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Research Papers: Energy Systems Analysis

An Experimental Study on the Performance of Drag-Reducing Polymers in Single- and Multiphase Horizontal Flow Using Particle Image Velocimetry

[+] Author and Article Information
Ihab H. Alsurakji

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
An-Najah National University,
Nablus 7, Palestine
e-mail: isurakji@najah.edu

A. Al-Sarkhi

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
King Fahd University of
Petroleum and Minerals,
Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
e-mail: alsarkhi@kfupm.edu.sa

M. Habib

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
King Fahd University of
Petroleum and Minerals,
Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
e-mail: mahabib@kfupm.edu.sa

Hassan M. Badr

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
King Fahd University of
Petroleum and Minerals,
Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
e-mail: badrhm@kfupm.edu.sa

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Advanced Energy Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received August 4, 2017; final manuscript received December 2, 2017; published online January 31, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Reza Sheikhi.

J. Energy Resour. Technol 140(5), 052005 (Jan 31, 2018) (17 pages) Paper No: JERT-17-1408; doi: 10.1115/1.4038847 History: Received August 04, 2017; Revised December 02, 2017

This paper presents experimental investigations conducted to understand the influence of water-soluble drag-reducing polymers (DRPs) in single- and two-phase (stratified wavy) flow on flow-field characteristics. These experiments have been presented for water and air–water flowing in a horizontal polyvinyl chloride 22.5-mm ID, 8.33-m long pipe. The effects of liquid flow rates and DRP concentrations on streamlines and the instantaneous velocity were investigated by using particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique. A comparison of the PIV results was performed by comparing them with the computational results obtained by fluent software. One of the comparisons has been done between the PIV results, where a turbulent flow with DRP was examined, and the laminar–computational fluid dynamic (CFD) prediction. An agreement was found in the region near the pipe wall in some cases. The results showed the powerfulness of using the PIV techniques in understanding the mechanism of DRP in single- and two-phase flow especially at the regions near the pipe wall and near the phases interface. The results of this study indicate that an increase in DRP concentrations results in an increase in drag reduction up to 45% in single-phase water flow and up to 42% in air–water stratified flow.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematics of experimental setup

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Fig. 2

Schematics of PIV setup and transparent part of the test section

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Fig. 3

Sequence of analysis for PIV

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Fig. 4

PIV results for single-phase water flow without DRP

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Fig. 5

PIV results for single-phase water flow with DRP

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Fig. 6

PIV results for single-phase water flow with and without DRP

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Fig. 7

PIV results for single-phase water flow with and without DRP

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Fig. 8

Transparent test section in the test loop

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Fig. 9

Comparison between fluent software and PIV results for single-phase water flow (PIV results show the effect of adding 116 ppm of DRP)

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Fig. 10

Comparison between fluent software and PIV results for single-phase water flow (PIV results show the effect of adding 115 ppm of DRP)

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Fig. 11

Comparison between fluent software and PIV results for single-phase water flow (PIV results show the effect of adding 113 ppm of DRP)

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Fig. 12

Comparison between fluent software and PIV results for single-phase water flow (PIV results show the effect of adding 110 ppm of DRP)

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Fig. 13

Comparison between fluent software and PIV results for single-phase water flow (PIV results show the effect of adding 107 ppm of DRP)

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Fig. 14

Comparison between fluent software and PIV results for single-phase water flow (PIV results show the effect of adding 86 ppm of DRP)

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Fig. 15

Comparison between fluent software and PIV results for single-phase water flow (PIV results show the effect of adding 54 ppm of DRP)

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Fig. 16

PIV results for two-phase water flow with and without DRP

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Fig. 17

PIV results for two-phase water flow with and without DRP (y is the distance from the wall)

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Fig. 18

Percentage drag reduction versus polymer concentration (water-soluble DRP) for air–water flow. ◇ (ReSL = 7703, ReSG = 11,998); ◻ (ReSL = 7973, ReSG = 12,213); △ (ReSL = 8471, ReSG = 12,137); ○ (ReSL = 8706, ReSG = 11,998); X (ReSL = 9221, ReSG = 12,137).

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