, C. T. , 2013, “ Highly Stable Nanoporous Sulfur-Bridged Covalent Organic Polymers for Carbon Dioxide Removal,” Adv. Funct. Mater., 23(18), pp. 2270–2276. [CrossRef]
Abanades, J. C. , Grasa, G. , Alonso, M. , Rodriguez, N. , Anthony, E. J. , and Romeo, L. M. , 2007, “ Cost Structure of a Post-Combustion CO2 Capture System Using CaO,” Environ. Sci. Technol., 41(15), pp. 5523–5527. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Alvarez, D. , and Abanades, J. C. , 2005, “ Determination of the Critical Product Layer Thickness in the Reaction of CaO With CO2,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 44(15), pp. 5608–5615. [CrossRef]
Barker, R. , 1973, “ Reversibility of the Reaction CaCO3 = CaO + CO2,” J. Appl. Chem. Biotechnol., 23(10), pp. 733–742. [CrossRef]
Grasa, G. S. , Alonso, M. , and Abanades, J. C. , 2008, “ Sulfation of CaO Particles in a Carbonation/Calcination Loop to Capture CO2,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 47(5), pp. 1630–1635. [CrossRef]
Salvador, C. , Lu, D. , Anthony, E. J. , and Abanades, J. C. , 2003, “ Enhancement of CaO for CO2 Capture in an FBC Environment,” Chem. Eng. J., 96(1–3), pp. 187–195. [CrossRef]
Kianpour, M. , Sobati, M. A. , and Shahhosseini, S. , 2012, “ Experimental and Modeling of CO2 Capture by Dry Sodium,” Chem. Eng. Res. Des., 90(11), pp. 2041–2050. [CrossRef]
Shimizu, T. , Hirama, T. , Hosoda, H. , Kitano, K. , Inagaki, M. , and Tejima, K. , 1999, “ A Twin Fluid-Bed Reactor for Removal of CO2 From Combustion Processes,” Chem. Eng. Res. Des., 77(1), pp. 62–68. [CrossRef]
Naser, I. , Ali, S. , and Ahmed, S. F. , 2013, “ Development of a Carbon Capture Device for Mobile Emissions Sources,” Second International Conference on Mechanical, Automotive and Aerospace Engineering (ICMAAE), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, July 2–4, Paper No. 30011. http://qufaculty.qu.edu.qa/sahmed/wp-content/uploads/sites/600/2016/05/Samer-Ahmed-2nd-ICMAAE-conference.pdf
Chen, P. C. , Huang, C. F. , Chen, H. , Yang, M. , and Tsao, C. , 2014, “ Capture of CO2 From Coal-Fired Power Plant With NaOH Solution in a Continuous Pilot-Scale Bubble-Column Scrubber,” Energy Procedia, 61, pp. 1660–1664. [CrossRef]
Ye, W. , Huang, J. , Lin, J. , Zhang, X. , Shen, J. , Luis, P. , and Bruggen, B. , 2015, “ Environmental Evaluation of Bipolar Membrane Electrodialysis for NaOH Production From Wastewater: Conditioning NaOH as a CO2 Absorbent,” Sep. Purif. Technol., 144, pp. 206–214. [CrossRef]
Liu, L. , Zhao, C. , Xu, J. , and Li, Y. , 2015, “ Integrated CO2 Capture and Photocatalytic Conversion by a Hybrid Adsorbent/Photocatalyst Material,” Appl. Catal., B, 179, pp. 489–499. [CrossRef]
Baciocchi, R. , Storti, G. , and Mazzotti, M. , 2006, “ Process Design and Energy Requirements for the Capture of Carbon Dioxide From Air,” Chem. Eng. Process.: Process Intensif., 45(12), pp. 1047–1058. [CrossRef]
Zeman, F. , 2007, “ Energy and Material Balance of CO2 Capture From Ambient Air,” Environ. Sci. Technol., 41(21), pp. 7558–7563. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Stolaroff, J. , Keith, D. , and Lowry, G. V. , 2008, “ Carbon Dioxide Capture From Atmospheric Air Using Sodium Hydroxide Spray,” Environ. Sci. Technol., 42(8), pp. 2728–2735. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Blunt, M. , Fayers, F. J. , and Orr, F. M. , 1993, “ Carbon Dioxide in Enhanced Oil Recovery,” Energy Convers. Manage., 34(9), pp. 1197–1204. [CrossRef]
Zhao, W. Z. , Sun, T. , Grattan, K. T. V. , Shen, Y. H. , Wei, C. L. , and Al-Shamma'a, A. I. , 2006, “ Temperature Monitoring of Vehicle Engine Exhaust Gases Under Vibration Condition Using Optical Fibre Temperature Sensor Systems,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., 45, pp. 215–222. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the test rig

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Illustration of the two distributer designs used with the test rig: (a) design (A): four arms and (b) design (B): eight arms

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

CO2 absorption efficiency using NaOH solvent at different degree of solvent saturations with distributer (A)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Temperature of NaOH solvent at different degree of solvent saturations with distributer A

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Effect of distributer design on CO2 absorption efficiency using NaOH solvent with 50% saturation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Effect of exhaust gas flow rate on CO2 absorption efficiency using NaOH solvent with 50% saturation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Effect of water type on CO2 absorption efficiency using NaOH solvent with 50% saturation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Comparison of NaOH solvent temperature between tap sweet water and seawater with 50% saturation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

CO2 absorption efficiency for half saturated (NaOH versus Ca(OH)2) solutions with half flow rates

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

CO2 adsorption temperature profiles at two locations in the container of NaOH sorbent with half flow rate of the exhaust gas

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

CO2 adsorption efficiency for different materials

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Comparison between the adsorption exit gas temperature of NaOH and, 50% NaOH, 50% Ca(OH)2 sorbents. Temperature measured at the top surface of the container.




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In