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Research Papers: Petroleum Engineering

A New Empirical Model for Bulk Foam Rheology

[+] Author and Article Information
Aboozar Soleymanzadeh

Department of Petroleum Engineering,
Ahvaz Faculty of Petroleum,
Petroleum University of Technology (PUT),
P.O. Box 61991-71183,
Ahvaz, Iran

Hamid Reza Erfani Gahrooei

Department of Petroleum Engineering,
Ahvaz Faculty of Petroleum,
Petroleum University of Technology (PUT),
P.O. Box 61991-71183,
Ahvaz, Iran;
School of Chemical Engineering
and Analytical Science,
Faculty of Engineering and Physical Science,
The University of Manchester,
Manchester M13 9PL, UK
e-mails: hamidreza.erfanigahrooei@postgrad.manchester.ac.uk;
hamiderfani@outlook.com

Vahid Joekar-Niasar

School of Chemical Engineering
and Analytical Science,
Faculty of Engineering and Physical Science,
The University of Manchester,
Manchester M13 9PL, UK

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Petroleum Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received July 18, 2017; final manuscript received October 31, 2017; published online November 30, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Daoyong (Tony) Yang.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 140(3), 032911 (Nov 30, 2017) (7 pages) Paper No: JERT-17-1372; doi: 10.1115/1.4038385 History: Received July 18, 2017; Revised October 31, 2017

Foam fluids are widely used in petroleum industry such as foam-enhanced hydrocarbon recovery, underbalanced drilling, and as proppant carrying fluid in hydraulic fracturing. The most important issue to be considered in foam behavior is foam rheology and specifically, apparent viscosity. Various models have been used in order to predict foam apparent viscosity; most of these equations are originally developed for suspension systems, containing rigid spherical particles, and therefore, they are unable to predict foam apparent viscosity with acceptable accuracy. In addition, the lack of a comprehensive model with usage in all foam qualities is still tangible in the literature. In this research, a new general empirical model with application in all foam qualities is proposed and validated against experimental data available in the literature. Despite the simplicity, results have near-unity correlation of determination (R2), which shows good agreement of the proposed model with experimental data. Additionally, a new definition for foam quality is presented, to be more representative of the foam texture.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Viscosity versus shear rate at different qualities for foam A [20]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Viscosity versus shear rate at different qualities for foam B [20]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Relative viscosity versus foam quality for foam A [20]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Relative viscosity versus foam quality for foam B [20]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Plot of ξ versus shear rate for foams A and B

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Plot of η versus viscosity for foams A and B

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