A novel geometry for vertical axis wind turbines based on the Savonius concept

[+] Author and Article Information
Michele Mari

Università degli Studi di Ferrara Via Giuseppe Saragat, 1 44122, Ferrara, Italy

Mauro Venturini

Università degli Studi di Ferrara Via Giuseppe Saragat, 1 44122, Ferrara, Italy

Asfaw Beyene

San Diego State University 5500 Campanile Drive San Diego, CA 92182-5102, USA

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4036964 History: Received May 13, 2017; Revised May 17, 2017


In this study, we present the results of a two-dimensional fluid-dynamic simulation of novel rotor geometry with spline function which is derivative of the traditional S-shape Savonius blade. A Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) analysis is conducted using the Spalart-Allmaras turbulent model, validated using experimental data released by Sandia National Laboratory. Results are presented in terms of dimensionless torque and power coefficients, assuming a wind speed of 7 m/s and height and rotor diameter of 1 m. Furthermore, analysis of the forces acting on the rotor is conducted by evaluating frontal and side forces on each blade, and the resultant force acting on the central shaft. A qualitative representation of the vorticity around the traditional and spline rotor is shown to prove that the novel blade allows less turbulent flow through the rotor.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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