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research-article

A State-of-the-Art Solution of Capacitance Resistance Model by Considering Dynamic Time Constants as a Realistic Assumption

[+] Author and Article Information
Ali Lesan

Petroleum Exploration Department, School of Mining Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
ali.lesan@ut.ac.ir

Seyed Ehsan Eshraghi

Institute of Petroleum Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran; Omid Petro Energy Khavaran Co. (Knowledge-based), Science & Technology Park, Khorasan Razavi, Mashad
eshraghi.ipe@ut.ac.ir

Abbas Bahroudi

Petroleum Exploration Department, School of Mining Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran; Department of Geosciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
bahroudi@ut.ac.ir

Mohammad R. Rasaei

Institute of Petroleum Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
mrasaei@ut.ac.ir

Hossein Rahami

School of Engineering Science, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
hrahami@ut.ac.ir

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4037368 History: Received October 11, 2016; Revised June 05, 2017

Abstract

To have an acceptable accuracy for water flooding projects, proper history matching is an important tool. Capacitance-Resistance-Model (CRM) simulates water flooding performance based on two tuning parameters of time constant and connectivity. Main advantages of CRM are its simplicity and fastness; furthermore, it needs only some field-available inputs like injection and production flow rates. CRM is reliable if producers receive the injection rate signal; in other words, duration of history matching must be enough so that the rate signal of injection be sensed in producers. It is a shortcoming of CRM that the results might not be accurate as a result of short history. In the common CRM, time constant is considered to be a static parameter (constant number) during the history of simulation. However, time constant is a time-dependent function that depends on the reservoir nature. In this paper, a new model has been developed so as to it decreases model dependency on the history matching length by shifting time axis. This new definition adds a rate shift constant to the model mathematics. Moreover, a new model is considering dynamic time constants. This new model is called Dynamic Capacitance-Resistance Model (DCRM). Two reservoir models have been simulated to analyze the performance of DCRM, and, as a results, it is found that the static time constant is an erroneous assumption. Finally, the accuracy of the results have been improved since the degree of freedom of the CRM increased in the new version.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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