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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

Analyses of the Efficiency of a High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Nuclear Reactor Cogeneration System Generating Heat for the Sulfur–Iodine Cycle

[+] Author and Article Information
Julian Jędrzejewski

Institute of Thermal Technology,
Silesian University of Technology,
Konarskiego 22,
Gliwice 44-100, Poland
e-mail: julian.jedrzejewski@polsl.pl

Małgorzata Hanuszkiewicz-Drapała

Institute of Thermal Technology,
Silesian University of Technology,
Konarskiego 22,
Gliwice 44-100, Poland
e-mail: 
malgorzata.hanuszkiewicz-drapala@polsl.pl

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received December 14, 2016; final manuscript received September 10, 2017; published online June 12, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Wojciech Stanek.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 140(11), 112001 (Jun 12, 2018) (10 pages) Paper No: JERT-16-1507; doi: 10.1115/1.4038117 History: Received December 14, 2016; Revised September 10, 2017

The paper presents the possibilities of the use of a high-temperature gas-cooled nuclear reactor for energy purposes in the hydrogen and electricity production process. The system provides heat for a thermochemical sulfur–iodine cycle producing hydrogen and generates electricity. Its structure and electricity generation capacity are conditioned by the demand for heat and the levels of temperature required at the sulfur–iodine cycle individual stages. In the three structures under analysis, electricity is generated in a gas turbine system and steam systems (steam, low-boiling fluids). The impact of helium parameters in a two-stage compression system with interstage cooling on power efficiency of the analyzed structures of cogeneration systems and on total power efficiency of the systems is investigated assuming that both hydrogen and electricity are produced. Thermodynamic analyses are conducted using the EBSILON Professional program. The aim of the analyses is to determine the optimum structure of the system and parameters of the mediums in terms of power efficiency.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Diagram of the electrical energy cogeneration system with a HTGR–Variant I

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Fig. 2

Diagram of the electrical energy cogeneration system with a HTGR–Variant II

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Fig. 3

Total driving mechanical power of compressors C1 and C2 depending on p1a and t1b (Variant I)

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Fig. 4

Driving mechanical power of compressor C1 depending on p1a and t1b (Variant I)

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Fig. 5

Driving mechanical power of compressor C2 depending on p1a and t1b (Variant I)

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Fig. 6

Regeneration heat flux depending on p1a and t1b (Variant I)

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Fig. 7

Net electric power of the ORC system depending on p1a and t1b (Variant I)

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Fig. 8

Total net electric power of the cogeneration system depending on p1a and t1b (Variant I)

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Fig. 9

Net electric power generated in the helium system depending on p1a and t1b (Variant I)

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Fig. 10

Power efficiency of the cogeneration system depending on p1a and t1b (Variant I)

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Fig. 11

Power efficiency of the system depending on p1a and t1b (Variant I)

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Fig. 12

Net electric power generated in the helium system depending on p1a and t1b (Variant II)

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Fig. 13

Net electric power of the ORC system depending on p1a and t1b (Variant II)

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Fig. 14

Total driving mechanical power of compressors C1 and C2 depending on p1a and t1b (Variant II)

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Fig. 15

Total net electric power of the cogeneration system depending on p1a and t1b (Variant II)

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Fig. 16

Regenerative heat flow rate depending on p1a and t1b (Variant II)

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Fig. 17

Power efficiency of the cogeneration system depending on p1a and t1b (Variant II)

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Fig. 18

Power efficiency of the system depending on p1a and t1b (Variant II)

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