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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

Analysis of the Flue Gas Preparation Process for the Purposes of Carbon Dioxide Separation Using the Adsorption Methods

[+] Author and Article Information
Robert Zarzycki

Department of Energy Engineering,
Czestochowa University of Technology,
Brzeźnicka 60a,
Częstochowa 42-201, Poland
e-mail: zarzycki@is.pcz.czest.pl

Marcin Panowski

Institute of Advanced Energy Technologies,
Czestochowa University of Technology,
J.H. Dąbrowskiego 73,
Częstochowa 42-201, Poland
e-mail: mpanowski@is.pcz.czest.pl

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received December 13, 2016; final manuscript received November 7, 2017; published online December 22, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Wojciech Stanek.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 140(3), 032008 (Dec 22, 2017) (7 pages) Paper No: JERT-16-1502; doi: 10.1115/1.4038665 History: Received December 13, 2016; Revised November 07, 2017

The necessity of limitation of carbon dioxide emissions, which also concerns the energy sector, causes that more and more effective and efficient methods of CO2 capture from the flue gas are being tested. Among these technologies are adsorption ones, which have been used for a gas separation for many years. The characteristic features of adsorption separation are: long life of the sorbents used, low energy expenditure, and minim effect on the environment; however, their application requires adequate initial preparation of the flue gas fed into the system of CO2 separation so that the flue gas temperature is as low as possible, and there is no water content in it. The study presents the concept and numerical calculations of the system for preparation of the flue gas feeding the CO2 adsorption (vacuum pressure swing adsorption (VPSA)) separation unit, using the absorption chiller (AC). In the presented concept, the AC is driven by the flue gas which is used as both: upper and lower heat source for AC; however, due to the amount of energy being carried out with the flue gas, which is larger than required by the AC, the additional heat exchangers must be implemented. The calculations presented in the study show that owing to the application of AC, flue gas may be cooled down to temperatures even about 5 °C. Moreover, the simultaneous process of flue gas cooling and drying in such system is realized at low energy expenditure which leads to improvement of the overall energy efficiency of the system of CO2 separation from flue gas and also to reduction of its dimensions.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

CO2 isotherms for the sorbent used (activated carbon)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Design of the process of flue gas cooling using the AC

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

(a) Effect of water content in the fuel on the flow of fuel to the boiler, wet flue gas flow rate, water vapor flow rate, and CO2 in flue gas after the boiler and (b) effect of water content in the fuel on the content of water in flue gas after the boiler and degree of humidity in flue gas

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

(a) Flue gas temperature after individual heat exchangers versus fuel water content and (b) heat fluxes collected in individual heat exchangers versus fuel water content

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

(a) Flow rates for the water condensed in the heat exchangers HE3 and HE4 and water contained in the flue gas after the heat exchanger HE4 versus water content in the fuel and (b) degree of humidity in flue gas after the boiler and heat exchangers versus water content in fuel

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

(a) Sorption capacity of the sorbent and effective capacity of the sorbent versus water content in the fuel and (b) demand for sorbent for separation of CO2 from the flue gas stream versus water content in the fuel

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