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Research Papers: Environmental Aspect of Energy Sources 

Evaluating the Performance of a Newly Developed Carbon Capture Device for Mobile Emission Sources

[+] Author and Article Information
Samer F. Ahmed

Thermofluids Group,
Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Department,
College of Engineering,
Qatar University,
P.O. Box 2713,
Doha 2713, Qatar
e-mail: sahmed@qu.edu.qa

Mert Atilhan

Department of Chemical Engineering,
College of Engineering,
Qatar University,
P.O. Box 2713,
Doha 2713, Qatar
e-mail: mert.atilhan@gmail.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received May 1, 2017; final manuscript received May 27, 2017; published online July 17, 2017. Editor: Hameed Metghalchi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 139(6), 062101 (Jul 17, 2017) (8 pages) Paper No: JERT-17-1191; doi: 10.1115/1.4036962 History: Received May 01, 2017; Revised May 27, 2017

In the present study, a new carbon capture device that can be carried on-board vehicles has been developed and tested. The developed device uses absorption and adsorption methods of postcombustion CO2 capture. Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) pellets and calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2 have been used as solvents and sorbents in the device. The CO2 capture efficiency has been evaluated at a wide range of operating conditions. The results showed that the higher the concentration of the solvent, the higher the capture efficiency, i.e., w 100% capture efficiency, being obtained at full saturation of NaOH. In addition, the increase in the solution temperature increases the capture efficiency up to 50 °C. Design of the gas distributer in the device has also a notable effect on CO2 capture. It was found that solvent prepared with seawater can provide high capture efficiency over a wide range of operation, but in general, it has a lower capture efficiency than that prepared by tap water. Moreover, solvents prepared by NaOH have a superior CO2 capture efficiency over those prepared by Ca(OH)2. For the adsorption technique, a 50% NaOH and 50% Ca(OH) mixture by mass has provided the highest capture efficiency compared with each sorbent when used alone.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the test rig

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Fig. 2

Illustration of the two distributer designs used with the test rig: (a) design (A): four arms and (b) design (B): eight arms

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Fig. 3

CO2 absorption efficiency using NaOH solvent at different degree of solvent saturations with distributer (A)

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Fig. 4

Temperature of NaOH solvent at different degree of solvent saturations with distributer A

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Fig. 5

Effect of distributer design on CO2 absorption efficiency using NaOH solvent with 50% saturation

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Fig. 6

Effect of exhaust gas flow rate on CO2 absorption efficiency using NaOH solvent with 50% saturation

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Fig. 7

Effect of water type on CO2 absorption efficiency using NaOH solvent with 50% saturation

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Fig. 8

Comparison of NaOH solvent temperature between tap sweet water and seawater with 50% saturation

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Fig. 9

CO2 absorption efficiency for half saturated (NaOH versus Ca(OH)2) solutions with half flow rates

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Fig. 10

CO2 adsorption temperature profiles at two locations in the container of NaOH sorbent with half flow rate of the exhaust gas

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Fig. 11

CO2 adsorption efficiency for different materials

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Fig. 12

Comparison between the adsorption exit gas temperature of NaOH and, 50% NaOH, 50% Ca(OH)2 sorbents. Temperature measured at the top surface of the container.

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