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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

Performance and Cost Analysis of Conventional Petrol Car Converted Into Solar-Electric Hybrid Car

[+] Author and Article Information
A. Karim

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Usman Institute of Technology,
Karachi 75300, Pakistan
e-mail: akarim@uit.edu

Z. Shahid

Department of Electrical Engineering,
Institute of Business Management,
Korangi Creek, Karachi 75300, Pakistan
e-mail: zshahid87@gmail.com

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received July 3, 2017; final manuscript received November 25, 2017; published online December 22, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Esmail M. A. Mokheimer.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 140(3), 032009 (Dec 22, 2017) (5 pages) Paper No: JERT-17-1329; doi: 10.1115/1.4038588 History: Received July 03, 2017; Revised November 25, 2017

Vehicles are getting transformed from a single source of energy to dual or multiple sources of energy due to ever-increasing fuel problems and environment-related issues. Although hybrid vehicles provide environmental friendly option, however, they require sophisticated mechanical, electrical, and electronic parts and systems. As a result, hybrid cars are more expensive than fossil fuel-based conventional cars. One of the cost effective options is to convert used fossil fuel-based conventional cars into hybrid or electric cars. This conversion requires installation of electric motor and complex electronic control system for smooth and safe operation. This paper presents necessary details about the conversion of a conventional fossil fuel-based car into a solar-electric hybrid (SOLECT) car. Conversion of a conventional car into a SOLECT car can help people to save on fuel costs and protect environment.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Block diagram representing additional parts/components required for conversion of a conventional car into SOLECT

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Fig. 2

Brushless DC motor coupled to the rear axle through a differential housing

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Fig. 3

Figure showing position of BLDC motor

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Fig. 4

Block diagram of battery management system

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Fig. 5

Photograph of the converted car

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Fig. 6

Graph showing relationship between power consumed by the converted car and speed variation as a function of load

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Fig. 7

Figure showing degradation of battery voltage with respect to distance covered

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Fig. 8

Graph between battery voltage and speed of the converted car

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