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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

Modeling and Analysis of Onboard Refueling Vapor Evaporative Emission for Hybrid Electric Vehicle

[+] Author and Article Information
Hao Ding

School of Automotive and Traffic Engineering,
Jiangsu University,
Zhenjiang 212013, China
e-mail: dinghao_ujs@sina.com

Ren He, Xiaoxi Deng

School of Automotive and Traffic Engineering,
Jiangsu University,
Zhenjiang 212013, China

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Internal Combustion Engine Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received March 7, 2017; final manuscript received July 28, 2017; published online August 22, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Stephen A. Ciatti.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 140(1), 012002 (Aug 22, 2017) (9 pages) Paper No: JERT-17-1111; doi: 10.1115/1.4037482 History: Received March 07, 2017; Revised July 28, 2017

Fuel vapor-containment system (FVS) is a kind of vapor recovery device in the hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and has a great advantage on the fuel vapor recovery. The general refueling progress of the FVS has been studied in detail and divided into two different stages: the decompression stage and the refueling stage. Then, the two different stages' mathematical models have been developed based on the binary diffusion theory and time-variation diffusion theory, and simulated using matlab to calculate the evaporative emission with regard to time. Finally, the author has made the experiments on the decompression emissions and refueling emissions. The analysis shows that the test results are well coincided with the evaluation of mathematical model.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

State of the system during refueling

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Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of decompression stage

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Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of refueling stage

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Fig. 4

Pressurizing the fuel tank

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Fig. 5

Refueling emission test procedure of full vehicle equipped with nonintegrated refueling canister-only system

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Fig. 6

Aging treatment process

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Fig. 7

Overview of mini-SHED

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Fig. 8

Flowchart of decompression emission test

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Fig. 9

Flowchart of refueling emission test

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Fig. 10

Refueling without spitback or blowback

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Fig. 11

Picture of the refueling emission test

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Fig. 12

Variation of the concentration of emission and the pressure in the decompression emission test

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Fig. 13

Variation of the concentration of emission and the pressure in the refueling emission test

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Fig. 14

Comparison between the simulation emissions and experimental emissions on the decompression stage

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Fig. 15

Comparison between the simulation emissions and test emissions on the refueling stage

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Fig. 16

Variation of the pressure in the total refueling progress

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Fig. 17

Variation of the emission mass in the total refueling progress

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